Friday, January 1, 2016

Queen Elizabeth I - New Year's Gifts 1561-1562



1558-early 60s Queen Elizabeth I 1533-1603 Unknown artist English School

An explanation of these lists appeared on the Museum of London blog.  Thought I would share it here to give a background on these amazing lists.

In Elizabethan London, New Year’s Day was the big time to give and receive gifts, particularly at court. The tradition appears to date back to at least the 13th century but under Queen Elizabeth I it reached new heights in terms of the extravagance and range of the gifts given.

Courtiers and members of the Queen’s household were expected to present her with gifts. As can be imagined competition to impress the Queen was fierce and there must have been immense pressure to come up with gifts that were valuable enough (many resorted to giving money, usually gold coins, in extravagant silk purses) or useful (she received many perfumed gloves and gold-trimmed hankies) or just intriguing.


In the latter category are many animal jewels, such as an emerald, diamond and ruby serpent with a pendant pearl, given in 1581 by the Countess of Oxford or a golden cat playing with mice and again decorated with diamonds and pearls given the same year by Lady Howard. One can imagine the emerald and diamond salamander or the pearl ship pin from the Cheapside Hoard being equally acceptable New Year’s gifts. The Queen loved puns and many of these jewels would have held hidden meanings and witty jokes for her amusement.


A number of rolls or lists detailing the gifts she received for New Year still survive and give a fascinating glimpse of life in the Elizabethan court. Many of the queen’s admirers liked to give her a gift which would remind her of themselves. Sir Christopher Hatton, whose portrait is on display in the Cheapside Hoard exhibition, on loan from the National Portrait Gallery, frequently used a knot motif and so in around 1585 he gave Elizabeth a headdress, decorated with expensive golden knots. In 1574 the fan that the Earl of Leicester gave her was decorated with bears, part of his device. Others gave gifts that they hoped would get them noticed and some of these were rather fabulous. For example, on New Year’s Day 1581 Sir Walter Raleigh presented Elizabeth with a crown set with Peruvian emeralds which he had captured in a raid on the Spanish fleet the previous year. However, the rolls show that she also received plainer gifts such as a quince pie from John Betts, who was a pastry servant, or a box of lute strings or eighteen larks in a cage.


In return the Queen would give gifts too, and whilst these were sometimes generous in the extreme, more often than not they were of a lower value than those she received. Often she would give an image of herself, such as the cameo portrait of the Queen which Hatton is shown holding in his portrait. A similar, though smaller cameo can be seen on display as part of the Cheapside Hoard. But if you wanted to impress the Queen it seems to have been much more a case of five gold rings rather than a partridge in a pear tree!


New Year's Gifts for Queen Elizabeth: 1561-1562

Anno Regni Reginæ Elizabethæ Quarto.
Neweeyeur's Gyftes gevon to the Quene her Majestie by those Parsons whose Names hereafter ensue, the first of January, the Yere above wrytten.

 £. s. d.
By the Lady Margaret Strainge, a little round mounte of golde to conteyne a pomaunder in it.
With the Qene her Majestie.

Duke, Marquisses, and Earles.
By the Duke of Norfolke, in a purse of purple silke and golde knit, in sundry coynes of golde 20 0 0
By the Marquis of Winchester, High Threasourer of Englande, in a purse of crymsen satten, in angells 20 0 0
By the Marquis of Northampton, in a purse of crymsen silke and gold knit, in dimy soveraignes 20 0 0
By the Earle of Arundell, Lord Steward, in a paper, in angels, 30 0 0
By the Earle of Shrewesburye, in a red silke purse, in dimy soveraignes 20 0 0
By the Earle of Darbye, in a purse of crymsen satten, embraudered with golde, in dimy soveraignes 20 0 0
By the Earle of Pembroke, in a purse of black silk and silver knit, in new angells 30 0 0
By the Earle of Bedforde, in a purse of black silk and golde knytt, in dimy soveraignes 20 0 0
By the Earle of Rutlande, in a purse of red silk and golde knytt, in dimy soveraigns and angells 20 0 0
By the Earle of Huntingdon, in a red silk purse, in angells 15 0 0
By the Earle of Westmerlande, in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns 10 0 0
By the Earle of Oxforde, in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns 10 0 0
By the Earle of Northumberlande, in a purse of black silke and silver knytt, in angells 10 0 0
With the Quene her Highness.
By the Earle of Warwike, a smocke wrought with black silk, a peire of slevis, and a partelett wrought with gold, silver, and black silke.
Delivered to the Lady Cobham.
By the Viscounte Mountague, in a purse of cloth of golde, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
With her said Majestie.

Busshopps.
By the Archbusshop of Caunterbury, in a red silk purse, in dimy soveraigns 40 0 0
By the Archbusshop of York, in soveraigns 30 0 0
By the Busshop of Duresme, in a purse of crymson silk and gold knytt, in angells 30 0 0
By the Busshop of Ely, in a red vellat purse, in angells 30 0 0
By the Busshop of Wynchester, in a purse of crymsen silk and gold knytt and set with pearles, in angells 20 0 0
By the Busshop of London, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes 20 0 0
By the Busshop of Salisbury, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes 20 0 0
By the Busshop of Worcester, in a black vellat purse, in dimy soveraignes 20 0 0
By the Busshop of Lyncoln, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes 20 0 0
By the Busshop of Chychester, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Norwich, in a blew silk purse 13 6 8
By the Busshop of Hereforde, in a green silk purse, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Lychfield and Coventry, in a red satten purse, in angells 13 0 0
By the Busshop of Rochester, in a red purse, in gold 13 6 8
By the Busshop of Saint Davies, in a red silk purse, in angells 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Bathe, in a purse of red silk, in angells 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Exetour, in a blew silk purse, in angells 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Peterborowe, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Chester, in a red purse, in angells and soveraignes 10 0 0
With her said Majestie.

Duchesses and Countesses.
By the Duchess of Norfolke, in a prse of crymsen silk and gold knyt, in angells 20 0 0
By the Duchess of Somerset, in a purse of silver and black silk, in royalls and ducketts 14 0 0
By the Countess of Surrey, in a purse of tawny silk and gold, in dimy soveraignes 5 0 0
By the Countess of Pembroke, in a cherry bag of crymsen satten, in new angells 15 0 0
By the Countess of Bedford, in a purse of crymsen silk and silver knytt, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
By the Countess of Darby, in a purse of crymson sattin embrodred with gold, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
By the Countess of Oxford, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes 5 0 0
By the Countess of Shrewisbury, Dowager, in a purse of black silk knytt, in dimy soveraignes 12 0 0
By the Countess of Shrewisbury, in a red silk purse knytt, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
By the Countess of Huntingdon, Dowager, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
By the Countess of Huntingdon, in a red purse, in angells 10 0 0
By the Countess of Northumberland, in a purse of black silk and silver knytt, in angells 10 0 0
By the Countess of Rutland, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes 13 6 8

Vicountesses.
By the Vicountess Hereford, Dowager, six hankercheffes edged with gold.
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham. 
By the Vicountess Mountague, in a purse of cloth of gold, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
With her said Majestie.

Lordes.
By the Lorde Keeper of the Great Seale, [Nicholas] Bacon, in a purse of silver knytt, in angells 13 6 8
By the Lorde William Howard, Lord Chamberlen, in a purse of crymsen silk and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
By the Lorde Pagett, in a greene purse in dimy soveraignes 13 6 8
By the Lorde Clynton, Lord Admyrall, in gold 10 0 0
By the Lorde Riche, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes 20 0 0
By the Lorde North, in a purse of purple silk and silver, in dimy soveraignes 20 0 0
By the Lorde Lumley, in a paper, in angells 20 0 0
By the Lorde Hastings of Loughboro, in a red silk purse, in French crowns 13 0 0
By the Lorde Stafford, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes 5 0 0
By the Lorde Windsor, in a purse of crymsn silk and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
With her said Majestie.
By Lorde John Graye, a haunce pott of allabaster garnished with silver gilt.
Delivered in charge to John Asteley, Esq. Master and Threasourer of her Highnes Jewels and Plate.
By the Lorde Barkeley, in a red purse, in gold 10 0 0
By the Lorde Mountejoye, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
By the Lorde Abergavennye, in a purse of red silke, in dimy soveraignes 5 0 0
By the Lorde Scrowpe, in a purse of blak silk and silver knytt, in angells 10 0 0
By the Lorde Caree of Hundesdon, in a purse of crymsen silk, in double ducketts 13 6 8
By the Lorde Strainge, in a purse of red silk and gold, in dimy soveraignes 5 0 0
By the Lorde Darcey of Chichey, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes, 10 0 0
By the Lorde Shefild, in a red silk purse, in gold 10 0 0
By the Lorde Shandowes, in a blak silk purse, in angells 10 0 0
With her said Majestie.

Ladyes.
By the Lady Howarde, in a purse of crymsen silk and knytt, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Clinton, a peire of sleevis of gold, pulled out with lawne.
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By the Lady Pagett, in gold 6 13 4
By the Lady Barkeley, Lord Barkeley's wife, in gold 5 0 0
By the Lady Mountejoye, in a red silk purse, in angells 10 0 0
By the Lady Abergavenny, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraignes 5 0 0
By the Lady Caree of Hundesdon, in a blak purse knytt, in angells 10 0 0
By the Lady Taylboyes, Sir Peter Carewe's wyfe, in a purse of blak silk and silver, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Cobham, a partelett and a peire of sleeves of sypers wrought with silver and blak silke.
Re-delivered to herself.
By the Lady Dakers, a warming ball of gold, per oz. 3 oz. dim.
With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Shefilde, a paire of sleeves wrought with fringe of blak silk and lozeng of gold.
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By the Lady Scrope, in a purse of blak silk and silver, in angells 7 0 0
With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Shandowes, a peire of sleeves and a partlett of gold and silver knytt, cawle fashion.
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By the Lady Knowlles, a feyne carpett of needleworke, theverende frienged and buttoned with gold and silk.
Delivered to John Torneworth, Groom of the Privy Chamber.
By the Lady Butler, in a little white purse, in French crowns 6 0 0
With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Raclyef, a peire of sleeves of cameryk, all over sett with purle, and two sweet bags.
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham. 
By the Lady Mason, in a purse of blak silk and gold knytt, in soveraignes 6 0 0
With her said Majestie.
By the Lady York, three suger loves, and a barrell of suckett.
Delivered to Mrs. Asteley. 
By the Lady Cycell, a partelett and a peire of sleves wrought with roundells of gold frienge, and drawen owte with syphers.
By the Lady Lane, sixe handkercheves, four of them blak silk and gold and two of red silk.
By the Lady Henningham, six handekercheves, garnished with gold, silver and silk.
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By the Lady Cheeke, in a russet silk purse 4 0 0
By the Lady Pallat, in a cherry bag of crymsen satten in angells 100s.
With her said Majestie.
By the Lady St. Lowe, one peire of sleves of fine cameryke embrordered with goldsmith's work of silver gilt, and a piece of purle upon a paper to edge them.
By the Lady Woodhouse, a partelet a peire of sleves wroght with gold and silk, tufted out with cameryk.
By the Lady Carewe, a smock wrought with blak silk, and coller and ruffes, with gold and silk.
By the Lady Jebson, one smock all over wrought with blak silk, the sleves wrought with gold.
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By the Lady Sackevile, in a purse of red silk and gold knytt, in soveraigns 100s.
With her said Majestie.
By the Lady Fitzwilliam, widowe, one petycoate of purple satten cutt upon gold sarceonett, with two borders embrauderid with gold and silver, and fringed with gold, silver, and silke.
Delivered in charge to John Reyner and Rauf Hope, yeomen of the Robes.
By the Lady Gresham, a boxe with foure swete-baggs in it. 
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.

Knightes.
By Sir Edwarde Rogers, Comptroller of the Household, in a purse of crymsen silke and silver knytt, in dimy soveraignes, and oone angel 100s.
By Sir William Cycell, Secretary, a standishe garneshed with silver gilt and mother of pearle, with an inke-pott of like silver gilt, and a glass of chrystall in the cover, the base plated with like silver guilt, containing therein two boxes for duste, and 24 counters of silver guilt; a pen-knife, thafte of silver guilt; and a seale of bone typped with silver guilt.
By Sir Frauncis Knowll, Vice Chamberlen, in a purse of blewe silke and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
By Sir Ambrose Cave, Chauncellor of the Duchie of Lancaster, in a purse of crymsen silke and gold knytt, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
By Sir Richard Sackevile, Under Threasaurer of England, in a purse of red silk and gold, in soveraignes 10 0 0
With her said Majestie.
By Sir John Mason, Threasaurer of the Chamber, a small coller of serpentyne garneshed with silver gilt.
Delivered to the said John Asteley, and two bookes.
By Sir William Peter, in a red purse, in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
By Sir Walter Myldemaye, Chauncellor of the Exchequer, in a purse of red silke and golde knytt, in dimy angells 100s.
By Sir Edmunde Peckeham, High Threasourer of the Mint, in a chery bag, in demy soveraignes 9 0 0
By Sir Christopher Hatton, in a red silke purse, in angells 10 0 0
By Sir Henry Jernegham, in golde 10 0 0
By Sir Edwarde Warner, Leutenaunte of the Tower of London, in sundry coynes of golde 6 18 4
By Sir William Cordall, Master of the Rolls, in a white satten purse, in angells 10 0 0
By Sir Richarde Sowthewell, in a red satten purse in angells 10 0 0
By Sir Moryce Dennyce, oone rounde dyall of golde sett with stone and pearle.
By Sir Thomas Josleyn, in a purse of blew silk, in dimy soveraignes 6 0 0
By Sir John Thyrme, in dimy soveraignes 100s.
By Sir William Damsell, Receivour of the Court of Wards, in a russet silk purse in dimy soveraigns 10 0 0
By Sir Thomas Benger, Master of the Revels, a ring with a small pointed diamonde.
With her said Majestie.
By Sir Gower Carew, Master of the Henchmen, a desk covered with purple vellat embrored with gold.
Delivered to Mrs. Blaunch Apparey.
By Sir Peter Carew, in a purse of blak silk and gold in dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
By Sir Roger North, in a purse of red silk and gold knytt, in French crownes 6 0 0
By Sir Thomas Gresham, in a purse of blak silk and silver knytt in angells 10 0 0
With her said Majestie.
By Sir William Dethyk, King at Armes, a book of the armes of the Knights of the Garter now-being, covered with tynsell.
By Sir John Alee, a cofer of wodde carved, paynted and gilt, with combes, glasses, and balls.
Delivered to the said Mrs. Blaunch.
By Sir George Howarde, a book containing thoffice of the Armery, covered with black vellat, and bound with parssarmoryne of silver, with two plates of silver.
Delivered to Sir William Cicell, Knight, Secretary.
By Sir James Strumpe, two grehounds, a fallow and a blak pyed.
Delivered to John Coxe, Yeoman of the Leashe.

Chapleyns.
By Archdeacon Carew, Dean of the Chappell, in a purse of yallow silk and silver knytt, in French crowns and dimy soveraignes 10 0 0
By Doctor Wotton, Dean of Canterburry, in a red satten purse, in dimy soveraigns 10 0 0
By Peter Vannes, Deane of Salusbury, in a red purse, in French crowns 12 0 0
With her said Majestie.

Gentlewomen.
By Mysteris Astley, Chief Gentlewoman of the Pryvy Chamber, twelve handkercheves edged with gold and silver.
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By Mrs. Blaunche Apparey, one square piece unshorne vellat edged with silver lase.
Delivered to the said Torneworth.
By Mrs. Skypwyth, a cushion cloth wrought with black silk and frenged with gold and purpel silk, with a pinpillow embrorderd.
By Mrs Marven, a smock wrought with blak silk, with a high coller edged with gold and silke.
By Mrs. Harrington, a smock all over wrought with blak silk.
By Mrs. Hennage, a fair smock all over wrought with blak silk, and a standing coller and ruffes wrought with gold.
By Mrs. Dorothy Brodebelt, a peire of slevis of cameryk netted with gold.
By Mrs. Sands, sixe handkercheves wrought with red silk edged with gold.
By Mrs. Marbery, a cawle and three forehed-clothes of cameryk netted with gold.
By Mrs. Arundell, sixe handkercheves wrought with flower of silk and gold, edged with gold.
By Mrs. Katheren Carew, six handkercheves edged with gold, silver, and silk.
By Mrs. Borptest, twoo cowls, the one of gold, the other of silver, knytt.
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By Mrs. Penne, a perre of silk knytt hoose.
Delivered to Mrs. Marberys.
By Mrs. Dane, a pece of cameryk in a box.
Delivered to the said Mrs. Blaunch.
By Mrs. Barley, alias Penne, six handkerchefs edged with gold.
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By Mrs. Snow, widow, in angells 100s.
By Mrs. Levina Terling, the Queen's personne and other personages, in a box fynely painted.
With her said Majestie.
By Mrs. Amey Shelton, six handkercheves edged with silver and buttoned.
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By Mrs. Elizabeth Shelton, a standish covered with crymsen satten, all over embrodered with Venise gold and silk.
Delivered to the said Mrs. Blaunch.
By Mrs. Randell, alias Smallpage, six handkercheves edged with gold.
By Mrs. Huggens, one pillowbeere, and six faire handkercheves wrought with silk and gold.
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.

Gentlemen.
By Mayster John Asteley, Master and Treausurer of the Queen's Jewels and Plate, oone faire guilt boll, or spice plate, with a cover, per oz. 31 oz.
Given to the Earl of Pembroke, eodem die.
By Mr. Thomas Hennage, oone hour-glass garnished with gold, per oz. with glass sand, and all in a case of black vellat, embrodered with silver, 5 oz.
With her said Majestie.
By Mr. Harrington, a piere of sleves and a partelett, embrodered with gold and silver sett with pearles.
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By Mr. Bathe, in soveraignes 10 0 0
By Mr. Thomas Standley, in a red purse in dimy soveraignes 6 0 0
With her said Majestie.
By Mr. John Yonge, a table paynted in a frame of wallnuttree, and certeyne verses about it of money: and a round piece of silver.
The table delivered in charge to George Bredeman, Keeper of the Pallace at Westminster; the piece of silver with the Queen.
By Mr. Doctor Maister, twoo potts, the one of nutmegs, the other of gynger condit.
By Mr. Doctor Hewycke, two potts, the one of green ginger, the other of orange flowers.
Delivered to the Groom of the Privy Chamber.
By Mr. William Huggyns, a greate swete bag of tapphata, with a zypher, and a border of rosses and sphers embrodered with Venice gold and pearles.
Delivered to the said Mrs. Blaunch.
By Benedick Spinulla, oone hoole peice of purple vellat.
Delivered to Lady Cobham.
By Robert Robatham, two pair of silk hose knytt.
Delivered to the said Mrs. Marbery.
By Revell, Surveiour of the Workes, a marchpane, with the modell of Powle's churches and steeples in past.
By George Mantle, a neckercheve and a peire of sleves all over wrought with black silk.
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By Smith, Customer, a piece of fine cameryk.
Delivered to the said Mrs. Blaunch.
By Armygell Wade, three fine glasses in a wycker basket.
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By Blomefield, Leuetenaunte of the Ordenance, a feire darte of brassell garneshed and tasselled with silver and black silk, the hedde damaskyne.
Given to the Lord Robert, Master of the Horse.
By John Hemyngway, Poticary, a pott of oring condytt; a box of pyne comfetts musked; a box of Manus Christi and lozenges.
By Lawrence Shref, Grocer, a suger loaf; a box of ginger; a box of nutmegs; and a pound of cynomon.
Delivered to the foresaid Gromes.
By Adams, Schollmaster to the Henchmen, a patorn of a peir of sleives.
By Francis, Chamberlain of Woodstock, a box full of Guernesey hoose and sleves knytt.
Delivered to the said Lady Cobham.
By William St. Barbe, a ferre crosbow with a gaffle.
Delivered to the Lord Chamberlen.
By Mark Anthony Eryzo, a combe case, all over embroreded and sett with pearles, and furneshed with combs, glasses, and other necessaryes.
Delivered to John Baptest, Groome of the Pryvy Chamber.
By Anthony Anthony, a corbonett fall of tylls.
By Trayford, Chief Clerk of the Spicery, pomegranetts, aples, boxes of comfitts, &c.
By Richarde Hickes, Yeomen of the Chamber, a very faire marchepane made like a tower, with men and sundry artillery in it.
Delivered to the aforenamed G. Briedman.
By Richarde Mathews, Cutler, a peir of knives with a shethe, covered with purple vellat.
With the Queen her Majestie.
By George Webster, Master Cook, a marchpanne, being a chess boarde.
By John Betts, Servaunte of the Pastrye, one pye of quinces.
Summa £ 1,262 11 8


No comments:

Post a Comment