Friday, February 5, 2016

1500s & 1600s Children of aristocrats used as commodities



 1577 Archduchess Catherine Renata of Austria (1576-1599) (or Catherine Renea) of Inner Austria

During the 16C and 17C, children of the gentry, the titled, or the landed nobles were dressed as miniature adults reflecting their particular social status.  Among the aristocrats, children were often used as commodities; because sons & daughters were regularly married or promised in marriage at very young ages in order to cement social, political, & economic alliances. During this era, portraits of heirs dressed like their parents would assert their position of birth, wealth, & power of the family in anticipation of future alliances, impressing visiting gentry, & creating imposing ancestral memories.  Their dress would announce their social status, because of laws created to allow only designated classes to wear certain items of clothing. From the 16C to the 18C, sumptuary laws in some European countries dictated what people of an established social status were allowed to wear, such as rich textiles, laces, jewelry, & accessories.  It was hoped that these laws would maintain the social order with the aristocracy at the top of the heap. Unfortunately, or fortunately, these mandates were difficult to enforce.


 1577 Jan Cornelisz Vermeyen (c.1500-1559) Archduchess Maria Erna Christ (1574-1621) at the age of three years



 1581 Archduchess Catherine Renata of Austria (1576-1599) (or Catherine Renea) of Inner Austria at age five



 1586 Attr to Pieter Feddes Van Harlingen (Dutch artist, 1586-1634) Young Child



 1590s Adriaen van der Linde (Dutch artist, 1560-1609) Reported to be a  Portrait of Anne Gibson



 1597 Tiberio di Tito (Italian artist, 1573–1627) Portrait of the children of Virginio Orsini




 1599 Adriaen van der Linde (Dutch artist, 1560-1609) Portrait of Sijds van Cammingha at the age of six



 1600 The Egerton Sisters Elizabeth, Vere and Mary



 1600s attr to Cornelis de Vos (Flemish artist, 1584-1651)  A Young Child Holding a Bullfinch



 1600s Tiberio di Tito (Italian artist, 1573–1627)  Portrait of Boy and his Dog



 1600s Artist unknown, Twins dressed as Knights



 1600s Unknown artist of the Dutch school. Portrait of a boy and a girl.



 1610 Wybrand de Geest (Dutch artist, 1592-1661-65) Portrait of the Infanta.




 1617 Unknown artist of the Anglo Dutch School, 1622 Portrait of Two children inscribed Natus. 22 Maij 1617  Girl with a fan, boy with a whip.



 1619 Frans Hals (Dutch artist, 1581-1666) Catharina Hooft with her Nurse Detail



 1620 Anonymous artist, Sophia Everwijn



 1620 Unknown Artist probably an English Follower of William Larkin. Three Young Girls.



 1621 Cornelis de Vos (Flemish artist, 1584-1651)  Artist's daughter, Magdalena de Vos



1625 Paulus Moreelse (Dutch artist, 1571-1638) Portrait of a Girl with a fan.

 1630s Anthony van Dyck (Flemish artist, 1599-1641) George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham and his brother Lord Francis Villiers



 1630s Anthony van Dyck (Flemish artist, 1599-1641) Philadelphia and Elizabeth Wharton



1657 Jan Jansz. de Stomme (Dutch painter, 1615-c 1657)  Portrait of Evert en Reint Lewe


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