Sunday, April 10, 2016

Who are all these wealthy women pretending to tend sheep? 17C -18C Shepherdess personification portraits



1600s Unknown artist from the workshop of Gerrit van Honthorst (Dutch artist, 1592–1656) Portrait of a Lady of the Court as a Shepherdess

Early artists painted their contemporaries as personifications & allegories, & often painters would put the faces of their patrons on the bodies of the saints.  These came to be called donor portraits.  These portraits remained popular, as they expanded to show the sitter as a Greek goddess, or muse, or nymph in in a rustic setting.  They grew to include portraits of a shepherdess in pastoral scenes wearing idealized attire, nothing like the clothing worn by real women tending sheep.

Early portraits of women portrayed as shepherdesses might be depicted with bare breasts showing, while wealthy, identified sitters would be painted in more traditional, conservative costumes.  The theme of the shepherdess was popular in 17C Dutch art, & it was not unusual for fashionable young women to have their likenesses rendered as such.  The shepherdess theme remained popular throughout the 18C on both sides of the Atlantic.



 1624 Paulus Moreelse (Dutch artist, 1571-1638) Lady as Shepherdess



 1625 Salomon de Bray (Dutch artist, 1597-1664)  A Shepherdess



1628 Unknown artist from the workshop of Gerrit van Honthorst (Dutch artist, 1592–1656) Portrait of a Lady of the Court as a Shepherdess



 1630 Claude Deruet (French artist, 1588–1660) Duchesse de Monatusier as a Shepherdess



 1630 Claude Deruet (French artist, 1588–1660) Portrait of a Lady as a Shepherdess



1630 Paulus Moreelse (Dutch artist, 1571-1638) The beautiful shepherdess,



1630-50s Anonymous Dutch artist, after Paulus Moreelse (Dutch artist, 1571-1638) Shepherdess



1630s Paulus Moreelse (Dutch artist, 1571-1638) Lady as Shepherdess



 1630s Paulus Moreelse (Dutch artist, 1571-1638) Lady as Shepherdess



 1630s Paulus Moreelse (Dutch artist, 1571-1638) Lady as Shepherdess



1630s Paulus Moreelse (Dutch artist, 1571-1638) Lady as Shepherdess



 1650 Gerrit van Honthorst (Dutch artist, 1592–1656)  Two Ladies as Shepherdesses



1650 David Teniers the Younger (Flemish artist, 1610–1690) Shepherdess



1681 attributed to Caspar Netscher (Dutch artist, 1639-1684) Lady with a Lamb



 1650-70s John Michael Wright (English artist, 1617-1694) Barbara Palmer (née Villiers), Duchess of Cleveland



 1660 Peter Lely (English artist, 1618-1680) Anne Crane Lady Belasyse as a Shepherdess



 1665 Peter Lely (English artist, 1618-1680) Unknown woman, formerly known as Elizabeth Hamilton, Countess de Gramont



 1675 Style of Peter Lely (English artist, 1618-1680) Unknown woman, formerly known as Eleanor ('Nell') Gwyn



 After Peter Lely (English artist, 1618-1680) Eleanor 'Nell' Gwyn (1651–1687) As Shepherdess with Lamb



 After Peter Lely (English artist, 1618-1680) Eleanor 'Nell' Gwyn (Gwynne) (1651–1687) As Shepherdess with Lamb



 Style of Peter Lely (English artist, 1618-1680) Barbara Villiers (1640–1709), Countess of Castlemaine and Duchess of Cleveland as Shepherdess with a Lamb



 Style of Peter Lely (English artist, 1618-1680) Louise de Keroualle (1649–1734), Duchess of Portsmouth



 Style of Peter Lely (English artist, 1618-1680) Portrait of a Courtesan



Style of Peter Lely (English artist, 1618-1680) Princess Isabella (1676–1681), Daughter of James II and Mary of Modena



 1660-80s Gaspar Smitz (Dutch artist, 1635-1707)  Portrait of an Unknown Lady as a Shepherdess



 1660s Follower of  Peter Lely (English artist, 1618-1680) Lucy Walter (1630–1658), as a Shepherdess



 1663 Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Self Portrait of the Artist as a Shepherdess with her Son Charles (1660-1714)



 1665 John Greenhill (English painter, c 1644-1676)  Portrait of a Lady as a Shepherdess



 1670 Karel Škréta (Czech painter, 1610–1674) Portrait of a girl as a Shepherdess



 1670-99 Unknown British artist, Barbara Villiers (1640–1709), Countess of Castlemaine and Duchess of Cleveland, as a Shepherdess



 1670s Elisabeth Sophie Cheron (French artist, 1648-1711) Self Portrait



 1675 Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Jane Fox, Lady Leigh as a Shepherdess



1713 Godrey Kneller (German-born English painter, 1646–1723) Lady Jane Jackson (d 1731)



 1710 Godfrey Kneller (German-born English artist, 1646-1723) Lady Mary Pierrepont, Later Wortley Montagu



 Godfrey Kneller (born Gottfried Kniller) (German-born English artist, 1646-1723)  Frances Whitmore



Godfrey Kneller (German-born English artist, 1646-1723) The Honourable Janet Ogilvie (1668–1743)



 1700s James Francis Maubert (Irish artist, 1666-1746) Portrait of Henrietta Duchess of Bolton



 1725 Charles Jervas or Charles Jarvis (Irish artist, c 1675-1739) Lady Rachel Cavendish (1697–1780), Lady Morgan, as a Shepherdess



 1725 Enoch Seeman the Younger (Polish-born artist, 1694–1745) Lady Rachel Cavendish (1697–1780), Lady Morgan, as a Shepherdess



 1725 Unknown artist often attr. to Charles Jervas or Charles Jarvis (Irish artist, c 1675-1739)  Mary Elizabeth Davenport, Mrs John Mytton, as a Girl, in Shepherdess Costume



 1740-50 Unknown British artist  Portrait of a Lady as a Shepherdess



 1750 Philippe Mercier (Philip Mercier) (French artist, 1689-1760)  Anne Fairfax as a Shepherdess



 1755 Maurice Quentin de La Tour (French artist, 1704-1788)  Madame de Pompadour as a Shepherdess



 1760 Carle Vanloo (French painter, 1705-1765)  A Lady and Gentleman as a Shepherd and Shepherdess



 1760 George Chalmers, (Scottish artist,  1720-1791) A Shepherdess in a Landscape



 1760 Studio of Boucher Madame Boucher as a Shepherdess



 1760s Francis Cotes, (English painter, 1726-1770)  Elizabeth Cust, Mrs Yorke as a Shepherdess



 1764  Joshua Reynolds (English artist, 1723-1792) Anne Dashwood, Countess Galloway as a Shepherdess



 1765 John Theodore Heins Jr.(British artist,1732-1771) Phoebe Fonnereau, as a Shepherdess



 1769 Joseph Wright Of Derby (British artist, 1734-1797)  Anna Ashton, later Mrs Thomas Case



 1790 Mary Hoare (English artist, 1753-1820)  Portrait of a Caroline Anne Brudedenell as a shepherdess



1790s Thomas Barker of Bath (British artist, 1769-1847) (style of) A Shepherdess and Sheep

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