Wednesday, May 18, 2016

Love in the Garden - 1430s-70 attrbuted to Master E. S.



Attributed to Master E.S.German (or conceivably Swiss) engraver, Southwestern Germany 1430s-1470 Also attributed to Master bxg , active c. 1470-1490 Pair Of Lovers

Master E. S., is derived from the monogram, E. S., which appears on eighteen of his prints. The title, Master, is used for unidentified artists who operated independently. He was probably the first printmaker to place his initials on his work. Remaining signed works by E. S. indicate that he was active in printmaking from 1450 to 1467, the latest date to appear on one of his prints. 


Attributed to Master E.S.German (or conceivably Swiss) engraver, Southwestern Germany 1430s-1470   The Garden of Love. The Master E. S.'s representation of the garden of love departs from pictorial tradition, which usually portrayed the scene as an idyllic realm of music, feasting, & games where women inspired dedicated service from their admirers. Here, however, the Master E. S. satirized the ideals of courtly love & warned against the immoral behavior forbidden by the Roman Catholic Church as well as local authorities. While the woman opening the man’s coat in the foreground represents temptation & sin, her companion, the fool, symbolizes lust. 


Attributed to Master E.S.German (or conceivably Swiss) engraver, Southwestern Germany 1430s-1470 Also attributed to Master bxg , active c. 1470-1490  Two Card Players in the Garden


Master E. S. probably came from southwestern Germany or Switzerland, as did the engraver called the Master of the Playing Cards. This view rests mainly on stylistic comparisons with the contemporary painting of that region. Although evidence indicates that he was most active in the Upper Rhine region, there also is evidence that he visited Mainz, to the south on the Rhine at the confluence of the Main River opposite Wiesbaden, a major economic & cultural center.


Attributed to Master E.S.German (or conceivably Swiss) engraver, Southwestern Germany 1430s-1470 Also attributed to Master bxg , active c. 1470-1490  Playing Music in the Garden

E. S. probably came from a background & training as a goldsmith, rather than as a painter. He sometimes used goldsmith punches in his prints & some works are clearly designs for metalwork. He was the first printmaker to sign his prints with an engraved monogram, which was standard practice on significant pieces of metalwork. He engraved 2 images of Saint Eligius, the patron-saint of goldsmiths. He liked to fill his engravings with decorative detail, sometimes overloading the composition, & only slowly does a sense of volume or recession develop in his work.


Attributed to Master E.S.German (or conceivably Swiss) engraver, Southwestern Germany 1430s-1470 Also attributed to Master bxg , active c. 1470-1490 Delilah Cutting Sampson’s Hair. c. 1460-1465. Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden. Dresden, Germany. 

Since his earliest prints show a practiced use of the burin, he is presumed to have worked as a goldsmith for some years before beginning printmaking.  His level of production of prints probably means that he worked on these only during his later years. Another important printmaker & goldsmith, Israhel van Meckenem, was probably his leading assistant at the end of his career & 41 of his plates passed to him, being reworked by van Meckenem.




Attributed to Master E.S.German (or conceivably Swiss) engraver, Southwestern Germany 1430s-1470Also attributed to Master bxg , active c. 1470-1490  Lovers On Horseback  (I know they are not in a garden, but I couldn't resist. Perhaps it is a park.)

Attributed to Master E.S.German (or to The Master of the Housebook) engraver, Germany.  The Garden of Love. Two Lovers in a Garden sitting on a raised bed.  The bed is raised inside wood to prevent plants becoming waterlogged, & grass treated as a flowery mead planted with low growing wild flowers plus a clever castle-design flower pot.  A bird seems entranced by the courting rituals of the humans or perhaps by the gentleman's pointy-to-the-extreme shoes.

Attributed to Master E.S.German (or conceivably Swiss) engraver, Southwestern Germany 1430s-1470  The Garden of 
love with chess-players, 3 couples assembled in a garden, enclosed by a fence; one lover to the right is depicted as a jester.



Attributed to Master E.S.German (or conceivably Swiss) engraver, Southwestern Germany 1430s-1470   The Garden of Love. 



Attributed to Master E.S.German (or conceivably Swiss) engraver, Southwestern Germany 1430s-1470  Detail The Garden of Love. 



Attributed to Master E.S.German (or conceivably Swiss) engraver, Southwestern Germany 1430s-1470   The Garden of Love. A young woman and man sit on either side of what looks to be a garden well, accompanied by a bag-pipe-playing jester & the lady's small spotted dog & the gentleman's larger, perhaps a bit distainful dog.  I am wondering if this is a traditional well or one of those fish-pond type fish stew ponds (where fish were purged of muddy water before cooking) to ensure a regular supply of meat/protein during the many fast days of the early Christian calendar.

A couple of images of random lovers...

Attributed to Master E.S.German (or conceivably Swiss) engraver, Southwestern Germany 1430s-1470 Pair of Lovers. No garden here, don't even know if they are outdoors, but I just couldn't resist.


 Attributed to Master E.S.German (or conceivably Swiss) engraver, Southwestern Germany 1430s-1470 Old Woman and Dancing Fool outdoors.

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