Tuesday, July 12, 2016

Beach Holiday with American Martha Walter 1875-1976


Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) At The Beach

Philadelphian Martha Walter studied at the Pennsylvania Museum & School of Industrial Art, now The University of the Arts College of Art and Design. At the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, she studied with William Merritt Chase. She was the daughter of George H. Walter and his wife Martha Crawford, who lived in Philadelphia.  Martha lived at home through 1910.

Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) On The Beach

She attended the Grande Chaumiere in Paris & the Academie Julian. While she was in France, Eugene Boudin proved to be another strong source of inspiration for her. Many of Walter's beach scenes exhibit varying tones of gray. She then opened her own studio in the Rue de Bagneaux with several other young American women artists.

Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) Pink and Purple Group

Upon her return to America, around the beginning of World War I, she favored the use of bright and intense colors as highlights in her beach scenes of Bass Rock, Gloucester and Atlantic City. Walter's influence throughout her career was chiefly derived from the work and teachings of William Merritt Chase.

Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) Beach Umbrella

She journeyed to the very places where Chase had painted - Shinnecock, Carmel, Paris, Holland, etc. Martha Walter had a studio in New York, taught at Chase's New York School of Art and had a studio in Gloucester, and even taught in Brittany. She was continually traveling back and forth to Paris.

Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) Crowded Beach

Walter visited Chattanooga, Tennessee, many times from 1903 to 1910, where she painted commissioned portraits and landscapes during the summer. In 1922, Martha Walter was given an exhibition of her paintings at the Galleries George Petit in Paris.

Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) La Plage

In the 1930s, she traveled to North Africa to paint her impressions of Tunis, Tripoli and Algiers. The harsh African sun lent the cafe scenes, camel markets, and souk transactions an intense but different color sense than her American and French subjects. From Africa, Walter traveled to the Dalmatian coast, where she settled for a long enough time to paint dozens of bustling market scenes.

Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) Biarritz France

Walter taught at the New York School of Art (later the Parsons School of Design), founded in 1896 by her mentor Chase. She also conducted painting classes on the French coast in the province of Brittany, and in Paris and Chicago. During the early years of the 20th century, the artist began seeking out distinctive national and ethnic subject matter in Europe, North Africa, and at home. Together with her friend, the Columbus, Ohio artist Alice Schille (1869–1955), she dedicated her summers to traveling abroad, while spending the rest of the year painting in America. Walter, who never married, continued to paint well into her 90s, until a few years before her death in 1976.

Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) Chairs at Brighton Beach


Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) Beach People 1910



Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) At the Beach



Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) At the Beach



Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) At the Seashore



Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) Bass Rocks



Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) Bathers on the Beach, Bass Rocks



Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) Crowded Beach



Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) Gloucester Beach



Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) Green Umbrellas



Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) Group Under Yellow Umbrella



Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) Hot Day at the Beach


Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) Large Yellow Japanese Umbrellas



Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) The Bathers 1933



Martha Walter (American Impressionist, 1875–1976) Leaving the Beach


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