Tuesday, August 2, 2016

Dog Days of Summer - Over 40 Dogs of the Middle Ages "rescued" from illuminations, tapestries, & even playing cards...

Dogs from the Middle Ages

 Vers 1495. Carreau du palais d'Isabelle d'Este à Mantoue.

 Regnault de Montauban, rédaction en prose. Regnault de Montauban, tome 1er Date d'édition 1451-1500

 Museum Meermanno, MMW, 10 B 25, Folio 15v

 15th century tapestry - detail of a dog

 Stuttgart playing cards, ca. 1430

 Medieval illumination of a dog, 14th century, from a Codex in the Czech Republic

 Piero della Francesca - detail of the dogs from St Sigismund and Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta

A Dog from the tapestry series The Lady and the Unicorn.

Unicorn tapestries hanging in the Queen’s Inner Hall of the Palace at Stirling Castle.

 A grayhound in Pisanello's Portrait of a Princess of the House of Este (c. 1440s)

 A Mounted Battle with Gillion and Ertan the Saracen (detail), Lieven van Lathem, after 1464

 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library 15C Book of Hours Bruges or Ghent 15C MS 287

 Bodleian Library, MS. Ashmole 1462, Folio 53r perhaps a greyhound

 Chaucerian dog

 Circle of Konrad Witz, Three Hunting Dogs (ca. 1440-45)

 Da Vinci Dachshunds

 Detail from Diana and her maidens hunting in L'Epitre Othea, c 1410-14

 Detail from the arrival of Isabeau of Bavaria at Paris c 1470-75

 Detail from the arrival of Isabeau of Bavaria at Paris c 1470-1475

 Detail from the arrival of the King of France with his army, Croiques d'Angleterre, 1479-80

 Dog (from Historia Plantarum, ms. 459, Biblioteca Casanatense, Rome)

 Domenico Cavalca , Vite di Santi Padri. Domenico Cavalca. Auteur du texte 1401-1500

Errol Le Cain illustration for The Thorn Rose Detail

 Erweckung des toten Knaben durch den Hl. Andreas - 1450 ; 1500  St. Pölten  Österreich Detail

 France circa 1490

 Gefangennahme des Hl. Johannes des Täufers 1498

Gualenghi-d'Este Hours Taddeo Crivelli, illuminator; Guglielmo Giraldi, illuminator Italian, Ferrara, about 1469

 Head of a Greyhound,  Antonio Puccio Pisano (Pisanello) (c. 1395-c.1455)

 Horae ad usum Parisiensem [Grandes Heures de Jean de Berry 1400-10

Loyset Liedet, (active 1448-1478), The Garden of Love, Vellum, Dimensions unknown, Paris, Bibliotheque de I'Arsenat

 Medieval Bestiary  Dog

 Medieval Bestiary Dog

 Medieval Dogs

 Pisanello, Pisano Antonio di Puccio (fl 1395-1455) Lourve

 Pisanello, Pisano Antonio di Puccio (fl 1395-1455)

 The Annunciation to the Shepherds (detail), Spitz Master, c1420

 Detail from Lucas Cranach the Elder. Die Melancholie 1531

 z Late 13C France U 964 Biblia Porta Lausanne, Bibliothèque Cantonale et Universitaire

Taddeo Crivelli, white sleeping dog from the Bible of Borso d'Este, 1455

Dog Days of Summer is the name for the most sultry period of summer, from about July 3 to Aug. 11. Named in early times by observers in countries bordering the Mediterranean, the period was determined to extend from 20 days before to 20 days after the conjunction of Sirius (the dog star) & the sun.  The Greek poets Hesiod (ca. 750-650 BCE) & Aratus (ca. 310–240 BCE) refer, in their writings, to "the heat of late summer that the Greeks believed was actually brought on by the appearance of Sirius," a star in the constellation, that the later Romans, & we today refer to as Canis Major, literally the "greater dog" constellation. Homer, in the Iliad, references the association of "Orion's dog" (Sirius) with oncoming heat, fevers, & evil, in describing the approach of Achilles toward Troy:
Sirius rises late in the dark, liquid sky
On summer nights, star of stars,
Orion's Dog they call it, brightest
Of all, but an evil portent, bringing heat
And fevers to suffering humanity.

The term "dog days" was used by the Greeks in Aristotle's Physics.  Astronomer Geminus, around 70 B.C., wrote: "It is generally believed that Sirius produces the heat of the 'dog days,' but this is an error, for the star merely marks a season of the year when the sun"s heat is the greatest." The lectionary of 1559 edition of the Episcopal Book of Common Prayer indicates: "Naonae. Dog days begin" with the readings for July 7 & end August 18. But the readings for September 5 indicate: "Naonae. Dog days end."  This corresponds very closely to the lectionary of the 1611 edition of the King James Bible which indicates the Dog Days beginning on July 6 & ending on September 5.

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