Wednesday, August 10, 2016

Dog Days of Summer - Pierre Auguste Renoir (1841-1919)


Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist Painter, 1841-1919) Head of Dog 1870


Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist Painter, 1841-1919) Madame Georges Charpentier and her Children, Georgette and Paula



Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist Painter, 1841-1919) Tama the Japanese Dog


Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist Painter, 1841-1919) Young Woman With A Dog 1876


Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist Painter, 1841-1919) The Inn Of Mother Anthony 1866


Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist Painter, 1841-1919) Woman With A Black Dog


Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist Painter, 1841-1919) Woman In Blue And Zaza In A Landscape


Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist Painter, 1841-1919) Madame Renoir With Bob 1910


Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist Painter, 1841-1919) The Cup Of Tea


Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist Painter, 1841-1919) Madame Renoir With A Dog 1880


Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist Painter, 1841-1919) Portrait of Madame Hagen 1883


Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist Painter, 1841-1919) Girl with Dog 1888


Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist Painter, 1841-1919) Detail from the Luncheon of the Boating Party


Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist Painter, 1841-1919) Apple Vendor c 1889 (This is either a dog or a seal out of water!)


Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist Painter, 1841-1919) The Henriot Family 1871


Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French Impressionist Painter, 1841-1919) Misa Sert with Lap Dog

Dog Days of Summer is the name for the most sultry period of summer, from about July 3 to Aug. 11. Named in early times by observers in countries bordering the Mediterranean, the period was determined to extend from 20 days before to 20 days after the conjunction of Sirius (the dog star) & the sun.  The Greek poets Hesiod (ca. 750-650 BCE) & Aratus (ca. 310–240 BCE) refer, in their writings, to "the heat of late summer that the Greeks believed was actually brought on by the appearance of Sirius," a star in the constellation, that the later Romans, & we today refer to as Canis Major, literally the "greater dog" constellation. Homer, in the Iliad, references the association of "Orion's dog" (Sirius) with oncoming heat, fevers, & evil, in describing the approach of Achilles toward Troy:
Sirius rises late in the dark, liquid sky
On summer nights, star of stars,
Orion's Dog they call it, brightest
Of all, but an evil portent, bringing heat
And fevers to suffering humanity.

The term "dog days" was used by the Greeks in Aristotle's Physics.  Astronomer Geminus, around 70 B.C., wrote: "It is generally believed that Sirius produces the heat of the 'dog days,' but this is an error, for the star merely marks a season of the year when the sun"s heat is the greatest." The lectionary of 1559 edition of the Episcopal Book of Common Prayer indicates: "Naonae. Dog days begin" with the readings for July 7 & end August 18. But the readings for September 5 indicate: "Naonae. Dog days end."  This corresponds very closely to the lectionary of the 1611 edition of the King James Bible which indicates the Dog Days beginning on July 6 & ending on September 5.






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