Friday, July 30, 2010

Woman Artist - Annie Albers (1899-1994)

“A longing for excitement can be satisfied without external means, within oneself; for creating is the most intense excitement on can come to know.” Anni Albers

Anni Albers, Ancient Writing, 1936 Rayon, Linen, Cotton, and Jute

Josef & Anni Albers were pioneers of 20th-century modernism. Josef Albers (1888-1976) was a teacher, writer, painter, & color theorist—now best known for the Homages to the Square he painted between 1950 & 1976 & for his innovative 1963 publication The Interaction of Color.

Anni Albers, City, 1949 Linen and cotton pictorial weaving

Anni Albers (1899-1994) was a textile designer, weaver, writer, and printmaker who inspired a reconsideration of fabrics as an art form, both in their functional roles & as wallhangings.

Anni Albers, Dotted, 1959 Rep-woven ground with multicolored knots

The couple met in Weimar, Germany in 1922 at the Bauhaus. This new teaching institution, known for its effects on all modern design, had been founded 2 years earlier, &emphasized the connection between artists, architects, & craftspeople.

Anni Albers, From the East, 1963 Cotton and Plastic

In November 1933 Josef & Anni Albers emigrated to the USA where Josef had been asked to make the visual arts the center of the curriculum at the newly established Black Mountain College near Asheville in North Carolina.

Anni Albers, Intersecting, 1962 Cotton and Rayon

They remained at Black Mountain until 1949. Josef continued his exploration of a range of printmaking techniques & took off as an abstract painter, while continuing as a captivating teacher & writer.

Anni Albers, Pasture, 1958 Mercerized cotton

Anni made extraordinary weavings, developed new textiles, & taught, while also writing essays on design that reflected her independent & passionate vision.

Anni Albers, Red and Blue Layers, 1954 Cotton

During this time Josef & Anni Albers traveled widely both in the United States and Mexico, a country that captivated their imagination & had a strong effect on both of their art.

Anni Albers, Red Meander, 1954 Linen and cotton

In 1950, the Alberses moved to Connecticut.

Anni Albers, Sheep May Safely Graze, 1958 Cotton

From 1950 to 1958 Josef Albers was chairman of the Department of Design at the Yale University School of Art.


Anni Albers, South of the Border, 1958 Cotton and Wool

After his death in 1976, Anni Albers continued to weave, design, & write.


Anni Albers, Sunny, 1965 Cotton and Linen

In 1963, she began to explore the new medium of printmaking & produced a group of lithographs & screenprints of great spatial & textural complexity.


Anni Albers, Tikal, 1958 Cotton, plain and leno weave

Anni Albers, Two, 1952 Linen, cotton and rayon

Anni Albers, Under Way, 1963 Cotton, Linen, and Wool

Anni Albers, Wall Hanging, 1925 Wool and silk.