Friday, October 11, 2013

American Expatriate Romaine Brooks 1874-1970


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Self  Portrait 1905


Known for her androgynous female portraits in shades of grey, green, black, & white, Romaine Brooks was an American citizen who spent much of her early life in Paris fleeing from the emotional abuse of her insane mother & brother.


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Self Portrait 1912


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Self Portrait at the Sea 1914


She was born Beatrice Romaine Goddard into a wealthy Pennsylvania family, whose father had abandoned the family before she was born. In 1899, she left for for art school, studying at the Scuola Nazionale in Rome & the Academie Colarossi in Paris, primarily because they admitted women.


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Self Portrait 1923


For a while, she made her home on the Isle of Capri, becoming part of its Anglo-American expatriate community & growing gay culture.


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Ida Rubinstein 1917


In 1902, her emotionally abusive & dependent mother & brother both died, and she inherited a large fortune allowing her independence. She lived in London, & when she determined to become an artist, she moved to Paris, becoming part of the Left Bank community.


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Elisabeth de Gramont Duchesse de Clermont Tonerre 1912


In 1910, she had a solo exhibition of her work in the Galeries Durand-Ruel in Paris.


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) The Piano


In 1911, she began a 3-year relationship with Ida Rubinstein, a Russian dancer. By WWII, Brooks was living with Natalie Barney, American poet & expatriate, visiting the Paris literary salons.


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) The Pink Dress, The Debutante 1910-11


In 1925, she had had major exhibitions of her work in New York, Paris, & London. She painted very little after these shows, becoming increasingly reclusive, devoting herself almost exclusively to creating line drawings & to writing her memoirs. She eventually retreated to her home in southern France, where she lived to age 96.


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Portrait of a Girl 1910


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Dame en Deuil 1910


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Femme Avec Des Fleurs” or “Spring”, 1912


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Madame Errazuris 1908-10


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) La Veste en Soie Verte 1907


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Le Bonnet a Brides 1904


 Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) The Charwoman 1904


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Jean Cocteau à l'époque de la grande rue, 1912


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) The Cross of France 1914


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Elsie de Wolfe Jeune Fille Anglaise--Yeux et Rubans Verts 1920


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Peter Young, A Young English Girl, the Artist Gluck 1923-24


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Natalie Barney, L'Amazone, 1920


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Renata Borgatti, Au Piano 1920


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Chasseresse 1920


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Una, Lady Troubridge, 1924


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Emile d'Erlanger 1924


Romaine Brooks, (American expatriate artist, 1874-1970) Muriel Draper 1936


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