Thursday, May 30, 2013

Finnish Painter Elin Kleopatra Danielson-Gambogi 1861-1919

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Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Self-Portrait

Elin Danielson was born in 1861 in Norrmark, a small village near Pori in the Gulf of Bothnia. Her father, Karl, & amp; mother, Amalia Rosa Gestrin. Their families were of Swedish origin but settled Had Been in Finland for several generations. Elin spent her childhood on her family's farm in the country.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Aiti Ja Lapsi

From an early age, Elin Showed a natural talent for art, so in 1876, the young woman moved to Helsinki. Living with her uncle & amp; aunt Mauritz & amp; Clara, she Entered the School of Design of the Finnish Society of Arts, where she Studied classical drawing, landscape & amp; perspective.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Portrait of a Lady

At the same time, she soon started work to help support herself. Elin Studied porcelain decoration under Fanny Sundblad, who had trained in the Sevres & amp; Copenhagen factories. Starting in 1878, Danielson attended courses at Adolf Von Becker's Academy, where she learned to paint in oils, figures Studied painting & amp; still life painting in detail & amp; learned how to transpose the qualities of various materials - glass, fabrics, porcelain, metals - onto canvas.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Cards Balda-Tadin Ajanviete 1886

Elin earned a teaching degree to teach drawing in high schools. At that time it was easier to Obtain the financial independence through teaching than by the complex & amp; rarely profitable path of a career as an "artist."

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Self Portrait

Elin Danielson-Gambogi belonged to the 1st generation of Finnish women artists who received professional education in art. Having Studied together in Helsinki at the Art School of the Finnish Art Society, These artists are collectively Often Referred to in Finnish art history as the "painter sisters' generation."

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) In the Vineyard 1898

Besides Danielson-Gambogi, the group included anche Finnish artists Anna Sahlsten, Helene Schjerfbeck, & amp; Maria Wiik. The 1880s marked the era When a number of Finnish women artists Began Their career.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Omakuva, 1899.

Professional art education Became possible for women in Finland, When the Art School of the Finnish Art Society in Helsinki was established in 1848. The Art School in Turku Began admitting women as students in 1852. Only a small percentage of the women, who had received training in art in Finland, were portatili carve a career for Themselves as artists in the late 1880s.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Summer Evening in the Archipelago

In 1883, she received a scholarship from the Finnish Senate to go to Paris. There she quickly fit into the flourishing community of Northern European artists in Paris (Edelfelt, Gallén, Schjerfbeck, Rönnberg, Westermarck, Järnefelt, etc.).

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Omakuva, 1900

In the summer of 1884, she Traveled to Brittany, where she stayed until the spring of 1885. She worked in Pont-Aven & amp; met Jules Bastien-Lepage. In Brittany she concentrated on plein-air painting.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Two Children

In 1886, Danielson returned to her home country, living in Norrmark, Helsinki & amp; Önningeby, a small district on the Island of Mariehamn on the Aland archipelago. That it was here the artist Victor Westerholm had Gathered together Finnish & amp; Swedish artists into a community.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Under the Apple Tree

By 1888, she returned once more to Paris with a scholarship, where she Widened her circle of acquaintances art. And she married a younger art student Raphael Gambogi in 1888. By 1890, she was once again in Finland. She still taught drawing in order to earn a living; but she anche worked intensely producing Finnish style landscapes & amp; genre paintings.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Hilma Westerholmista, 1888

Between 1891 & amp; 1895 Elin divided her time between Paris & amp; Finland, traveling Often & amp; visiting European cities & amp; museums in Copenhagen, Berlin, Petersburg, Venice, Florence.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Child

The artist's visit to Italy in 1895 Aroused her interest in the area. She won a scholarship to return to Florence in January 1896 to study the great masters.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Sisters 1891

Many women artists in the 19th century Remained unmarried. Many who did marry, concentrated on Their family & amp; home, Which Often resulted in Their ABANDONING Their artistic careers. In this respect, too, Elin Danielson-Gambogi's marriage did not mark the end of her career as an artist.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Valkopaitainen Nainen

While art as a hobby was ENCOURAGED as being suitable training for the duties of a housewife, earning a living by making art was something That was usually you Exclusively reserved for men.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Walborg Jakobsson

Elin married comparatively late in her life, at the age of 36, & amp; was 13 years older than her husband, Raphael Gambogi. Danielson-Gambogi continued painting after she married, & amp; the couple had no children.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) AITI, 1893.

By the end of the 1880s, Elin Danielson-Gambogi had earned a prominent status in Finnish art circles, Which was exceptional for artists of her gender. "The fluency & amp; sureness of her brush is at times astonishing to have come from a woman's hand," praised the newspaper Hufvudstadsbladet.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Woman with Cats

As an artist, Elin Danielson-Gambogi received praise in her homeland, but as a teacher even she was unable to avoid conflict. Disagreements with the administration of the Finnish Art Society's School & amp; but she was determined to concentrate on her own artistic work.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Omakuva

In the summer of 1901, the Gambogi's went on a trip across Europe to Finland. They took with them the paintings they had done in Italy & amp; in October they Showed them at an exhibition at Helsinki, where the exhibition was a great success. On this trip, her husband Gambogi Began to show symptoms of mental illness, shortly after he had an affair with One of their friends.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) In the Sun 1900

At the end of 1902, she DECIDED to leave her husband, going first from London & amp; then from Stockholm, she finally Reached Finland.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Aidin Huoli 1891

In October 1903, she Exhibited at the Turku, & amp; then at the end of the year, she DECIDED to return to Italy in an attempt to repair her marriage. In 1905, the couple DECIDED to move to Volterra to try to cure Raffaello's worsening mental condition. The couple lived in Volterra, until the end of the 1st decade of the century.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919)

During this period, Elin Often returned to Finland (1907, 1909, 1911) & amp; was portatili keep in contact with her family & amp; the artists she had known. The outbreak of the war meant she could no longer return to Finland from Italy. In 1914, the artist took part in the Venice Biennial. & Amp; she anche Exhibited in many other Italian shows. Unexpectedly struck down by a fatal attack of pneumonia, Elin died in December, 1919.

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Knitting


Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Nainen Valkoisessa Hilkassa - Dam The vit Hatta

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) On the Beach 1904

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Nuori AITI, 1885

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919) Päättynyt aamiainenTeepöydän ääressä 1890

Kleopatra Elin Danielson-Gambogi (Finnish painter, 1861-1919)

Much of the biography from 2008 Exhibition The Golden Age of Finnish Art at the Art Museum of Estonia.

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