Sunday, February 27, 2011

Society Artist Gyula Batthyany 1887-1959 of Hungary


Gyula Batthyany (Hungarian artist, 1887-1959) Polo 1908

Gyula Batthyany was a pupil of Vaszary in Budapest, after which, he went on to study painting in Munich & Paris. After a number of exhibitions in the Ernst Museum in Budapest, he exhibited in Berlin in 1931. Toward the end of his life he painted a series of illustrations of the history of the world & Hungary. He was a founder of the Bicske Art School & a member of the Benczur Society.


Gyula Batthyany (Hungarian artist, 1887-1959) Carousel c 1910 

Gyula Batthyany (Hungarian artist, 1887-1959) Courtesans in Paris c 1910


Gyula Batthyany (Hungarian artist, 1887-1959) Masked Ball 1920s


Gyula Batthyany (Hungarian artist, 1887-1959) Hatted Women c 1930



Friday, February 25, 2011

1st Hungarian Modern Artist Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (1853–1919) Paints a Bold, Colorful Lebanon

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Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian painter, 1853-1919) Bird of Prey in 1893


Although Csontváry lived until he was 60, His creative period was very short, from about 1890 to 1909, Consisting of about 100 paintings Which are Generally seen to be the first modern art in Hungary. Because of His unstable mental health, he only started to study painting formally at age 41, first in Munich under Hollósy Simon, then in Karlsruhe under Kallmorgen. During the early 1890s, His paintings of landscapes, animals, & amp; women were fairly traditional.


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian painter, 1853-1919) Deer 1893


In 1895, Csontváry Traveled to Dalmatia & amp; Italy to paint landscape studies. In 1903, he went to the Near East in search of the "great motif." He was inspired by Lebanon. The dramatic, expressive representation of Lebanon's "Balbeck" is the last piece of this period, Which caratterizzata His pantheism & amp; His expressive use of colors.


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Woman by Window 1890


Baalbek (Arabic: بعلبك) is a town in the Bekaa Valley of Lebanon, east of the Litani River. It is famous for its exquisitely detailed yet monumentally scaled temple ruins of the Roman period, When Baalbek, then known as Heliopolis, was one of the largest sanctuaries in the Empire. Baalbek is Lebanon's greatest Roman treasure & amp; I can be counted among the wonders of the ancient world, with the largest & amp; most noble Roman temples ever built.


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Woman Peeling Apple c 1894


Csontváry Traveled to Lebanon in 1907. His symbolic paintings with mysterious atmospheres were painted there: "Lonely Cedar;" "Pilgrimage to the Cedars in Lebanon;" & Amp; "Mary's Journey in Nazareth."


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Baalbek 1906


His exhibits in 1907, 1908, & amp; 1910, did not bring Csontváry the recognition he had so earnestly hoped for. The last major canvas. "Riding along the Beach" was painted in Naples in 1909. After His loneliness That & amp; schizophrenia created such a severe mental condition, That Csontváry was unable to create anything else but random sketches of surrealistic visions.


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Baalbek detail 1906


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Baalbek detail 1906


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Baalbek detail 1906


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Baalbek detail 1906


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Pilgrimage to the Cedars of Lebanon
 1907


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Sacrificial Stone in 1906-07 Baaltec


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Self Portrait 1900
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Thursday, February 24, 2011

The Softer Side of German Colorist Emil Nolde 1867-1956

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Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) White Tree Trunks 1908
Emil Nolde wrote, "Colors, the materials of the painter; colors in their own lives, weeping and laughing, dream and bliss, hot and sacred, like love songs and the erotic, like songs and glorious chorals! Colors in vibration, pealing like silver bells and clanging like bronze bells, proclaiming happiness, passion and love, soul, blood, and death."Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) Couple sur la plage 1903
Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956)
Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956)
Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) Blue Sea and Red Clouds
Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956)
Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956)
Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) Couple 1931
Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) Lake Luceren 1930.

The Stormy Life of German Colorist Emil Nolde 1867-1956

. Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956)
Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) was a German painter & printmaker. He was one of the first Expressionists (even though he did not consider himself an Elpressionist), a member of Die Brücke, and is considered to be one of the great colorists of the 20th century.

Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) Abendhimmel
He was born Emil Hansen, the son of a peasant family living in the coastal Schleswig area of Germany near the Danish border. He trained as a woodcarver; & at age 21 moved to Munich to work carving ornamental furniture moldings. He taught crafts for 6 years at the Museum of Industry & Trade in St. Gallen, Switzerland. He began to study art full time in 1898, at age 31, which took him back to Munich & briefly to Paris & Copenhagen, where he discovered the art of Vincent Van Gogh.

Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956)
In 1906, his evolving expressionist style of painting earned him membership in Die Brücke in Dresden and later the "New Secession" in Berlin, but his aloof & irritable personality caused a break with both groups within a year or two.

Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) Stormy Sunset
Nolde was a supporter of the Nazi party from the early 1920s, having become a member of its Danish section. He expressed negative opinions about Jewish artists, and considered Expressionism to be a distinctively Germanic style.

Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956)
However Hitler rejected all forms of modernism as "degenerate art," & the Nazi regime officially condemned Nolde's work. Until that time he had been held in great prestige in Germany. Soon after, 1052 of his works were removed from museums, more than those of any other artist. Some were included in the Degenerate Art exhibition of 1937, despite his protests.

Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) The Sea 1913
Nolde was not allowed to paint - even in private — after 1941. Nevertheless, during this period he created hundreds of watercolors calling them the "Unpainted Pictures." After World War II, Nolde was once again honoured, receiving the German Order of Merit, West Germany's highest civilian decoration.

Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) Self Portrait
In 1942 Nolde wrote, "There is silver blue, sky blue and thunder blue. Every colour holds within it a soul, which makes me happy or repels me, and which acts as a stimulus. To a person who has no art in him, colours are colours, tones tones...and that is all. All their consequences for the human spirit, which range between heaven to hell, just go unnoticed.".

Sunday, February 20, 2011

Women Artists - American Miniaturists the Goodridge Sisters, Daniel Webster, Whigs, & the Daring Miniature

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Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Self-Portrait c 1825
Miniaturist Sarah Goodridge (or sometimes Goodrich, 1788-1853) was born the 6th of 9 children near Templeton, Massachusetts in 1788. It is said that as a child, she came across a book on drawing & painting & taught herself to draw. Growing up on a farm, with little money to buy paper, she drew her earliest pictures on the sanded kitchen floor with a stick or on sheets of peeled birch bark with a pin. Sarah's younger sister Eliza Goodridge (1798-1882) may have found the same book, as she also painted miniatures.

Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Self Portrait 1830
Sarah Goodridge taught school for several summers in Templeton & began making portraits in crayon & watercolor of friends for a fee. After the death of their father, Sarah moved to Boston in 1820, to live with her sister Eliza. There Sarah was able to expand her birch-bark, crayon, & watercolor techniques by taking a few lessons from a miniaturist, probably Elkanah Tisdale from Hartford, & by visiting portraitist Gilbert Stuart for advice. She soon began earning a living by painting miniature portraits. By 1830, Sarah Goodridge was a leading miniaturist in Boston, completing up to 3 portraits a week; supporting her sick mother & her orphaned niece; & maintianing a studio there. The Boston Athenaeum held 5 exhibitions of her work between 1827 & 1835. She never married, but she achieved a more prominent legacy in history than her sister Eliza, perhaps because of her superior artistic abilities or perhaps because of a gift she painted for an intimate, influential friend.

Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Daniel Webster 1825
She developed an ongoing love relationship with Boston lawyer & politician Daniel Webster (1782-1852), who was married with 3 children, when she painted his 1st portrait. He sat for at least 12 more portraits over the next 25 years. Their friendship is documented in 44 letters, that Webster wrote to Goodridge between 1827 & 1851. She carefully preserved his letters to her; he destroyed her letters to him. His first wife, Grace, died in January, 1828.

Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Beauty Revealed Inscribed 1828 & presented to Daniel Webster by the artist

After Webster’s 1st wife died, Goodridge painted for her intimate friend a daring miniature self-portrait of her bare breasts naming it Beauty Revealed. Webster may have been appreciative of her gift, but he was an ambitious man who needed significant amounts of capital to fuel his conservative political ambitions. He chose his new wife, Caroline LeRoy, from a wealthy & prominent family. They married in December, 1829. Sarah Goodrich, who rarely left Boston & Worcester, twice traveled to Washington, in 1828 & 1841, to visit her high visibility confidant Daniel Webster. As for the 1828 miniature Beauty Revealed, Webster kept it hidden among his personal effects until the day he died. Today it is on display for all the world to see in the permanent collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.

Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Self Portrait Painting a Miniature 1845
In 1850, due to failing eyesight, Sarah Goodridge retired to a house she bought in Reading, Massachusetts. Three years later she died of a stroke at the age of 65. In 1849, at the age of 51, Eliza Goodridge married Colonel Ephriam Stone, who owned a general store & sawmill in Templeton, Massachusetts. Eliza lived until 1882.

Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Girl Called Persis, Child of Mrs Solomon Sargent
Sarah Goodridge Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Sarah Appleton with Cat

Sarah Goodrich (American miniaturist, 1788-1853) Sarah Goodrich Mrs Solomon Sargent (Fanny Osgood)
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Lydia Stiles Foster (1806-87) c 1838
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Mary Maccarty Stiles (1807-1872) c 1825
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Mary Stiles Newcomb (1807-1872) c 1840
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Rebecca Faulkner Foster (1761-1834) c 1830
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Julia Porter Dwight 1832
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Sophia Dwight Foster Burnside (1787-1871) c 1830
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Lydia Stiles (1806-1887) c. 1825
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Mary Maccarty Stiles (1775-1838) c 1825
Eliza Goodridge (American miniaturist, 1798-1882) Mary Maccarty Stiles (1807-72) c 1837.