Friday, February 25, 2011

1st Hungarian Modern Artist Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (1853–1919) Paints a Bold, Colorful Lebanon

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Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian painter, 1853-1919) Bird of Prey in 1893


Although Csontváry lived until he was 60, His creative period was very short, from about 1890 to 1909, Consisting of about 100 paintings Which are Generally seen to be the first modern art in Hungary. Because of His unstable mental health, he only started to study painting formally at age 41, first in Munich under Hollósy Simon, then in Karlsruhe under Kallmorgen. During the early 1890s, His paintings of landscapes, animals, & amp; women were fairly traditional.


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian painter, 1853-1919) Deer 1893


In 1895, Csontváry Traveled to Dalmatia & amp; Italy to paint landscape studies. In 1903, he went to the Near East in search of the "great motif." He was inspired by Lebanon. The dramatic, expressive representation of Lebanon's "Balbeck" is the last piece of this period, Which caratterizzata His pantheism & amp; His expressive use of colors.


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Woman by Window 1890


Baalbek (Arabic: بعلبك) is a town in the Bekaa Valley of Lebanon, east of the Litani River. It is famous for its exquisitely detailed yet monumentally scaled temple ruins of the Roman period, When Baalbek, then known as Heliopolis, was one of the largest sanctuaries in the Empire. Baalbek is Lebanon's greatest Roman treasure & amp; I can be counted among the wonders of the ancient world, with the largest & amp; most noble Roman temples ever built.


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Woman Peeling Apple c 1894


Csontváry Traveled to Lebanon in 1907. His symbolic paintings with mysterious atmospheres were painted there: "Lonely Cedar;" "Pilgrimage to the Cedars in Lebanon;" & Amp; "Mary's Journey in Nazareth."


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Baalbek 1906


His exhibits in 1907, 1908, & amp; 1910, did not bring Csontváry the recognition he had so earnestly hoped for. The last major canvas. "Riding along the Beach" was painted in Naples in 1909. After His loneliness That & amp; schizophrenia created such a severe mental condition, That Csontváry was unable to create anything else but random sketches of surrealistic visions.


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Baalbek detail 1906


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Baalbek detail 1906


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Baalbek detail 1906


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Baalbek detail 1906


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Pilgrimage to the Cedars of Lebanon
 1907


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Sacrificial Stone in 1906-07 Baaltec


Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Self Portrait 1900
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