Wednesday, June 27, 2012

Japanese Americans in the USA before & after Pearl Harbor by Henry Sugimoto 1900-1990

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An immigrant story of  World War II is often forgotten.  Ten weeks after the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Executive Order 9066, authorizing the removal of any or all people from military areas "as deemed necessary or desirable." The military defined the entire West Coast, home to the majority of Americans of Japanese ancestry or citizenship, as a military area. By June, more than 110,000 Japanese Americans were relocated to remote internment camps built by the U.S. military in scattered locations around the country. For the next 2 1/2 years, many of these Japanese Americans endured extremely difficult living conditions & poor treatment by their military guards.

On December 17, 1944, U.S. Major General Henry C. Pratt issued Public Proclamation No. 21, declaring that, effective January 2, 1945, Japanese-American "evacuees" from the West Coast could return to their homes. During the course of World War II, 10 Americans were convicted of spying for Japan, but not one of them was of Japanese ancestry. In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed a bill to recompense each surviving internee with a tax-free check for $20,000 & an apology from the U.S. government.

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Going to America

Henry Sugimoto was born in 1900 in Wakayama, Japan, and lived until the year 1990, when he died in the United States. During his lifetime, he created hundreds of works of original art, many pieces depicting the everyday lives of Japanese Americans in the World War II concentration camps, the experiences of Japanese American soldiers, and the Issei experience.

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Working on a Farm

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Washing Dishes

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Picking Grapes

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Working on the Railroad

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Hearing News of Pearl Harbor

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Immediately Taking Japanese Teachers to Camps

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) My Papa. Taking Japanese Men to Camps

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Junk Shop Man Taking Refrigerator Without Paying for It

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Goodybye, Mary

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Planting Vegetables at Camp

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Family in Camp Room

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Mother in Camp Jerome

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Our Mess Hall in Camp Jerome

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Susie Ironing Camp Room

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Our Washroom in Camp Jerome

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Susie in Camp Jerome

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Going to the Shower at the Camp

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) No Japanese Wanted

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Bye Bye, Daddy

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Goodbye, My Son

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Praying for Safety

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Died in the Battlefield

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Returning the Flag to President Truman

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Naturalization Ceremony

Henry Sugimoto (Japanese American artist, 1900-1990) Self Portrait

Copyright for these paintings is held by the Japanese American National Museum. Short-term educational use with limited circulation is permitted. For all other uses, please contact the Hirasaki National Resource Center at the Japanese American National Museum .
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Japanese American women by Hideo Date 1907-2004

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There are many immigration stories in the USA.  During the opening months of World War II, almost 120,000 Japanese Americans, two-thirds of them citizens of the United States, were forced out of their homes and into detention camps established by the U.S. government. Many would spend the next three years living under armed guard, behind barbed wire.

Hideo Date (Japanese American, 1907-2004) 1930s

Hideo Date (1907-2004) was born in Osaka, Japan & immigrated to California in 1923. He enrolled at the Otis Art Institute in Los Angeles, but left after a year to pursue the study of traditional brush painting in Japan. Returning to Los Angeles, he spent the 1930s immersed in the burgeoning Los Angeles art scene. He exhibited at the College Art Association, the Foundation of Western Art, the Los Angeles Oriental Artists Group, & the Los Angeles Art Association. With the outbreak of World War II, Date was first detained at the Santa Anita Race Track, California, & then sent to Heart Mountain concentration camp in Wyoming, where he privately taught art to other Japanese American inmates. He went to New York City after the war & continued to involve himself with other artists & associations. He traveled extensively from his New York City base to New Orleans & back to Los Angeles, & also to Italy & France.

Hideo Date (Japanese American, 1907-2004) Aida 1930s

Hideo Date (Japanese American, 1907-2004) c 1930s

Hideo Date (Japanese American, 1907-2004) Cathleen 1930s

Hideo Date (Japanese American, 1907-2004) Dream 1948

Hideo Date (Japanese American, 1907-2004) Frieda 1930s

Hideo Date (Japanese American, 1907-2004) Mary Campbell 1930s

Hideo Date (Japanese American, 1907-2004) Nostalgia 1930s

Hideo Date (Japanese American, 1907-2004) Nostalgia 1930s


Copyright for these images is held by the Japanese American National Museum. Please contact the Hirasaki National Resource Center at the Japanese American National Museum .
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