Tuesday, October 23, 2012

Evolution of Portraits from German Realist Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl (1844–1900)



Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl (German artist, 1844–1900) Die junge Pariserin 1869


Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl, German realist painter of portraits & genre scenes, entered the Munich Academy in 1864. He worked from 1866 to 1868 under Avon Ramberg; & in 1869, under Karl von Piloty. In 1870, he went to Paris to study with Gustave Courbet, but returned to Munich after only 9 months because of the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War. He lived in Munich for 3 years, & then moved from village to village in Bavaria drawing on the local peasant life for subject matter.


Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl (German artist, 1844–1900) Bildnis der Frau Helene Auspitz c 1870


Leibl's painting was a reaction to the Romantic naturalism then prevalent in Germany. Like that of Courbet in France, Leibl's objective style was based on a direct, careful recording of nature, objects, figures, & situations. Later he abandoned the hard brilliance of his early works & drew softer, more obscure outlines of his subjects.


Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl (German artist, 1844–1900) Lina Kirchdorffer 1871


Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl (German artist, 1844–1900) Lina Kirchdorffer 1872


Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl (German artist, 1844–1900) Bauernmädchen mit weißem Kopftuch 1878


Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl (German artist, 1844–1900) Countess Rosine Treuberg 1878


Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl (German artist, 1844–1900) Kopf eines Bauernmädchens 1879


Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl (German artist, 1844–1900) Bildnis der Frau Apotheker Rieder 1893


Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl (German artist, 1844–1900) Bauernmädchen 1895


Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl (German artist, 1844–1900) Bildnis Felicia Kirchdorffer 1896


Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl (German w4 artist, 1844–1900) Felicia Kirchdorffer, the Niece of the Artist 1896


Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl (German artist, 1844–1900) Miesbacher Bauerin 1896


Wilhelm Maria Hubertus Leibl (German artist, 1844–1900) Bavarian Girl 1897

1930s America's Great Depression - O. Louis Guglielmi (1906-1956)



Osvaldo Louis Guglielmi (American painter, 1906-1956) Subway Exit 1946

Born in Cairo, Egypt, of Italian parents, O. Louis Guglielmi (1906-1956) was sensitive to the changing social scene during his brief 50-year life. The family soon moved to Italy, traveling because of his father's employment as a professional violinist. In 1914, they made Harlem's Italian slum in New York City their home. Personal experience with homelessness, hunger, & society's unfortunates strongly affected young Guglielmi's art. During the Great Depression, the WPA and Public Works Administration employed him between 1934 & 1939, as he combined symbolism with manipulation of light, color, space, & scale. He compassionately portrayed ordinary people, especially the disadvantaged, showing them sitting in front of tenements, bored by the tedium of unemployment or forced onto welfare rolls, their dignity barely intact. After 3 years in the army, he quickly resumed painting & taught at Louisiana State University and the New School for Social Research in New York City. In his last years, he painted completely abstract works.

Osvaldo Louis Guglielmi (American painter, 1906-1956) Connecticut Autumn 1937

Osvaldo Louis Guglielmi (American painter, 1906-1956) Wedding

Osvaldo Louis Guglielmi (American painter, 1906-1956) Martyr Hill 1933-34

Osvaldo Louis Guglielmi (American painter, 1906-1956) Recurrent Theme in Red 1943

Osvaldo Louis Guglielmi (American painter, 1906-1956) Relief Blues 1938

Osvaldo Louis Guglielmi (American painter, 1906-1956) South Street Stoop, 1935

Osvaldo Louis Guglielmi (American painter, 1906-1956) The River 1942

Osvaldo Louis Guglielmi (American painter, 1906-1956) Women of Peterboro 1932

Osvaldo Louis Guglielmi (American painter, 1906-1956) Brooklyn Piscatorial 1941

Osvaldo Louis Guglielmi (American painter, 1906-1956) Mental Geography 1938

Osvaldo Louis Guglielmi (American painter, 1906-1956) The Gallants 1940

Osvaldo Louis Guglielmi (American painter, 1906-1956) Town Square 1936-39

Osvaldo Louis Guglielmi (American painter, 1906-1956) Tumblers