Monday, May 26, 2014

Women Artists - Pre-Raphaelite

Marianne Stokes (Austrian born English painter, 1855–1927) Candlemas Day

Catherine (Madox Brown) Hueffer (1850-1927) At the Opera) 1869

The Pre-Raphaelite movement was a revolution in the art world during the 2nd half of the 19th-century in England.

Catherine (Madox Brown) Hueffer (1850-1927) Elsie Martindale Hueffer 1895

The members of the group, men & women, turned against what they perceived as the insipid, artificial artistic ideals of the day, instead portraying human earnestness & honesty in art.

Emma Sandys (1834-1877) Elaine, c. 1862-5. Elaine is a heroine of Tennyson's Arthurian poem Idylls of the King, where her love for Lancelot is unrequited.

The Pre-Raphaelites questioned the academic style dominating the art of the period, searching for a more original style in art prior to Raphael which they felt was less affected by trends of the academy.

Emma Sandys (1834-1877) The Garland 1870

They found their inspiration in medieval and early Renaissance art with its bright colors & clear outlines.

Emma Sandys (1834-1877) The Yellow Dress. The medieval background reflects a Flemish tapestry.

The figures in Pre-Raphaelite paintings –often women– give expression to intense feelings such as yearning, passion, or grief.

Emma Sandys (1834-1877) Viola 1870

Although the Pre-Raphaelites looked backwards in history for their subjects, they were also very modern in their approach.

Eleanor Fortescue-Brickdale (1872-1945) The Little Foot Page, 1905. The story of Burd Helen from Scottish balladry, who dressed as a boy page to follow her lover on foot, while he rode on horseback. They eventually had a child together and got married.

Their revolt against the established Victorian art scene can be compared with the radical movements in 20th-century modernism.

Joanna Boyce (1831-1861). Elgiva Joanna Boyce, Elgiva, an Anglo-Saxon noblewoman who was ruined by the powerful Archbishop Odo. Her marriage was forcibly dissolved, she was exciled to Ireland. 1855

The Pre-Raphaelites sought to give art a nobler & more morally serious purpose.

Kate Elizabeth Bunce (1856-1927) Melody or Musica c 1895

And so the Pre-Raphaelites sought to bring about a radical break with all the current conventions of the 2nd half of the 19th-century.

Joanna Boyce (1831-1861). Head of Mrs Edwards 1861

Marie Spartali Stillman (1844-1927) A Florentine Lily, representing the spirit of the City of Florence. c. 1885-90.

Marianne Preindelsberger Stokes (1855-1927) St. Elizabeth of Hungary Spinning for the Poor, 1895. St. Elizabeth of Hungary was a medieval noblewoman canonised in 1235.

Marie Spartali Stillman (1844-1927) Beatrice

Elizabeth Eleanor Siddal (1829-1862) Lady Clare, 1857. Tennyson's Lady Clare, in which the heroine's natural mother begs her to conceal her humble origin, lest Lord Ronald withdraw his offer of marriage. Lady Clare refuses.

'I'm a beggar born,' she said,
'I will speak out, for I dare not lie.
Pull off, pull off the brooch of gold
And fling the diamond necklace by.'

'Nay now, my child,' said Alice the nurse,
'But keep the secret all ye can.'
She said, 'Not so; but I will know
If there be any faith in man."

Marie Spartali Stillman (1844-1927) Cloister Lilies

Marie Spartali Stillman (1844-1927) Madonna Pietra degli Scrovigni 1884

Marie Spartali Stillman (1844-1927) Mariana

Marie Spartali Stillman (1844-1927) Self-Portrait

Marie Spartali Stillman (1844-1927) The Lady Prays 1866

Marie Spartali Stillman (1844-1927) Woman with a Lute

Rebecca Solomon (1832-1886) The Wounded Dove. The the juxtaposition of a female figure in a domestic setting with a bird was a common theme at the time. 1866