Friday, November 8, 2013

American Folk Art - Children by Unknown 19C Artists

Baby in a Red Chair 1825

Boy in Plaid

Boy with Blond Hair, c 1840-50

Deborah Stearns 1815

Feeding the Chickens

Deborah Thompson 1828

Girl by a Waterfall c 1840

Girl in a White Dress

Girl Holding a Nosegay c 1835

Girl in Black with Rose c 1835

Girl in Garden

Girl in Red 1840s

Girl in White with Fruit

Girl on Balcony

Girl on the Hudson River c 1840

Girl with Basket of Flowers 1830

Girl with Bow

Girl with Bowl of Cherries

Henrietta Frances Cuthbert 1816

Little Girl with Flowers

Mary Briggs 1840



Rosa Heywood

Schoolgirl in Red Dress Holding Basket

Tea Time

The Hobby Horse

Two Children from the Torrey Family c 1835

Two Children

American Folk Art - Milton Hopkins 1789-1844

Milton W. Hopkins (1789-1844) Woman Wearing a Yellow Ribboned Lace Bonnet

Milton W. Hopkins (1789-1844) Young Woman Wearing a Pink Ribboned Bonnet

I love these brightly-painted, spunky ladies from America's rural mid-west. Most, except the mother, are holding a book to either prove that they could read or that they knew their Bible. The exception has a painted miniature of a loved one dangling from her neck. Milton W. Hopkins was born in Harwinton, Connecticut. In 1802, he moved with his family to Pompey Hill, New York. After the death of his first wife, Hopkins remarried in 1817, and shortly thereafter relocated to Evans Mills, New York. He painted in the Watertown, New York area and in the Erie Canal towns of western New York State in the 1820s, moving with his family to Albion, in 1823.

Milton W. Hopkins (1789-1844) Unknown Lady Wearing a Locket Miniature

In 1836, Hopkins packed up his wife and 10 children and headed west to Ohio, settling in Clermont County. Though he never sold the Clermont County farm (he would die there in 1844), he set up a studio in Columbus (1840-1843) and then in Cincinnati (1843-1844). Based on identified portraits, Hopkins traveled throughout the region for commissions. Hopkins was a fervent anti-Mason and temperance advocate, and according to research by Jacquelyn Oak, it may have been his growing abolitionist sentiment that drove him to Ohio. She further postulates that it was through his anti-slavery efforts that Hopkins met fellow abolitionist and lawyer James Collins whose family appears here in portraits.

Milton W. Hopkins (1789-1844) Sabrina Butler

Milton W. Hopkins (1789-1844) Woman in a Pink Ribbon Lace Bonnet

Milton W. Hopkins (1789-1844). Fanny Aiken, 1835

Milton W. Hopkins (1789-1844) Ann Gennett Pixley Lacey (1809 - 1841)

Milton W. Hopkins (1789-1844) Pierrepont Edward Lacey (1832 - after 1860) and His Dog, Gun

Milton W. Hopkins (1789-1844) Aphia Salisbury Rich and Baby Edward, c. 1833

Milton W. Hopkins (American painter, 1789-1844) Eliza Pixley Lacey

Milton W. Hopkins (American painter, 1789-1844) Mrs James Collins

Milton W. Hopkins (1789-1844) James and Alfred Collins Children of Mrs and Mrs James Collins

Milton W. Hopkins (1789-1844) Virginia Ada Wright

American Folk Art - Ammi Phillips 1788–1865

Ammi Phillips, a mostly self-taught New England portrait painter, was born in Colebrook, Connecticut. The following portraits are attributed to Phillips.  Either this folk artist has been tagged by many as a convenient identity for an unknown artist, or he is an artist whose style appears to have changed radically over the decades he painted portraits.

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865) 14-year-old Mary Ann Gale 1815

In 1809 when he was 21, he traveled to Pittsfield, Massachusetts, where he advertised in the Berkshire Reporter that he was eager to & capable of painting portraits for potential clients.

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Mrs. Goodrich and Child

These early notices are the only ads he is known to have placed in any local newspaper. Phillips declared that he would portray his clients with “perfect shadows and elegantly dressed in the prevailing fashions of the day.” It was a promise that Phillips kept for the next 5 decades. His work changed as the fashion, furnishings, customs, & styles of everyday life in 19th-century America changed over time.

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865) Mrs. Sarah Cornwell Everests

Scholars speculate that his portraits may have been influenced by the work of Connecticut artist Reuben Moulthrop (1763-1814), who had painted Phillips’ namesake, the Reverend Ammi Ruhamah Robbins, in nearby Norfolk. Phillips seems to have known the work of Massachusetts artist, James Brown (active 1806-1808). An 1808 portrait by Brown appears to have served as the model for an 1811 portrait produced by Phillips.

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Patience Bolles Stoddard

His early portraits portray almost awkward, even stiff women with almond-shaped eyes and slightly off-center mouths. The method shows heavy outlining, a few props held in their hands, & simple, plain backgrounds. Over the following decades, most of his clients are holding something in their hands including sprigs of flowers; toys; books & letters; handmade needlework; and fashion accessories such as purses & even umberellas.

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865) c 1814-19 Mrs. Crane

By the mid-1820s, Phillips' sitters are more Romantic following the aesthetic of the period. They are strong women with a delicate beauty clothed in the shimmering, pearly colors typical of the Romantic age. As one decade turned to another, Phillips' 1830s seated women became more realistic image reflecting the ideal Republican mother. They are seated and leaning forward from the waist and their determined faces sit atop long, graceful necks.

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865) c 1815-19 Mrs. Stoddard Holding Bible

By the 1840s, Phillips had serious competition, less expensive photographic portraits. His portraits after that period reflect the rich, saturated colors of the Victorian years. His portraits are more staged reflecting popular studio photography. His women are more realistically portrayed bringing the life-like aspect of photography to the canvas.

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865) Harriet Leavens 1815

He worked as an itinerant painter in Connecticut, Massachusetts, & New York over 5 decades painting hundreds of portraits. Between 1811 and 1862, Phillips created at least 600 paintings which are attributed to his hand that still exist. The portraits presented here are attributed to Phillips by dealers & museum professionals, although I do not know if he painted all of them, I will post them for you to enjoy.

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865) Alice Slade 1816

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865) Mrs. Tobias Steller 1817

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Ruth Haynes Palmer 1818

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Sarah Mynderse Campbell 1820

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Rebecca Rouse (Mrs. Jonathan Eddy) 1820

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Jane Ann Campbell 1820

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865) A Lady 1825

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Catherine DeWitt 1835

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Mrs. Mayer and Daughter 1835

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Mrs. Isaac Cox 1836

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Mrs. Stephen Nottingham Ostrander with Child & Dog 1837

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Girl in Pink with Dog

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  1820 Jane Ann Campbell

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Jane Marie Pells Phillips

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Lady in Black Dress Holding Book

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  1834 Andrew Jackson Tenbreoke

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Girl in Red Dress with Cat & Dog

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Grandmother and Grandson 1860

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Girl in a Red Dress and Her Dog

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Jeanette Payne

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Mary Elizabeth Smith

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Wife of the Journalist

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Young Girl and Her Cat

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Portrait of a Woman

Attributed to Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865)  Mother and Child c 1820

Ammi Phillips (American artist, 1788-1865) Lady in Pink Ribbons