Sunday, February 2, 2014

Illuminated Manuscripts - Creatures

Luttrell Psalter, England ca. 1325-1340. British Library, Add 42130, fol. 169v

Illuminated Manuscripts - Creatures

Surly elephant.  Jacob van Maerlant, Der Naturen Bloeme, 1450-1500

Illuminated Manuscripts - Creatures

Elephant with crowd.  Peraldus Miniature of Soldiers Mounted on an Elephant England (1236-1275)

Off to Russia - Wassily Kandinsky 1866-1944

"Of all the arts, abstract painting is the most difficult. It demands that you know how to draw well, that you have a heightened sensitivity for composition and for colors, and that you be a true poet. This last is essential." Wassily Kandinsky

Wassily Kandinsky (Russian-born artist, 1866-1944). Color Studies

Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (1866-1944), a Russian artist working in Germany & France, is often credited with painting the first modern abstract works. Born in Moscow, Kandinsky spent his childhood in Odessa. He enrolled at the University of Moscow to study law & economics, and assumed the chair of Roman Law at the University of Dorpat.

Wassily Kandinsky (Russian-born artist, 1866-1944). Garden at Murnau 1909

He did not start painting, until he was 30 in 1896, when he saw some Monet paintings including Haystacks. He wrote, "That it was a haystack the catalogue informed me. I could not recognize it. This non-recognition was painful to me. I considered that the painter had no right to paint indistinctly. I dully felt that the object of the painting was missing. And I noticed with surprise and confusion that the picture not only gripped me, but impressed itself ineradicably on my memory. Painting took on a fairy-tale power and splendour."

Wassily Kandinsky (Russian-born artist, 1866-1944). Gelber Kreis

Following his new passion, in 1896, he settled in Germany to study with Anton A┼żbe & at the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich. He returned to Moscow in 1914, at the inception of World War. He was unsympathetic to the official theories on art in Moscow & returned to Germany in 1921, where he taught at the Bauhaus school of art & architecture from 1922, until the Nazis closed it in 1933. Once again he moved, this time to France, where he lived the rest of his life, becoming a French citizen in 1939.

Wassily Kandinsky (Russian-born artist, 1866-1944). Painting With Three Spots

Wassily Kandinsky (Russian-born artist, 1866-1944). The Church in Murnau

Wassily Kandinsky (Russian-born artist, 1866-1944). The Waterfall

Wassily Kandinsky (Russian-born artist, 1866-1944). Black Lines, 1913

Wassily Kandinsky (Russian-born artist, 1866-1944). Composition VII 1913

Wassily Kandinsky (Russian-born artist, 1866-1944). Improvisation 19

Wassily Kandinsky (Russian born artist, 1866-1944). Improvisation 31 Sea Battle

Wassily Kandinsky (Russian-born artist, 1866-1944). Composition X 1939

Illuminated Manuscripts - Creatures

Confused & confusing elephant.  Liber de nature rerun, France, c. 1290