Friday, February 7, 2014

Illuminated Manuscripts - Creatures


Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library 15C Book of Hours Bruges or Ghent 15C MS 287


Off to Russia with French-born Louis Caravaque 1684–1752


 Louis Caravaque (French-born Russian painter, 1684–1752) Empress Elizabeth


One of the most successful foreign artists to work in Russia, Louis Caravaque is an example of the Europeanization, that Peter the Great sought to bring to his new city of Saint Petersburg. Born into a family of artists in Marseilles, Caravaque began his career painting ships like his father, but his portraits attracted enough attention to warrant a contract in 1715 to come to Russia for 3 years to paint portraits, battle paintings, historical scenes & landscapes. By 1716, Caravaque was living in St. Petersburg, painting & teaching students.  Caravaque continued to be a dominant force in the world of portrait painting in the Russian court through the reigns of Catherine, Anna Ioannovna & Elizabeth, all of whom he painted. His work covers a variety of members of the Imperial family & the nobility at various stages in their lives.  In addition to portraits, Caravaque designed several interiors & painted a variety of battle scenes related to Peter's military victories in the Northern Wars. He was also commissioned to paint several icons, becoming one of the first foreign artists to do so. Caravaque died in 1752, in St. Petersburg & was buried in the cemetery at St. Sampson Cathedral.


 Louis Caravaque (French-born Russian painter, 1684–1752) Empress Elizabeth


 Louis Caravaque (French-born Russian painter, 1684–1752) Empress Elizabeth


 Louis Caravaque (French-born Russian painter, 1684–1752) Grand Duchess Anna Leopoldovna of Russia (1718-1746)


 Louis Caravaque (French-born Russian painter, 1684–1752) Portrait of Empress Anna Ioannovna 1730


 Louis Caravaque (French-born Russian painter, 1684–1752) Portrait of Tsesarevna Anna Petrovna


Louis Caravaque (French-born Russian painter, 1684–1752) Tsarevitch Peter Alexeevitch (future Peter II) with his sister Natalia Alexeevna


Louis Caravaque (French-born Russian painter, 1684–1752) Catherine I of Russia  (1684-1727)


Illuminated Manuscripts - Creatures


Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library 15C Book of Hours Bruges or Ghent 15C MS 287


Women by Russian-born American painter Grigory Gluckmann 1898–1973

.
Grigory Gluckmann (Russian-born American painter, 1898–1973) The Nape of the Neck

In 1898, Grigory Gluckmann was born in the Russian town of Vitebsk. At 19, he left home to attend the Art Academy in Moscow, leaving there for Berlin 3 years later in 1920, to escape the Russian Revolution. There he changed his name from Glickman to Gluckmann.

Grigory Gluckmann (Russian-born American painter, 1898–1973) Daydreams

In 1924, he traveled from Berlin to paint in Italy for 9 months, & in October of that year, he had his 1st one-man exhibition at the Galerie Druet in Paris. In the following years, he showed in the Salon des Tuileries, the Galerie Drouant, the Salon d’Automne, the Salon National des Beaux Arts, & the Galerie Charpentier. During this period, he also exhibited in London & New York.  His 1st American exhibition was held in 1937, followed by regular exhibitions on both the East & West coasts, as well as in Chicago.

Grigory Gluckmann (Russian-born American painter, 1898–1973) The Ballerina 1940

In Paris, he painted models, dancers, & backstage theatrical views. He prefered to paint his female subjects from the back or nude, avoiding faces for the most part.  He became friends with violinist Jascha Heifetz, who evolved into a major collector of Gluckmann’s work. Gluckmann seemed to prefer the company of musicians & intellectuals rather than other artists.

Grigory Gluckmann (Russian-born American painter, 1898–1973) Mother and Daughter

The classical painting techniques, which Gluckmann learned in Moscow, served him well throughout his career. He painted mostly on wood panels, using a layering method to apply his paint. This method was time-consuming, because it requires each application to dry before proceeding. The results were rich colors with depth & softness that complemented his subjects.

Grigory Gluckmann (Russian-born American painter, 1898–1973) The Gathering

In June 1941, he escaped German-occupied Paris, sailing to the United States. He took a studio in New York, where he had several one-man exhibitions during the war.  He moved to Los Angeles in 1945, where he began exhibiting his paintings at the Dalzell Hatfield Galleries.  Gluckmann painted in Paris again, briefly, in 1954, exhibiting at the galerie Drouant-David; but he maintained his primary residence in Los Angeles & became an American citizen.

Grigory Gluckmann (Russian-born American painter, 1898–1973) Head of a Woman

Grigory Gluckmann (Russian-born American painter, 1898–1973) The Dress Shop

Grigory Gluckmann (Russian-born American painter, 1898–1973) Spring Hat

Grigory Gluckmann (Russian-born American painter, 1898–1973) Backstage

Grigory Gluckmann (Russian-born American painter, 1898–1973) White Blouse

Grigory Gluckmann (Russian-born American painter, 1898–1973) Girls in Leotards

Grigory Gluckmann (Russian-born American painter, 1898–1973) Ballerina

Illuminated Manuscripts - Creatures


Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library 15C Book of Hours Bruges or Ghent 15C MS 287


Off to Russia - A rare English view of 18C Russian costumes


A Country Woman returning from Market in 1764 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


The Russian tradition of fortune telling during the Christmas season has ancient origins.  While I was looking for paintings depicting this process, I stumbled upon a series of Russian women's costumes published in 18C England, Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.  These images are from that collection.


A Kamtchadale Women in her full dress in 1768 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Country Woman in Russia in 1764 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Gentlewoman in Moscow in 1768 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Common Habit of a Kamtchadale with her Child in 1768 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Country Woman of Ingria subject to Russia in 1764 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Merchant's Wife in Russia in 1765 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Russian Lady at Valday in 1764 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Russian Girl in 1764 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Russian Lady at Archangel in 1768 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Russian Market Woman in 1764 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Russian Market Woman in 1768 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Russian Midwife in 1764 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Samoyede Woman and Child subject to Russia in 1768 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Tartarian Woman in Kasan subject to Russia in 1768 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Tartarian Woman of Schouvache subject to Russia in 1768 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Woman of Ingria subject to Russia in 1764 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Woman of Tchouktschi in Siberia subject to Russia in 1768 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Woman of Wotiac in Siberia in 1768 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Woman of Wotiac in Siberia in 1768 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Young Market Woman of Octha in Russia in 1765 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of the Wife of a Russian Boor (peasant) in 1768 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Morning Habit of a Lady of the City of Pera in Natolia in 1568 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Morning Habit of a Russian Lady in 1764 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Summer Habit of a Russian Woman with her Cloak on, in 1765 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Summer Habit of a Russian Woman with her Cloak off, in 1765 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.


Habit of a Lady of Tartary in 1667 Thomas Jefferys, 'A Collection of the Dresses of Different Nations, Antient and Modern' (4. vols.), London, 1757-1772.