Thursday, July 2, 2015

1712 Gardens at Berkley Castle the seat of the Earle of Berkley

Berkley Castle the seat of the Earle of Berkley Johannes Kip (1653-1722) The Ancient & Present State of Gloucestershire, pub by Sir Robert Atkyns 1712.

Berkeley Castle is in the town of Berkeley, Gloucestershire. The castle has remained within the Berkeley family, since they reconstructed it in the 12C, except for a period of royal ownership by the Tudors. It is traditionally believed to be the scene of the murder of King Edward II in 1327.  The first castle at Berkeley was a motte-and-bailey, built around 1067 by William FitzOsbern shortly after the Conquest. This was subsequently held by 3 generations of the Berkeley family.  In 1153–54, Fitzharding received a royal charter from King Henry II giving him permission to rebuild the castle.  Fitzharding built the circular shell keep during 1153–56, probably on the site of the former motte. The building of the curtain wall followed, probably during 1160–90.  Much of the rest of the castle is 14C.  Gardens in this depiction are primarily utilitarian providing vegetables & fruits to the owners.