Monday, November 23, 2015

Saint Veronica & the vera icon

Attributed to Piero di Cosimo (Italian artist, 1462-1521) Saint Veronica, c. 1510

Legend holds that Saint Veronica was a pious woman of Jerusalem, who was moved with pity, when she saw Jesus carrying his cross to Golgotha, & gave him her veil; so that he might wipe his forehead.  Jesus accepted the offering & after using it handed it back to her, the image of his face miraculously impressed upon it.  There is no reference to the story of St Veronica & her veil in the Gospels.  The belief in the existence of authentic images of Christ is connected with the old legend of King Abgar of Edessa & the apocryphal writing known as "The Death of Pilate." The oldest & best known of these images was called the vera icon (true image), which in the common tongue soon became "Veronica." The tale is thus designated in several medieval texts by the Bollandists & by Matthew of Westminster who speaks of the imprint of the image of the Savior which is called Veronica.  Over time, popular imagination mistook this word for the name of a person & attached it to several Veronica legends which vary from country to country.

St Veronica 1430 by Robert Campin ( Master of Flemalle)

St Veronica 1480 by Hans Memling

St Veronica by Bernardo Strozzi, 1625-1630

St Veronica by Blanchard Jacques 1356

St Veronica by Guido Reni

St Veronica by Lorenzo Costa

St Veronica by Mattia Preti c 1655

St Veronica by Rogier van der Weyden

St Veronica by the Master of Saint Veronica

St Veronica with the Sudarium by the Master of Saint Ursula Legend c 1475-1500

St Veronica With The Sudary 1579 by El Greco

A Group Of Figures With St Veronica Holding The Sudarium by Derick Baegert

St Veronica by El Greco

Stanley Spencer, (English painter, 1891-1959) St Veronica offering veil to Christ 1921