Sunday, August 30, 2015

1600s Woman Artist - Mary Beale 1632-1697



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Self Portrait Holding a Painting of Her Sons c 1685


Mary Beale (1632-1697) was the first English woman to become a professional portraitist of the Baroque era. She was the daughter of John Cradock, a puritan rector from Suffolk, who was an amateur painter & member of the Painter Stainer’s company. Through her father she became acquainted with local artists, such as Matthew Snelling, Robert Walker, & Peter Lely. As an independent professional artist she had a prolific career.


Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Self Portrait

Her father also introduced her to her future husband, who was also an amateur painter & member of the Painter-Stainers' Company, a cloth merchant from London named Charles Beale. In 1652, at 18, she married Charles Beale & went to live with him in Covent Garden, London. The Beales had 2 sons who survived past childhood, Bartholomew & Charles. Her husband, Charles became deputy clerk of the patents office in about 1660, by which time Mary had begun to study portraiture. In 1664, the Beales moved away from London, to a farmhouse in Allbrook in Hampshire. Part of their reason for moving could have been to escpae the onset of the Great Plague in London which was to kill a fifth of the population of the town.


Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Self Portrait c 1675

Her husband left a career in the Patents Office to prepare her canvases, mix her paints, & keep the family business records. In 1670, the family, returned to London, where she set up a studio in Pall Mall. One diary note kept by her husband establishes that in 1 year alone she completed 83 commissioned works. One of Mary & Charles Beale's sons, also known as Charles Beale went on to a career as a painter. Mary Beale also taught art, & one of her students, Sarah Cuties eventually became a well-known painter. Beale worked in several media including oils, pastels & water colors. Her studies of children, especially her own, were particularly sensitive.



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Portrait of the artist's husband Charles Beale in a Black Hat



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) The Artist's Husband Charles


Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Self Portrait of the Artist as a Shepherdess with her Son Charles (1660-1714) in Attendance



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697)


Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) The Artist with her Husband Charles & Son Bartholomew


Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Portrait of the Artist's Son Bartholomew Beale c 1665



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Artist's Son Bartholomew Beale




Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Bartholomew Beale Profile



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Bartholomew Beale, Facing Left



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Charles Beale Jr



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Portrait of a Young Woman



Attributed to Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Portrait of Nell Gwyl



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Louise de Kérouaille Duchess of Portsmouth, 1670s A French aristocrat who became a spy for Louis XIV & mistress to Charles II.



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) King Charles II (1630 - 1685) c 1675c



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Barbara Villiers, Duchess of Cleveland



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Actress Moll Davis



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Lady Elizabeth Cavendish (c 1627–1663), Countess of Bridgewater or Lady Elizabeth Cranfield, (1648–1670) Viscountess Brackley c 1670



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) 1675 Lady Mary Hay, née Maitland (1645–1702), Marchioness of Tweedale



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Lady Leake (1657-1709)



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Unknown Young Boy



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Portrait of a Baby



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Richard Gulston



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Portrait of a Young Girl c 1681



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Sir Basil Dixwell



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Portrait of a Young Girl



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Unknown Young Boy



Mary Beale (English portrait painter, 1632-1697) Young Bacchus


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