Saturday, September 5, 2015

Queen Elizabeth I - 1562-1603 Attempts to explore and settle America during Her Reign

A Timeline of Events Exploring the Atlantic coast of North America during Queen Elizabeth's Reign 1559-1603

Queen Elizabeth (1533-1603) succeeds Queen Mary.

1560 Queen Elizabeth I 1533-1603 The Clopton Portrait


Jean Ribault (1520-1565), French exporler financed by Queen Elizabeth, establishes Huguenot colony (Charles Fort) at Port Royal in South Carolina.

Jean Ribault (1520-1565)

John Hawkins, (1532-1595), English Explorer, makes his 1st voyage to the West Indies.

John Hawkins, (1532-1595)


Charles Fort in South Carolina is abandoned.

"The French Left in Charlesfort Suffer from Lack of Provisions" Volume II of Theodor De Bry's Grand Voyages.1590


Second colony of Huguenots under René de Laudonnière (c 1529-1574) is established on St. John's River in Florida.

René de Laudonnière (c 1529-1574)

John Hawkins makes his 2nd voyage to the West Indies and Guinea.


St. Augustine is established.

Baptista Boazio, Saint Augustine Map (1589)


John Hawkins departs on 3rd voyage.


Hawkins fights Spanish at Battle of Vera Cruz, later sets ashore at Tampico, Mexico, where 3 of his men begin a 12 month march to the north, reaching Cape Breton.

Illustration of the carrack Jesus of Lübeck The Battle of San Juan de Ulúa


Martin Frobisher's 1st voyage.


Martin Frobisher's 2nd voyage.

Martin Frobisher (c 1535-39 - 1594)


Martin Frobisher's 3rd voyage.

England & Netherlands sign treaty to fight Spain.

Humphrey Gilbert (1539-1583) sails for America with 350 men but they are forced to return.

Humphrey Gilbert (1539-1583)


Francis Drake (1540-1596) returns to England from voyage around the world.

Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger (1561–1636) Francis Drake (1540-1596)


Humphrey Gilbert's voyage to Newfoundland; his ship is lost on the return voyage.


Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe (c 1550–c 1620) reach Roanoke Island in July, returned to England in September.

Theodor de Bry after John White


Sir Walter Raleigh's (1522-1618) fleet of 7 vessels under Richard Grenville (1542-1591) + Ralph Lane (c 1532-1603) , with 108 men, reach Roanoke Island in June.

Sir Walter Raleigh 1522-1618


In June, Sir Francis Drake arrives from Florida & removes the Lane colony to England.

Sir Richard Grenville & 3 ships arrive at Roanoke in August.


John White (c 1540-1593) with 150 men, women, & children sent by Sir Walter Raleigh to plant the Cittie of Raleigh on the Chesapeake Bay, land at Hatorask on July 22.

1585 John White (English artist, c 1540-1593) A Fire Ceremony


John White returns to Roanoke Island.


Captain Christopher Newport (1561-1617).  sails for the West Indies.


Captain Amias Preston & Sir George Somers (1554–1610) sail to the West Indies.

Sir George Somers (1554–1610)


Sir Walter Raleigh sent Samuel Mace of Weymouth on a voyage to Virginia (North Carolina) to gather plant materials & to search for survivors of the Lost Colony.

Capt. Bartholomew Gosnold (1572 - 1607), Capt. Bartholomew Gilbert, Capt. Gabriel Archer (c1575-c1610), & others sent on voyage to New England coast.

English traders regularly visit Nova Scotia.


Capt. Martin Pring (1580 – 1626) sent to New England coast by Bristol merchants.

Capt. Bartholomew Gilbert sent on voyage to Chesapeake Bay; Gilbert + 4 others went ashore (likely the Eastern Shore) & are killed by Indians.

Allegorical Painting of 1610 Queen Elizabeth I (1538-1603) in Old Age, c.1610 at Corsham Court, Wiltshire

The Virgin Queen Elizabeth I dies, & James VI of Scotland becomes James I.