Saturday, September 5, 2015

Queen Elizabeth I - New Year's Gifts 1564-1565



1558-60s Queen Elizabeth I 1533-1603 Unknown artist

An explanation of these lists appeared on the Museum of London blog.  Thought I would share it here to give a background on these amazing lists.

In Elizabethan London, New Year’s Day was the big time to give and receive gifts, particularly at court. The tradition appears to date back to at least the 13th century but under Queen Elizabeth I it reached new heights in terms of the extravagance and range of the gifts given.

Courtiers and members of the Queen’s household were expected to present her with gifts. As can be imagined competition to impress the Queen was fierce and there must have been immense pressure to come up with gifts that were valuable enough (many resorted to giving money, usually gold coins, in extravagant silk purses) or useful (she received many perfumed gloves and gold-trimmed hankies) or just intriguing.


In the latter category are many animal jewels, such as an emerald, diamond and ruby serpent with a pendant pearl, given in 1581 by the Countess of Oxford or a golden cat playing with mice and again decorated with diamonds and pearls given the same year by Lady Howard. One can imagine the emerald and diamond salamander or the pearl ship pin from the Cheapside Hoard being equally acceptable New Year’s gifts. The Queen loved puns and many of these jewels would have held hidden meanings and witty jokes for her amusement.


A number of rolls or lists detailing the gifts she received for New Year still survive and give a fascinating glimpse of life in the Elizabethan court. Many of the queen’s admirers liked to give her a gift which would remind her of themselves. Sir Christopher Hatton, whose portrait is on display in the Cheapside Hoard exhibition, on loan from the National Portrait Gallery, frequently used a knot motif and so in around 1585 he gave Elizabeth a headdress, decorated with expensive golden knots. In 1574 the fan that the Earl of Leicester gave her was decorated with bears, part of his device. Others gave gifts that they hoped would get them noticed and some of these were rather fabulous. For example, on New Year’s Day 1581 Sir Walter Raleigh presented Elizabeth with a crown set with Peruvian emeralds which he had captured in a raid on the Spanish fleet the previous year. However, the rolls show that she also received plainer gifts such as a quince pie from John Betts, who was a pastry servant, or a box of lute strings or eighteen larks in a cage.


In return the Queen would give gifts too, and whilst these were sometimes generous in the extreme, more often than not they were of a lower value than those she received. Often she would give an image of herself, such as the cameo portrait of the Queen which Hatton is shown holding in his portrait. A similar, though smaller cameo can be seen on display as part of the Cheapside Hoard. But if you wanted to impress the Queen it seems to have been much more a case of five gold rings rather than a partridge in a pear tree!


New Year's Gifts for Queen Elizabeth: 1564-1565

Anno vito Regine Elizabth
[New year's gifts to the quene]
By the said mary Graye a Spone and Fforke of siluer guilte poz 1 oz
Delyurid in chardge to John Asteley esquier Mr & Thmas of her majesties Juells & plate
By the Lady Margerett Straunge a Hatte of vellat enbrauderid with golde and siluer wth a ffether and a Skarfe of sipers with a frenge of venice golde and siluer
Delyvrid to the Lady Cobham
By the Duke of Norfolke in a purse of crymsen silke and golde iii gold 
By the Marques of Northampton in a purse of blake silke and siluer in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Marques of Wyntchester high Threasower of Englande in a purse of crymsen Satten in Duny Soueraignes 
By the Earle of Arundell Lorde Stewearde in a paper in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Earle of Northumberlande in a purse of russet silke and siluer in di soueraignes 
By the Earle of Westemerlande in a purse of purple silke and golde in Angelles 
By the Earle of Shrewisburye in a purse of crymsen vellat in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Earle of Darbye in a purse of russett silke in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Earle of Huntingdon in a purse of purple silke and siluer in golde 
By the Earle of Bedfowrde in a purse of crymsen silke & siluer in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Earle of Pembroke in a purse of blake silke and golde in Dimy Soueraignes 
Deliurid to the Quenis Maiestie by thands of John Tounworth esquier one of the gromes of her highnes pryvy chamber the xxith of July Ao vi pned?
By the Earle of Warwicke a peire of Sleues a partelett and a Cawle enbossed with venice golde and silver.
Delyurid to the said Lady Cobham
By the Vicounte Mountague in a purse of blewe silke in Duny Soueraignes 
Delyurid to her said Maiestie by thands of the said John Tomeworth etc.

Busshoppes
By the Archebusshoppe of Canterburye in a purse of crymsen taphata in dimy Soueraignes
By the Archebusshoppe of Yorke in a purse of crymsen Satten in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Busshop of Duresine in a purse of Tyncell in Angelles
By the Busshop of Elye in a litell taphata purse in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Busshop of Wyntchester in a purse of Baudekin in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Busshop of London in a white Satten purse in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Busshop of Worseter in a chery bag of crymsen taphata in di Soueraignes 
By the Busshop of Lincolne in a purse of blake silke in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Busshop of Norwiche in a purse of blake Tyncell in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Busshop of Rochester in a purse of blake silke in golde
Delyvred to her said Maiestie by thands of the said John Tomeworth etc
And a Booke of thepposition of the newe Testement in latten
Delyurid to Blanche Apparey:
By the Busshop of Lichefilde and Couentrye in a paper in Dimy SOUERAIGNES 
By the Busshop of Chichester in a purse of Baudeken in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Busshop of Herforde in a purse of crymsen silke in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Busshop of St Davies James? in a purse of crymsen silke & silur in di soueraignes 
By the Busshop of Bathe in a paper in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Busshop of Exetor in a purse of red silke and golde in Dimy Soueraignes
By the Busshop of Peterborowe in a purse of crymsen Satten in Dimy souraignes 
By the Busshop of Chester in a purse of grene silke in Angelles 
By the Busshop of Glocester in a purse of tawny vellat in golde 
By the Busshop of Salisbury in a purse of crymsen Satten in Dimy Soueraignes 
Delyurid to her said maiestie by thands of the said John Tomeworth etc.

Duchesses Marques & Countesses
By the Duches of Norfolke in a purse of crymsen silke and golde in gold 
By the Duches of Suffolke in a purse of blewe silke in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Duches of Somersett in a purse of silke and siluer in gold 
Delyurid to her said Maiestie by thands of the said John Tomeworth etc.
By the Lady Marques of Northampton a Petycoate of crymsen clothe of golde lyned with doble crymsen taphata garded with a brode garde of crymsen vellat layed on wth thre passamayne laces of golde & frengid wth crymsen silke and golde
Delyurid in chardge to Rauf Hoope yeoman of the Roobes
By the Countes of Surrey in a purse of carnacion silke in Angelles c s
By the Countes of Oxfourde in a purse of blewe silke in Angelles c s
By the Countes of Northumberlande in a purse of blake silke & golde in di sou 
By the Countes of Shrewisburye dowag in a purse of blak silke & silur in di sou
by the Countes of Shrewisburye in a purse of crymsen vellat in di Souraignes 
by the Coutnes of Darbye in a purse of russett silke in Dimy Soueraignes 
by the Countes of Rutlande in a purse of crymsen silke & golde in golde & siluer 
By the Countes of Huntingdon Dowager in a paper in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Countes of Huntingdon in a purse of blewe silke in Angelles 
By the Countes of Pembroke in a purse of red silke and golde in Dimy Souraignes 
Delyvrid to the Quene her maiestie by thands of the said Jo Tomeworth in supra

Vicountesses
By the Vicountes Herforde a Smocke with a square coller and a Rayle wroughte with blake silke and golde
delyurid to Dorothy Brodbelt
By the Vicountes Mountague in a purse of blewe silke in Dimy soueraignes 
Delyvrid to her said Maiestie by thands of the said John Tomeworth

Lordes
By the Lorde keper of the greate Seale Bacon in a purse of blewe silke a siluer in Dimy Soueraignes and one Cresado? 
By the Lorde William Howarde Lorde Chamberlayne in a purse of blewe silke and siluer in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Lorde Aburgaveny in a purse of crymsen silke and siluer in Di soueraignes c s
By the Lorde Clinton Lord Admirall in a purse of blak silke and siluer 
By the Lorde Strainge in a purse of crymsen silke c s
By the Lorde Barkeley in a paper in Dimy soueraignes 
by the Lorde Strowpe in a paper in Angelles 
by the Lorde Lumley in a purse of crymsen silke in golde 
By the Lorde Mounteioye in a purse of blewe silke in golde 
By the Lorde Wyndesor in a purse of crymsen silke & siluer in Dimy Soueraignes 
by the Lorde Riche in a purse of crymsen vellat in Dimy Soueraignes 
by the Lorde Pagett in a very fayer purse in Dimy Soueraignes 
by the Lorde Darcey of Chichey in a purse of Baudeken 
by the Lorde Northe in a paper in Dimy Soueraignes 
by the Lorde Hastings of Longhborowe? in a pap in golde and siluer 
By the Lorde of Hunsdon in a purse of crymsen silke and golde in Dimy soueraignes 
Delyvrid to her Maiestie by thands of the said John Tomeworth
by the Lorde John Graye a Spiceboxe wth a Spone a pep Boxe & a Salte of siluer guilt poz? 
Delyr in chardge to the said John Asteley

Ladyes
By the Lady Aburgauenny in a purse of crymsen silke in Dimy Soueraignes c s
delyurid to her said maiestie by thands of the said Jo Tomeworth
By the Lady Clinton a peire of Sleues and a partelett of stolework drawne owte with blake Sipers
Delyurid to the said Lady Cobham
By the Lady Barckeley in a paper in Dimy Soueraignes c s
By the Lady Dakers of the Southe in a purse of blak silke in Angelles
Delyurid to her said Maiestie by the hands o the said John Tomeworth
By the Lady Cobham a Remnaunte of crymsen Taphata rewid with golde
with her self
By the Ladye Mounteioye in a purse of blewe silke in golde 
By the Lady Howarde in a purse of russett silke & siluer in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the Lady Hunsdon in a purse of crymsen silke and golde in Dimy Soueraignes 
delyurid to her said maiestie in supra
By the Lady Knowlles a partelett a peire of sleues and a Cawle of golde and siluer with golde and siluer srceonett to lyne them
Dd to the Ladye Cobham
By the Ladye Cecille in a purse of crymsen silke in Dimy Soueraignes 
By the lady Tayleboyes Peter Carowes wief in a purse of blak silke golde 
By the Lady Williams of Thame in a purse of blak silke and silur in dimy soueraignes 
delyurid to her said maiestie by thands of the said John Tomeworth
By the Lady Carewe St Gawens wief a partelett and a Cawle wrought with blake silke and edgid with siluer
delyurid to the Lady Cobham
By the Lady Wodhouse in a purse of russett silke and golde in Dimy souraignes 
By the Lady Hobson in a purse of crymsen silke and golde in Angelles 
delyrid to her said Maiestie by thands of the said John Tomeworth etc.
by the Lady Stafforde a very fayer partelett and a peire of Sleues of Lawne lowped ouer with golde
delyurid to the Lady Cobham
By the Lady Mason in a purse of blewe silkie and siluer in Dimy Soueraignes vi li
By the Lady Butler in frenche Crownes delyurid to her said maiestie by thands of the said Jo Tomeworth
By the lady Heningham sixe handekercheres wought wth blak silke edgid with a purle of golde
By the Lady Ratclyf a Cusshen cloth allour wrought wth blak silke and a swete bagge
delyurid to the said Dorothye Brodbelt
By the Lady Sackevile in a purse of grene silke in Angelles c s
By the Lady Pallat in a paper in Angelles cs
delyurid to her said maiestie by thands of the said John Tomeworth etc
By the lady Gresham a Horse
in the stable
By the Ladye Grey a peire of Sleues and a partelett allour enbrauderid with golde and siluer the grounde like Tyncell
delyurid to the lady Cobham

Knightes
By Sir Edwarde Rogers Comptroller in a purse of crymsen silke in di souraignes vii li
By Sr Ffrauncis Knowles vicechamberlayne in a purse of crymsen silke and golde in di sou 
By Sr William Cicell Secretarye in a purse of blewe silke & siluer in dimy souraignes 
By Sr Ambrose Caue Chancellor of the Duche in a purse of crymsen silke & golde 
By Sr Richarde Sackevile under Threasourer in a purse of blak silke & golde in Angells 
By Sr John Mason Threasourer of the Chamber in a purse of crymsen silke & golde 
delyurid to her said Maiestie by the hands of the said Jo Tomeworth
And a Booke in Greeke
delyurid to the said blaunch Apparry
By Sr William Peter Chauncellor of the Garter in a chery bag of taphata in Angelles 
by Sr Walter Myldemaye Chauncellor of the Exchequer in a paper in Dimy souraignes c s
By Sr Edmnde Peckeham high Threasourer of the Myntes in a purse of red taphata 
By Sr Christopher Haydon in a purse of blak silke and golde in Angelles 
By Sr Edwarde Warner in a purse of crymsen Satten in golde
by Sr William Codall mr of the Rowles in a blake chery bagge in Angelles 
By Sr Richarde Southewell in a paper in Dimy Soueraignes 
By Sr John Thynne in a very litell chery bag in Dimy Soueraignes c s
By Sr William Damsell in a purse of blak taphata in Dimy Soueraignes 
delyurid to her said Maiestie by thands of the said John Tomeworth
By Sr Thomas Benger oone smale Ringe of golde with a table Diamounte in it
with her maiestie
By Sr Gowen Carowe a Smocke wrought wth blak silke the coller wrought wth golde & siluer
dd to the said Dorothye (smudged)
By Sr Peter Carowe in a purse of blake silke and siluer in Dimy Soueraignes 
by Sr Roger Northe in a paper in golde and siluer 
By Sr Thomas Gresham in a purse of blak silke and silur in Dimy Soueraignes 
delyurid to her said maiestie by thands of the said Jo Tomeworth etc
By Sr Gilbert Dethicke oone Booke of tharmes of the Garter couerid with blak vellat and edgid with passamyne of siluer
delyurid to the said Blaunche Apparrye.

Chaplaynes
By Archedeacon Carowe Deane of the Chapell in a paper in Dimy souraignes 
By Doctor Wotton Deane of Caunterburye in a purse of crymsen silke & siluer in di sou 
delyurid to her said Maiestie by the hands o the said John Tomeworth

Gentlewomen
By Mrs Asteley cheif gentilwoman of the preuy Chamber A Smocke wrought with blacke silke onely with a square coller
delyurid to the said Dorothy (smudge)
By Mrs Blaunche Parye a peire of perfumed Gloues sett wth buttones of golde & pearles And sixe handekercheues edgid wth siluer and silke of sundry colors
delyurid to the Quene by (smudge)
By Mrs Skipwith a Smocke the sleuis allouer wrought with blake silke
delyurid to the said Dorothy.
by Mrs Hennage a very fayer peire of Sleuis, a Partelett and a Cawle of Camericke allour wrought with golde and siluer
Delyurid to the Lady Cobham
By Mrs Dorothey Brodebelte a Rayle of lawne wrought with golde
By Mrs Katheryn Howarde a peire of Pillowebeeres wrought with blake silke
By Mrs Marberye a Smocke wrought with red silke & edgid wth a passamayne of siluer
delyurid to the said Dorothy.
By Mrs Sackefourde a peire of Sleuis of lynen cloth enbrauderid with golde & siluer
By Mrs Barlye als Penne sixe handekercheues edgid wth passamayne of golde and buttons of golde
delyurid to he said Dorothy
by Mrs Leuina Terling a certayne Journey of the Quenis Maiestie and the Trayne fynely wrought upon a Carde
(no delivery)
By Mrs Amy Shelton sixe handekercheues edgid with golde and siluer
By Mrs Elizabeth Shelton oone Cusshen cloth wrought wth red silke and a passamayne of golde and buttoned and tasselled with red silke and golde
By Mrs Huggans oone Pillowebeere wrought wth hoopes & flowers of red silke And oone greate swete Bagge of taphata enbrauderid wth a hoope of golde And sixe smale swete Bagges of chaungeable taphata
dd to the said Dorothy
By Mrs Smytheson, Laundres oone Pillowebeere wrought with red silke
dd to the said Dorothy

Gentlemen
By Mr John Asteley maister and Threasourer of the Quene her Maiesties Juelles and plate a very fayer Cup of siluer guilt made like a Gourde poz xviii oz quater
delyurid by himself in chardge
By Mr Thomas Hennage a Ringe of golde made like a Yooke? sett full of sparkes of Diamonds with this woorde in it Jugum necessitatis
with the Quene by the said Marbery
By Mr Bashe in a purse of blake silke and golde in Dimy Souraignes 
By Mr Stanlye in a purse of crymsen silke and siluer in dimy Souraignes 
delyurid to her said maiestie by the hands of the said John Tomeworth
By Doctor Maister two Pottes of Conceruice
By Doctor Herwicke two Pottes of Conceruice
delyurid to Henry Sakforde
By Benedicke Spinula a hoole pece of purple vellat wth Satten grounde
delyurid to the Lady Cobham
By Robotham two peire of blake silke knytt Hoose
dd to the said Marberye
By Smyth … scomer…alte of fine Camerike in a case of Damaske (smudges)
delyurid to the said Blaunche
By John Hemawaye Poticarye a P[otte of] Conceruice and a square box of Manus Christi
delyurid to the said Sakford
By Clement Dames a peire of Sleues of fyne hollande drawne fynely with a worke unwroght
delyurid to the said Dorothy
By Crawfourde Clerke of the Spicerye thre boxes of Comfittes, with Lemons, Oringes, and other frute.
dd to the said Sakf
By George Webster Mr Cooke a Marche pane
By John Bettes Srvaunte of the Pastrye a Quince pye
By Gardener Graunte of the Seller a Bottell of Ipocras
(no delivery)
By Petrus Ubaldimus Florentinus? a Booke conteigninge the seremonyes of the Coronacion of Themperors
dd to the said blaunche.
By William Huggens oone Cusshion cloth wrought with Hoopes and Raspes frengid with golde and red silk
dd to the said Dorothy.
Summa totl of the money Geuon to her Maiestie at supra
 cml cclviii li viiis viiid

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