Saturday, September 5, 2015

Queen Elizabeth I - New Year's Gifts 1565-1566



c 1560-65 Queen Elizabeth I 1533-1603

An explanation of these lists appeared on the Museum of London blog.  Thought I would share it here to give a background on these amazing lists.

In Elizabethan London, New Year’s Day was the big time to give and receive gifts, particularly at court. The tradition appears to date back to at least the 13th century but under Queen Elizabeth I it reached new heights in terms of the extravagance and range of the gifts given.

Courtiers and members of the Queen’s household were expected to present her with gifts. As can be imagined competition to impress the Queen was fierce and there must have been immense pressure to come up with gifts that were valuable enough (many resorted to giving money, usually gold coins, in extravagant silk purses) or useful (she received many perfumed gloves and gold-trimmed hankies) or just intriguing.


In the latter category are many animal jewels, such as an emerald, diamond and ruby serpent with a pendant pearl, given in 1581 by the Countess of Oxford or a golden cat playing with mice and again decorated with diamonds and pearls given the same year by Lady Howard. One can imagine the emerald and diamond salamander or the pearl ship pin from the Cheapside Hoard being equally acceptable New Year’s gifts. The Queen loved puns and many of these jewels would have held hidden meanings and witty jokes for her amusement.


A number of rolls or lists detailing the gifts she received for New Year still survive and give a fascinating glimpse of life in the Elizabethan court. Many of the queen’s admirers liked to give her a gift which would remind her of themselves. Sir Christopher Hatton, whose portrait is on display in the Cheapside Hoard exhibition, on loan from the National Portrait Gallery, frequently used a knot motif and so in around 1585 he gave Elizabeth a headdress, decorated with expensive golden knots. In 1574 the fan that the Earl of Leicester gave her was decorated with bears, part of his device. Others gave gifts that they hoped would get them noticed and some of these were rather fabulous. For example, on New Year’s Day 1581 Sir Walter Raleigh presented Elizabeth with a crown set with Peruvian emeralds which he had captured in a raid on the Spanish fleet the previous year. However, the rolls show that she also received plainer gifts such as a quince pie from John Betts, who was a pastry servant, or a box of lute strings or eighteen larks in a cage.


In return the Queen would give gifts too, and whilst these were sometimes generous in the extreme, more often than not they were of a lower value than those she received. Often she would give an image of herself, such as the cameo portrait of the Queen which Hatton is shown holding in his portrait. A similar, though smaller cameo can be seen on display as part of the Cheapside Hoard. But if you wanted to impress the Queen it seems to have been much more a case of five gold rings rather than a partridge in a pear tree!


New Year's Gifts for Queen Elizabeth: 1565-1566

New Year's gifts anno viito (1565-66)
 (roll is broken and disorganized)

Ladies
By the Lady Burcaveny? in a red Satten purse in di souraignes c s
delyurid to the said John Tamworth
by the lady Clinton two pullings owte of blake Sipers wrought with venice golde And two Ruffes of camerke edgid with pipes of venice golde and silur
delyurid to the said Dorothye
By the Lady Barkeley in a paper in di Soueraignes c s
delyurid to the said John Tameworth
By the lady Dakers of the Sowth a wastecoate of purple satten allour enbradered with Venice siluer
Delyurid to the said Dorothy
By the Lady Dakers of the north in a purse of red silke and siluer in Di soueraignes vi li
By the lady mountioye in a purse of blake silke and siluer knytt in di sour x li
By the Lady Howarde in a purse of red silke and golde knytt in di sou x li
By the Lady of Hunsdon in di Souraignes x li
By the Lady Tailboyes Sr Peter Carowes wief in a purse of blake silke and silur in di soueraignes x li
delyurid to the said John Tamewroth
By the lady Knowles a Cloake & Saufgarde of golde taphata in dentid rounde about and bounde with narrowe passamayne of venice golde
delyurid to the said Rauf Hope
By the Lady Cicell a Remenant of crymsen vellat striped with silur cont viii yerds delyurid to he said Rauf Hope
By the Lady Wodhowse lxxiiii flowers made for pullings owte for a peire of Slevis wrought with venice golde and silke
By the Lady Carowe Sr Gowyns wief a ptelet a Coyf and a peire of Ruffes wrought with venice golde and blake silke
delyurid to the said Dorothye
By the Lady Jobson in a purse of red silke and golde in di Souraignes x li
delyurid to the said John Tameworth
By the Ladye Staffourde a litle tablett of golde ennammled there in set fyve diamonds and foue Rubyes with a pearle pendaunte
with the Quene her Maiestie
By the Lady Mason in a purse of blake silke and siluer knytt in di souragnes c s
By the Lady Butler in a paper in di Souraignes vi li
By the Lady Henningham in a purse of red silke and golde knytt in di sou ccs
delyurid to the said John Tamworth
By the lady Ratlif one standishe of silur and guilt poz xii oz
delyurid in chardge to John Asteley esquier Mr and Threasourer of her Juells
By the Lady Sackevile in a purse of cloth of golde in Angells c s
By the Lady Pallett in a purse of blewe silke and siluer knytt in di sou cs
delyurid to the said John Tameworth
By the Lady Gresham two peire of Swete gloves playne
By the Lady Ffitzwilliams widowe two Cusshion clothes tone wrought with grene and yellowe silke and thother with crymse silke
delyurid to he said Dorothey
By the Lady Parrye in a duckett cont xx ducketts? poz vii oz quart valued vi li xiiis iiiid
Delyurid to the said John Tameworth
By the Lady Cheeke a peire of Slevis a ptelet and a Cawle of cameryke c rossed allour with blake silke and venice golde
delyurid to he said Dorothye.
By the Lady Thropmorton a turquey purse of golde siluer and silke with nedle case having two nedles of golde and foure nedles of siluer therein
wth her maiestie
By the Lady Cheyney a hatt wrought allour with venice gold siluer and seed pearles And Scarff of purple Sipers wrought with venice golde silouer and silke and garnisshed with seede pearle
delyurid to Rauf Hope
By the Lady Cobham oone Remnant of newe making crymsen vellat rewid with golde cont vii yerdes
Delyurid to the saide Rauf Hope

Lordes
By Sir Edwarde Rogers Comptroler in a purse of red silke and golde knytt in di Souraignes vii li
By Sr William Cicell Secretary in a purse of crymsen taphata in di sou xx li
by Sr Fraunces Knowles Vicechamberlayne in a purse of red silke x li
By Sr Ambrose Cave Chauncellor of the Duche in a purse of blake silke siluer knytt two portagnes and two doble souraignes of xxxli the pece x li
By Sr Richard Sackevill under Threasouror in a purse of tawny silke and golde knytt in Angells x li
By Sir John Mason Threasouror of the Chamber in a purse of blake silke and siluer knytt xxx frenche Crownes ix li
delyurid to the said John Tameworth
And two books thone is Vita Plutarchi thother is Resp Gallie Platonis venitie et TH: Mori?
delyurid to he said Blaunche
By Sr William peter in a chery bage of taphata in di souraignes x li
by Sr Walter Mildemaye Chauncellor of the Exchequer in a purse of russett silke and siluer in di Souraignes c s
By Sr Christoher Hayden in a purse of red silke and siluer in Angells xli
By Sr Edwarde Warner in a crymsen vellat purse a portange a doble duckett thre olde angells and two dimy Souraignes vi l xiii s iiii d
By Sr William Cordall mr of the Rowles in a chery bag of purple taphata in Angells x li
By Sr John Thynne in a red Satten purse in di Souraignes c s
by Sr William Damsell in a purse of red silke and siluer knytt in di sou x li
delyurid to the said John Tamworthe
By Sr Thomas Benger a flower being a Roose wherin is sett a Ballas or a garnett
delyurid to the said Blaunch
By Sr Gowen Carowe a fayer Smock wrought wt venice golde and blake silke
delyurid to the said Dorothye
By Sr Peter Carowe in a purse of blake silke and siluer in di sou x li
By Sr Thomas Gresham in a purse of blake silke and siluer in di sou x li
delyurid to the said John Tameworth
By Sr Gilbart Dethike a booke of all tharmes of the knyghtes made since the beginnyng off her highnes Reigne
with her maiestie by John Baptest
By Sr Nicholas Throgmorton a peticoate of crymsen wrought vellat enbr with a fayer border of venice siluer frengid with like siluer
delyurid to the said rauf Hope
By Sr Ffraunces Jobson in a purse of blake silke and siluer x li
by Sr Henry Jarnyngham in a purse of Satten enbrauderid in dimy Souraignes x li
By Sr henry Cromeell in a fayer purse of crymsen silke venice golde and siluer knytt in olde Royalles xv li
delyurid to the said John Tameworth.

Chaplaynes
By Archdeacon Carowe Deane of the Chappell in an olde purse of red silke and golde knytt in di souraignes x li
By Doctor Wottone Deane of Caunterbury in a red Satten purse x li
delyurid to the said John tameworth

Gentlewomen
By Mrs Asteley cheif Gentelwoman of the Prevey Chamber alowe square Stowle of walnuttre the seate courid with yellowe silke nedleworke and knotts of venice siluer and grene silke frengid with siluer and silke
Delyurid in chardge to James Harmon kep of the standinge Guarderobe at Westm
By Mrs Blaunch Apparry a tablet of gold sett with fyve diamondes two Rubyes and a pearle pendaunte poz di oz
Gevon to Elizabeth Knolls
By Mrs Skipwith a peire of pillowebeers allour wrought wth blake silke
delyurid to the said Dorothy
by Mrs Howarde a Chest of Ebony garnisshed wth Copper and guilt
delyurid to George Bredyman kepe of the Palloice at Westm.
By Mrs Hennage a Carpett of Englishemaking the colors moast grene cont iiii yerds scant
[no delivery]
By Mrs Arundell an open partelet of venice siluer and golde purle
By Mrs Knolles a peire of Slevis and a ptelet of white lawne netted
By Mrs Doretie Brodbelt thre pteletts two of them wrought with venice golde and the thirde with venice siluer upon lawne
delyurid to the said Dorothye
By Mrs Marberye a Rayle a Coyphe and a peire of Rufes edgid with blake silke and golde
with the Quene by herself
By Mrs Newton a cusshioncloth wrought with blake silke
delyurid to the said Dorothye
by Mrs Barbye als Penne vi handekercheves edgid with venice golde
delyurid to the said Dorothye
By Mrs Levina Terling a howse paynted and theraboute certayne parsonages in a case of walnuttree
with the quene
By Mrs Amye Shelton sixe handekercheves wrought with an indentid frenge of venice golde
delyurid to the said Dorothye.
By Mrs Elizabeth Shelton two Regesters with lases of blake silke in a boxe of grene vellat
with the Quene by Thomas Asteley
By Mrs Huggans a fayer Sheete allour wrought with hopes and heythornes of red silke frengid and tassellid with venice golde
By Mrs Dane lx flowers in for pullings owte of cameryke wrought with venice golde and silur with a ptelett and a Coller wrought wth like golde & siluer
By Mrs Lucretia an Italion a fayre handekercheve wrought with red silke and golde
By Mrs Smythson Launderis one night Rayle wrought wth blake silke
By Mrs Baptest a ptelett and a Cawle wrought wth venice golde & siluer
By mrs Swigo one hownde of silur being a Cup to drinke in weyeng xii oz
delyurid to the said John Asteley
By Mrs Wingfilde one Coyphe wrought with venice gold siluer and silke

Gentlemen
By Mr John Asteley Master and Threasoror of the Quene her maiesties Juelles and plate one tankerd of siluer guilt fayre wrought and sett with thre camewis headds poz xxxiiii oz
with her maiestie
By Mr thomas Hennage a peire of braselletts of golde enamiled with Tortyses and Crabbes
with her said Maiestie
By Mr Haryngton two Candlesticks of christall garnisshid with siluer and guilt poz lxv oz
delyurid to he said John Astely.
By Mr Bashe in a purse of blake silke and silur in olde golde x li
By Mr Stanlye in a Satten purse in di souraignes vi li
delyurid to the said John Tameworth
By Mr Docter Hewike a pott of grene ging and another of flowres of Oringes
By Mr Docter Master a pott of grene ging and a pott of flowis of Citron
with her maiestie by the said Thomas Asteley.
By Benedike Spinola oone greate Cusshion and two lessr of purple
[break]
…Satten enbrauderid with venice gold siluer and silke cont sweete baggs in them garnisshed with pearle and garnetts in a boxe covrid with carnation vellat with a Cusshioncloth of nettecloth wrought with borders of silke
delyurid to the said Dorothy
By Robotham two peire of blake silke hose knytt
with her maiestie by Ric Todde
By William Huggans twelve sweete baggs of taphata enbrauderid with flowers of venice golde and siluer
delyurid to the said Dorothy
By Smyth Chstom two boltes of Cameryke
delyurid to the said Blaunche
By John Hemyngwaye Poticarye a pott of Quinces a boxe of colliandr comfetts musked: and a boxe of Cordialles manus Christi
By John Soda foure boxes of lozenges and Sugar Plate
with her maiestie by the said Thomas Asteley
By George Webster Master Cooke a Marchepane
By John Bettes Srgaunte of the Pastry a pye of Quinces
by Allen Merchaunte two boltes of Cameryke
by Marke Anthony violan a looking glasse of Christall of the mountayne sett in Ebonye
By Petrucio baldini an Italion a booke of the seven psalmes in latten covrid with blewe Satten
delyurid to the said Blaunche
By Armygell Wade a half picture of mettall of Sigismend King of Polo sett in wod
By Lewis Stockwell Surveior of the Works one table paynted of the Tombe for King Henry Theight
delyurid to the said George Brydeman
By John Baptest one venice Lute
delyurid to Thomas Lychefilde
By Robrt Cooke als Chester one petygree o the Quenis Maiestie from William Conqueror
by Henry Kyllegrewe a Trencher boxe wt thre dossen of Ringes of golde of sundry devices
wth her said maiestie by the said John Tameworth
By Clement Adams Scolemaster to the henchemen one modyle of a peire of steyers
delyurid to the said George Brideman


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