Wednesday, October 7, 2015

Biography - Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency 1594–1650 very young favorite of French King Henry IV 1553-1610



Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency, Princess of Conde (1594–1650) by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)

Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency (1594–1650) was an heiress of one of France's leading families, & later became Princess of Condé by her marriage to Henry II de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (1588-1646). She was the daughter of Henry de Montmorency & his 2nd wife, Louise de Budos.


Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency, Princess of Conde (1594–1650)

Towards the end of his life, King Henri IV of France 1553-1610 became infatuated with the very young Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency.  Some observers insist that her groom saved her from becoming his mistress by spiriting her away from the royal court after their wedding. In 1609, the nearly15-year-old Charlotte Marguerite wed the Henry II, Prince of Condé. The smitten king died in 1610.


Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency, Princess of Conde (1594–1650)

Along with many other French nobles, her husband bitterly opposed the rule of Marshal d'Ancre, who abandoned the policy of the late, amorous King Henry IV. In September 1616, Henry II, Prince of Condé & Charlotte Marguerite were arrested & imprisoned at Vincennes, where their daughter Anne Genevieve was conceived & born 3 years later, in 1619. They had 3 children, Anne-Geneviève, Louis II, & Armand, all of whom distinguished themselves during the Fronde period.


Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency, Princess of Conde (1594–1650) ? This portrait is perhaps the Princess of Conde.

In 1632, Charlotte-Marguerite's only brother, Henri, Duke of Montmorency was executed for reported intrigues against Cardinal Richelieu. The title passed to her. Her husband died 4 years, before she did. She was buried at the Carmel du faubourg Saint-Jacques, a Carmelite convent in Paris.


Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency, Princess of Conde (1594–1650)


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