Tuesday, October 6, 2015

Biography - Marie de Medici, Queen of France 1573-1642



Portrait of Marie de Medici, Queen of France (1573-1642) as a young girl

Marie was the daughter of Francesco de’ Medici, grand duke of Tuscany, & Joanna of Austria. Shortly after France's Henry IV divorced his wife, Margaret, he married Marie in October 1600, ostensibly to obtain a large dowry to help pay mounting debts.


Detail of Coronation of Marie de Medici, Queen of France (1573-1642) by Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish Baroque painter, 1577-1640)

Dutifully, in 1601, Marie gave birth to the dauphin Louis, the future Louis XIII. During the following 8 years, she bore the king 5 more children. 



Despite their ability to produce heirs, reportedly their personal relationship was strained. Marie resented Henry’s endless infidelities, & the king despised her reportedly unscrupulous Florentine friends, Concino Concini & his wife Leonora. Upon the assassination of Henry IV on May 14, 1610, the Parliament of Paris proclaimed Marie regent for her son the young King Louis XIII.


Marie de Medici, Queen of France (1573-1642) by Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish Baroque painter, 1577-1640)


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