Monday, October 5, 2015

Biography - Queen Margaret ‎(House of Habsburg) of Austria 1584–1611 a short life



Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain (1584–1611)

Margaret of Austria (1584–1611), of the Habsburg family, became Queen consort of Spain & Portugal by her marriage to King Philip III, of the Habsburg family. Margaret was the daughter of Archduke Charles II of Austria, the son of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I & Maria Anna of Bavaria.


Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain (1584–1611) by Juan Pantoja de la Cruz (Spanish painter, 1553-1608)

When she was 14, Margaret married Philip III of Spain (1576-1621), her 1st cousin, once-removed, in 1599, & became a very influential figure at her husband's court.


Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain (1584–1611) by Juan Pantoja de la Cruz (Spanish painter, 1553-1608)

Although it was one of those strategically arranged marriages between the Austrian & Spanish Habsburgs, Philip had an "affectionate, close relationship" with Margaret, & paid her even more attention, after she bore him a son in 1605.


1603-09 Margaret of Austria by Bartolomé González y Serrano (1564–1627) 1603-1609

At the Spanish court, the Austrian Margaret was a patroness of the arts, a pious Catholic, "astute & very skillful" in her political dealings.


1607 Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain (1584–1611) by Juan Pantoja de la Cruz (Spanish painter, 1553-1608)

However, life was not without its conflicts.  The pro-Austrian camp at the Spanish court was opposed by the Duke of Lerma, the King's chief minister, who argued that Spain should pursue her own course of action independently of religious (Catholic) or dynastic (Habsburg Family) ties.


1609 Bartolomé González y Serrano (1564–1627) Portrait of Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain (1584–1611)

Queen Margaret was "melancholic" & unhappy about the influence of Duke, whom she considered corrupt & continually fought him for influence over the king.


Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain (1584–1611) by Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez

The Duke of Lerma was eventually removed from power in 1618, but Margaret was already dead.


Juan Pantoja de la Cruz (Spanish painter, 1553-1608) Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain (1584–1611) with her daughter Infanta Maria Anna who lived from Feb 1-Feb 2, 1603

Margaret & Philip were the parents of 8 children, of whom 5 survived into adulthood. At age 26, Margaret died, while giving birth to her child, Alfonso. Her husband never remarried & died 10 years later.


Portrait of Andres Lopez King Philip III of Spain (1576-1621)


Bartolomé González y Serrano (1564–1627) Portrait of the children of Philip III of Spain (Ferdinand, Alfonso and Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain (1584–1611) 1612


Detail Child of Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain (1584–1611) by Bartolomé González y Serrano (1564–1627) Alfonso Mauricio who lived 1611-12.


Detail Child of Margaret of Austria, Queen of Spain (1584–1611) by Bartolomé González y Serrano (1564–1627). Margarethe who lived 1610-17


Santiago Morán el Viejo (1571-1626) Child of Margarethe of Austria, Queen of Spain (1584–1611)


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