Sunday, July 12, 2015

Tennis & more from German artist Lotte Laserstein 1898-1990



Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Tennis Player 1929



Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Self Portrait

German-born Lotte Laserstein told a friend when she was 5, that she had decided to become a painter & to remain unmarried. Sometime after her father's death, Laserstein and her family settled in Berlin in 1912.  There, having received her initial art training in a school run by one of her aunts, Laserstein became one of the few female students at the Berlin Academic College of Fine Arts from 1919-1925. Working with Erich Wolfsfeld from 1925-1927, Laserstein became an accomplished realist painter, winning the Academy's gold medal for her work. She soon had her own pupils, & her 1st one-person exhibition at a Berlin gallery in 1930, garnered critical praise. Meanwhile, to supplement her income Laserstein took various jobs making decorative art & illustrating an anatomy text.

Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Photo of the artist painting Evening over Potsdam 1930

In 1930, she  moved to Wilmersdorf.  Her style changed around this time, exchanging flat surfaces with strong contours for a looser, airier brush.  Despite her increasing success, the rise of Nazism in Germany began to affect Laserstein's life. In 1933, because her paternal grandfather was Jewish, Laserstein was no longer able to exhibit. The racial ideology of the National Socialists declared Lotte La­serstein a "three-quarter Jew;" and as a consequence, she was excluded from all public activity as an artist. She was discharged from the executive committee of the Art Association.  Laserstein's mother's apartment & many of her valuables were confiscated by the state. It became increasingly difficult for Laserstein to find artists' materials; & in 1935, she was forced to close her studio. In 1937, Laserstein moved to Stockholm, where she remained for the rest of her life, becoming a member of the Swedish Academy of Arts as a respected portraitist. In 1938, in order to obtain Swedish citizenship, Lotte Laserstein married Sven Marcus pro forma; but she never lived with him. She made continued fruitless efforts to help her mother, her sister Käte and Käte's companion to leave Germany.  Her sister eventually joined Laserstein in Sweden, but their mother died in at Ravensbruck, a German concentration camp. In 1963, Lotte Laserstein joined Konstnärernas Riksorganisation, the Swedish association of fine artists.  Her 1987 exhibitions in London heralded an international rediscovery of her work.


Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Two Women (Self Portrait) 1928



Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Self Portrait 1938


Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Self Portrait


Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Self Portrait



Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Motorcyclist 1929



Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Two Boys with Sailboat 1938



Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Rolf and Gun Bolin



Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990)



Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Sven Svensson 1942



Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Young Girl



Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Ung flicka i hage



Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Boy Playing a Mandolin



Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) The Yellow Parasol



Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Girl


Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Rysk flicka med puderdosa, 1928


Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Evening over Potsdam 1930



Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Dita Neumann 1944


Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Portrait of a Woman


Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Dita Neumann im grünen Kleid. 1944



Lotte Laserstein (German artist, 1898-1990) Self Portrait


Women Playing Tennis in both private & public gardens & parks



Otto Henry Bacher (American painter, 1856–1909) Portrait of Mary Holland

The modern form of tennis evolved in the 19th-century. Between 1859 & 1865, in Birmingham, England, Major Harry Gem, a solicitor, & his friend Augurio Perera, a Spanish merchant, combined elements of the game of rackets & the Spanish ball game Pelota playing it on a croquet lawn in Edgbaston. In 1872, both men moved to Leamington Spa; & in 1874, with 2 doctors from the Warneford Hospital, they founded the world's 1st tennis club, the Leamington Tennis Club.

In December 1873, Major Walter Clopton Wingfield designed & patented a similar game—which he called Sphairistikè (from ancient Greek meaning "skill at playing at ball" soon known simply as "sticky") for the amusement of his guests at a garden party on his estate of Nantclwyd, in Llanelidan, Wales. He likely based his game on the evolving sport of outdoor tennis including real tennis.

Much of modern tennis terminology also derives from this period, as Wingfield borrowed both the name and much of the French vocabulary of real tennis and applied them to his new game.   Tennis comes from the French tenez, the imperative form of the verb tenir, to hold. This was a cry used by the player serving in royal tennis, meaning "I am about to serve!"   Racquet comes from raquette, which derives from the Arabic rakhat, meaning the palm of the hand. Deuce comes from à deux le jeu, meaning "to both is the game" (that is, the two players have equal scores). The origin of the use of Love for zero is disputed. It is possible that it derives from "l'oeuf," the French word for "egg," representing the shape of a zero.


George Goodwin Kilburne (English painter, 1839-1924) A Game of Tennis



Francis Sydney Muschamp (British artist, 1851-1929) A Game of Tennis



John Lavery (Irish painter, 1856-1941) A Game of Tennis



Leopold Franz Kowalski (French painter, 1856-1931) A Game of Tennis



John Strickland Goodall (British artist, 1908–1996) A Game of Tennis



Horace Henry Cauty (English genre painter, 1846-1909) The Tennis Match



Arthur Hacker (English Pre-Raphaelite painter, 1858-1919) The Artist's Sister 1882



John Strickland Goodall (British artist, 1908–1996) A Game of Tennis



Max Liebermann (German Impressionist Painter, 1847-1935) Tennis Player by the Sea



Tom Simpson (British artist, 1877-1964) The Tennis Party



John Strickland Goodall (British artist, 1908–1996) A Game of Tennis



James Wallace (British artist, 1872-1911) A Game of Tennis in Battersea Park



Max Liebermann (German Impressionist Painter, 1847-1935) Tennis Court with Players



Samuel John Peploe (Scotland artist, 1871-1935) Game of Tennis, Luxembourg Gardens, c 1906



Tom Simpson (British artist, 1877-1964) Edwardians at Tennis



Tom Simpson (British artist, 1877-1964) The Tennis Party



John Lavery (Irish painter, 1856-1941) Tennis



Louis Prang (American artist, 1824-1909)  Lawn Tennis



 Edith Hayllar (British Painter, 1860-1948) After Tennis