Wednesday, October 21, 2015

Porcelain & enamel portraits by Leonard Limousin or Limosin, French painter c 1505-1577

Leonard Limousin or Limosin  (French painter c 1505-1577) Françoise d'Orléans-Longueville, princesse de Condé

Leonard Limousin (or Limosin) (c 1505-c 1577) was a French painter, the most famous of a family of 7 Limoges enamel painters, the sons of an innkeeper. Limoges had been famous for its enamelers & goldsmiths since the Middle Ages. He may have learned the enameling craft in a local workshop. Encouraged by the Bishop of Limoges, Limosin produced painted enamels on copper in all forms, including plates & plaques with mythological & religious subjects. His prolific workshop produced more than 1,000 pieces between 1533 & 1574.

Leonard Limousin or Limosin  (French painter c 1505-1577)  Dido

Following the taste of the Renaissance for portraits of heroes of antiquity, Léonard Limosin portrayed on enamel & copper the theme of Ovid's poem Heroides, about the tragic love affairs of heros & heroines as portraits. Hercules & Dejanira, Jason & Medea, Ariadne & Theseus, Phaedra & Hippolytus, Protesilaus, Paris, Briseis or Orestes, are all identified by their names written in gold letters, on a background in intense blue, typical of the artist’s famous portraits.

Leonard Limousin or Limosin  (French painter c 1505-1577) Antoinette de Bourbon épouse de Claude de Lorraine

Limosin also supplied enameled plaques for Francis I's gallery at Fontainebleau, the largest collection of 16C French art. In 1548, he was appointed Enameler to the King. Limosin carried on a tradition begun by Italian painters working in France intended to suggest jewels. Limosin's profound influence on enamel work lasted through the 1600s.

Leonard Limousin or Limosin  (French painter c 1505-1577) Catherine de Lorraine, duchesse de Montpensier (1551-1596)


Leonard Limousin or Limosin  (French painter c 1505-1577) Deianira Ovid's poem Heroides.


Leonard Limousin or Limosin  (French painter c 1505-1577) Eléonore d'Autriche


Leonard Limousin or Limosin  (French painter c 1505-1577) la sibylle d'Erythrée from a series of 20, representing the apostles, sibyls and prophets from the Church of the Convent of Santa Maria Della Celeste at Venice 1535


Leonard Limousin or Limosin  (French painter c 1505-1577) From Ovid's poem Heroides.


Leonard Limousin or Limosin  (French painter c 1505-1577) From Ovid's poem Heroides.


 Leonard Limousin or Limosin  (French painter c 1505-1577) Mary Magdalena


Leonard Limousin or Limosin  (French painter c 1505-1577) From Ovid's poem Heroides.

A few 16C miniatures from Stourhead in England


Italian School Girl with a Feather in her Hair National Trust Collections Stourhead, Wiltshire 1560-70

I first visited Stourhead on a beautiful May day, when a blanket of snow covered blossoms on Rhododendron ponticum planted there since the late 18th-century.  I went to see this great garden, & it was an amazing sight.  I immediately understood why it is one of the great landscape gardens in the world.  The house was not why I came, but it captivated me as well.  The Stourhead garden was created in the valley behind the 1725 Palladian mansion house by a wealthy English banker Henry Hoare II (1705-1785) who had been off buying works of art in Italy at the time he inherited the Stourhead estate.  A group of the smallest works of art in Stourhead is this collection of continental miniatures from the late 1500s to the early 1600s.



Spanish School An Unknown Lady in a Gold Dress National Trust Collections Stourhead, Wiltshire



Continental School An Unknown Lady with Towering Red Hair National Trust Collections Stourhead, Wiltshire



Continental School An Unknown Lady in a Black Dress National Trust Collections Stourhead, Wiltshire



Continental School An Unknown Lady in a Black Dress National Trust Collections Stourhead, Wiltshire



Continental School An Unknown Lady in a Black Dress National Trust Collections Stourhead, Wiltshire

Portraits of Women by Albrect Durer (1471-1528)

. Albrect Durer (1471-1528) Felicitas Tucher nee Rieter

1520 Albrect Durer (1471-1528) Head of a Woman c 1520


1506 Albrect Durer (1471-1528) Head of an Angel


1506 Albrect Durer (1471-1528) Portrait of a Venetian Woman 

1497 Albrect Durer (1471-1528) Portrait of a Young Furleger with her Hair Up 


1497 Albrect Durer (1471-1528) Portrait of a Young Furleger with Loose Hair 


1507 Albrect Durer (1471-1528) Portrait of a Young Girl 


1490 Albrect Durer (1471-1528) Portrait of Barbara Durere, The Artist's Mother 


1499 Albrect Durer (1471-1528) Portrait of Elsbeth Tucher 


Albrect Durer (1471-1528) Young Venetian Woman




 1497 Albrect Durer (1471-1528) Portrait