Saturday, May 28, 2016

17C Euro Gardens - Enghien - Orangerie

Romeyn de Hooghe (Dutch artist, 1645-1708) The Organgerie at the Renaissance gardens at Enghien near Hainault

Orangeries 1st first began to appear as an element of landscape design in the Renaissance gardens of Italy as large panels of protective glass began to be manufactured there. Soon, orangeries became a staple of the Dutch baroque gardens (often built in glass-enclosed hot-houses or warmed with stove fires to protect against the harshness of Northern European winters) & often were associated with the legendary gardens of the Hesperides, where the Greek hero Hercules received the golden apples as reward for his virtues. Here a fountain displaysthe Three Graces. Like Hercules, the Graces were the illegitimate children of Zeus, the King of the Gods. While Hercules epitomised strength, the Graces - Euphrosyne, Aglaea and Thalia - were represented beauty, grace & wisdom.