Monday, September 5, 2016

Before Labor Day, of course - Women in White Gather Outdoors...

1910 Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida (Spanish artist, 1863-1923) My Wife and Daughters in the Garden

Catherine Wiley (American painter, 1879-1958) A Sunlit Afternoon 1915

Anna Lee Stacey (American painter, 1871-1943) On the Hillside 1906

1914 Konstantin Korovin (Russian asrtist, 1861-1939). Gurzuf. In the Garden

Charles Ebert (1873-1959) Mary Roberts Ebert with Betty 1906

1916 Konstantin Korovin (Russian asrtist, 1861-1939). Veranda

Rae Sloan Bredin (American painter, 1881-1933) Lawn Fete 1920

1919 Henri Matisse (French artist, 1869-1954)Tea in the Garden

The American dictum that women shouldn't wear white clothing before Memorial Day & after Labor Day has been around at least since the Civil War. The wives of the super-rich dominated high society after the Civil War. As more & more people became financially successful, though, it was difficult to tell the difference between "old money" in elite families & those who only had "new money." By the 1880s, in order to tell who was "acceptable" & who wasn’t, some elite women felt it necessary to create fashion "rules," that everyone "in the know" knew to follow. Not wearing white outside the summer months was one of these rules. In the non-air-conditioned early 20C, the summer "season" was defined by Memorial Day & Labor Day, when those-who-could flocked from town house to seaside "cottage" or mountain "cabin" to escape the oppressive summer heat. City clothes were left behind in exchange for lighter, whiter, summer costumes. Come fall, as well-to-do families returned to the city, more formal, darker city clothes were donned once more. And many in the large cities heated their environs with coal. The soot from the coal spread through the heated indoor spaces & coal dust quickly would stain light garbs. So folks changed to a darker wardrobe around Labor Day. This coincided with the growth of fashion magazines available to all levels of society. The magazines reflected the no white after Labor Day rule in the glossy, seductive pages of Harper's Bazaar & Vogue, which set the fashion tone for the country. This practice progressed from tradition, into rule, & finally into an identifiable cultural faux pas.