Saturday, August 6, 2016

Dog Days of Summer - 18C European & English Children & dogs

18C European & British Children & Dogs

1700 Unknown artist The 3 Children, Edward (1694–1727), Elizabeth and Catherine, of Griffith Rice of Newton House and His Wife, née Katherine Hoby of Neath Abbey

1700s Bartholomew Dandridge (Englsih artist, 1691-c.1754) (Circle of) Portrait of Unknown Young Girl in Pink with a Dog

1700s Bartholomew Dandridge (Englsih artist, 1691-c.1754) A Young Girl with a Dog and a Page

1700s Isaac Whood (British artist, 1688-1689–1752) Two Boys with Greyhounds

1700s Joseph Highmore (English artist,  1692-1780) The Children of Hughes Minet

1705 Unknown artist of the British (English) School Thomas Peter Strickland (1701–1754), and Jarrard Strickland (1704–1791), as Boys with Dog

1710 Pierre Gobert (French artist, 1662–1744) Portrait of Léopold Clément de Lorraine, Hereditary Prince of Lorraine (1707-1723)

1710 Portrait of Anna Elisabeth Theophila of Neuburg (1709-1712), daughter of w Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine

1714 Nicholas de Largilliere (French artist, 1656-1746) Portrait of Young Nobleman Louis, Dauphin of France (1707-1712) with Dog

1714 Pierre Gobert (French artist, 1662-1744) Portrait of Louis XV as a child

1725 Maria Giovanna Clementi (1690–1761) Portrait of Vittorio Amedeo Teodoro, Duke of Aosta (1723-1725), son of Carlo Emanuele III and Cristina of Sulzbach

1752 Hans Hysing (Swedish-born English artist, 1678-1753) George Bubb Dodington, 1st Baron Melcombe in his childhood

1761 François-Hubert Drouais (French artist, 1727–1775) Children of the Marquis de Béthune Playing with a Dog

1768 Francesco Guardi A Young Girl of the Gradenigo Family with a Dove and Dog

1773 Unknown artist James Shaw George Harry, Lord Grey of Groby (1765–1845), Later 6th Earl of Stamford, as a Young Boy

1785 John Hoppner (English artist, 1758-1810) Portrait of Amelia of the United Kingdom (1783-1810)

1787 Joshua Reynolds (English artist, 1723-1792) Miss Anna Ward with Her Dog

Late 1700s Unknown artist, Girl with a Gun and a Hound

Dog Days of Summer is the name for the most sultry period of summer, from about July 3 to Aug. 11. Named in early times by observers in countries bordering the Mediterranean, the period was determined to extend from 20 days before to 20 days after the conjunction of Sirius (the dog star) & the sun.  The Greek poets Hesiod (ca. 750-650 BCE) & Aratus (ca. 310–240 BCE) refer, in their writings, to "the heat of late summer that the Greeks believed was actually brought on by the appearance of Sirius," a star in the constellation, that the later Romans, & we today refer to as Canis Major, literally the "greater dog" constellation. Homer, in the Iliad, references the association of "Orion's dog" (Sirius) with oncoming heat, fevers, & evil, in describing the approach of Achilles toward Troy:
Sirius rises late in the dark, liquid sky
On summer nights, star of stars,
Orion's Dog they call it, brightest
Of all, but an evil portent, bringing heat
And fevers to suffering humanity.

The term "dog days" was used by the Greeks in Aristotle's Physics.  Astronomer Geminus, around 70 B.C., wrote: "It is generally believed that Sirius produces the heat of the 'dog days,' but this is an error, for the star merely marks a season of the year when the sun"s heat is the greatest." The lectionary of 1559 edition of the Episcopal Book of Common Prayer indicates: "Naonae. Dog days begin" with the readings for July 7 & end August 18. But the readings for September 5 indicate: "Naonae. Dog days end."  This corresponds very closely to the lectionary of the 1611 edition of the King James Bible which indicates the Dog Days beginning on July 6 & ending on September 5.