Friday, August 12, 2016

Dog Days of Summer - Pierre Bonnard 1867-1947

Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) Two Poodles 1891

 Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) Marthe Bonnard and her Dog 1906

 Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) Mlle Andree Bonnard with Her Dogs

 Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) Terrasse family 1900

 Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) Natanson Girls, 1906-1910.

 Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) The Red Checkered Tablecloth or The Dog's Lunch 1910

 Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) The Terrasse Children with Black Dog. 1902.

 Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) Woman with a Dog 1922

 Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) Woman with a Dog

 Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) Woman with a Dog

 Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) Woman with a Polka Dot Dress with Dog

Pierre Bonnard, (1867-1947). Marthe and the Dog, Black 1905

Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) Woman with a Dog

Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) Nude in Bath Tub

Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) Women with Dog 1891

Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) Dogs in Eragny 1893

Pierre Bonnard (1867-1947) Nude in Bath with Small Dog

Pierre Bonnard, (1867-1947). Figures in the Street 1894

Dog Days of Summer is the name for the most sultry period of summer, from about July 3 to Aug. 11. Named in early times by observers in countries bordering the Mediterranean, the period was determined to extend from 20 days before to 20 days after the conjunction of Sirius (the dog star) & the sun.  The Greek poets Hesiod (ca. 750-650 BCE) & Aratus (ca. 310–240 BCE) refer, in their writings, to "the heat of late summer that the Greeks believed was actually brought on by the appearance of Sirius," a star in the constellation, that the later Romans, & we today refer to as Canis Major, literally the "greater dog" constellation. Homer, in the Iliad, references the association of "Orion's dog" (Sirius) with oncoming heat, fevers, & evil, in describing the approach of Achilles toward Troy:
Sirius rises late in the dark, liquid sky
On summer nights, star of stars,
Orion's Dog they call it, brightest
Of all, but an evil portent, bringing heat
And fevers to suffering humanity.

The term "dog days" was used by the Greeks in Aristotle's Physics.  Astronomer Geminus, around 70 B.C., wrote: "It is generally believed that Sirius produces the heat of the 'dog days,' but this is an error, for the star merely marks a season of the year when the sun"s heat is the greatest." The lectionary of 1559 edition of the Episcopal Book of Common Prayer indicates: "Naonae. Dog days begin" with the readings for July 7 & end August 18. But the readings for September 5 indicate: "Naonae. Dog days end."  This corresponds very closely to the lectionary of the 1611 edition of the King James Bible which indicates the Dog Days beginning on July 6 & ending on September 5.