Thursday, February 9, 2017

Woman Artist - Fede Galizia 1578-1630 including Biblical Judith & Holofernes

Fede Galizia (1578 – 1630) was an Italian Renaissance painter, a pioneer of the still life genre. Known as Galizia, she was born in Milan. Her father, artist Nunzio Galizia, also a painter of miniatures, had moved to Milan from Trento.

Fede Galizia (Italian painter, 1578-1630), Judith with the Head of Holofernes

Fede learned to paint from her father. By the age of 12, she was sufficiently accomplished as an artist to be mentioned by Gian Paolo Lomazzo, a painter & art theorist friend of her father, who wrote, "This girl dedicates herself to imitate our most extraordinary art."

Fede Galizia (Italian painter, 1578-1630), Still Life

Although she reportedly composed other versions of "Judith with the Head of Holofernes," Galizia is best-known today for her pioneering still-life paintings — simple, elegant compositions featuring form and color rather than showy displays of wealth.  Some of the most highly skilled practitioners of still-life painting in Italy during this period were women, whose gender usually excluded them from painting grander subjects, such as histories & allegories.

Fede Galizia (Italian painter, 1578-1630), Still Life

Fede Galizia (Italian painter, 1578-1630), Maiolica Basket of Fruit, 1610s.