Friday, January 1, 2016

Queen Elizabeth I - New Year's Gifts 1578-1579



c 1575 Queen Elizabeth I 1533-1603 The Schloss Ambras Portrait

An explanation of these lists appeared on the Museum of London blog.  Thought I would share it here to give a background on these amazing lists.

In Elizabethan London, New Year’s Day was the big time to give and receive gifts, particularly at court. The tradition appears to date back to at least the 13th century but under Queen Elizabeth I it reached new heights in terms of the extravagance and range of the gifts given.

Courtiers and members of the Queen’s household were expected to present her with gifts. As can be imagined competition to impress the Queen was fierce and there must have been immense pressure to come up with gifts that were valuable enough (many resorted to giving money, usually gold coins, in extravagant silk purses) or useful (she received many perfumed gloves and gold-trimmed hankies) or just intriguing.


In the latter category are many animal jewels, such as an emerald, diamond and ruby serpent with a pendant pearl, given in 1581 by the Countess of Oxford or a golden cat playing with mice and again decorated with diamonds and pearls given the same year by Lady Howard. One can imagine the emerald and diamond salamander or the pearl ship pin from the Cheapside Hoard being equally acceptable New Year’s gifts. The Queen loved puns and many of these jewels would have held hidden meanings and witty jokes for her amusement.


A number of rolls or lists detailing the gifts she received for New Year still survive and give a fascinating glimpse of life in the Elizabethan court. Many of the queen’s admirers liked to give her a gift which would remind her of themselves. Sir Christopher Hatton, whose portrait is on display in the Cheapside Hoard exhibition, on loan from the National Portrait Gallery, frequently used a knot motif and so in around 1585 he gave Elizabeth a headdress, decorated with expensive golden knots. In 1574 the fan that the Earl of Leicester gave her was decorated with bears, part of his device. Others gave gifts that they hoped would get them noticed and some of these were rather fabulous. For example, on New Year’s Day 1581 Sir Walter Raleigh presented Elizabeth with a crown set with Peruvian emeralds which he had captured in a raid on the Spanish fleet the previous year. However, the rolls show that she also received plainer gifts such as a quince pie from John Betts, who was a pastry servant, or a box of lute strings or eighteen larks in a cage.


In return the Queen would give gifts too, and whilst these were sometimes generous in the extreme, more often than not they were of a lower value than those she received. Often she would give an image of herself, such as the cameo portrait of the Queen which Hatton is shown holding in his portrait. A similar, though smaller cameo can be seen on display as part of the Cheapside Hoard. But if you wanted to impress the Queen it seems to have been much more a case of five gold rings rather than a partridge in a pear tree!


New Year's Gifts for Queen Elizabeth: 1578-1579

Anno Regni Regine Eliz. 21o, 1578-9.
New Yer's Guiftes giuen to the Quene's Maiestie at her Highnes Manor of Richmond, by these Persons whose Names hereafter do ensue, the First of January, the Yere abouesaid.

 £. s. d.
By the Lady Margret Countes of Darby, a trayne gowne of tawny vellat.
Delivered to Rauff Hope, Yoman of her Roobes.
By Sir Nicholas Bacon, Knight, Lorde Keper of the Greate Seale of Inglande, in golde and siluer 13 6 8
By the Lorde Burley, Lorde High Treausorour of Inglande, in golde 20 0 0
By the Lorde Marquis of Winchester, in golde 20 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sackford, Grome.

Earles.
By therle of Leycetour, Master of the Horses, a verey feyer juell of golde, being a clocke fully furnished with small diamonds pointed, and a pendaunte of golde, diamonds, and rubyes, very smale; and upon eche side a lozenge diamonde, and an apple of golde enamuled grene and russet.
Delivered to the Lady Hawarde.
By therle of Arondell, in golde 30 0 0
By therle of Shrewesbury, in golde 20 0 0
By therle of Darby, in golde 20 0 0
By therle of Sussex, Lorde Chamberleyn, in golde 20 0 0
By therle of Lincoln, Lord Admirall of Inglande, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to the aforesaid Henry Sackford.
By therle of Warwyck, a juell of golde, being a very great tophas set in gold, ennamuled with 8 perles pendant.
Delivered to the Lady Hawarde.
By therle of Bedforde, in golde 20 0 0
Delivered to the foresaid Henry Sackford.
By therle of Oxforde, a very feyer juell of golde, wherein is a helmet of golde and small diamonds furnished, and under the same is five rubyes, one bigger then threst, and a small diamond brokenne; and all threst of the same juell furnesshed with small diamonds.
Delivered to the Lady Hawarde.
By therle of Rutlande, in golde 10 0 0
By therle of Huntingdon, in golde 10 0 0
By therle of Penbroke, in golde 20 0 0
By therle of Northumberlande, in golde 10 0 0
By therle of Southampton, in golde 20 0 0
Delivered to the foresaid Henry Sackford.
By therle of Hertford, a small peyer of writing tabells enamuled with a grashopper, all of golde, ennamuled grene on the backsyde, and a pynne of golde having a small perle at thende thereof.
By therle of Ormonde, a very fayre juell of golde, whearin are three large emeraldes sett in roses white and redd, one bigger than the other twoo; all the rest of the same juell garnished with roses and flowers enamuled, furnished with very smale dyamonds and rubyes; aboute the edge very smale perles; and in the bottome is parte of a flower-de-luce garnished with smale diamondes, rubyes, and one sapher, with three meane pearles pendaunte, two of them smale; the backsyde a flower-de-luce enamuled greene.
By therle of Surr', a gyrdill of tawny vellat embrawdred with sede perle, the buckyll and pendant of golde.
Delivered to the Lady Hawarde.

Vicount.
By the Vicounte Mountague, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to the foresaid Henry Sackford.

Duchesses, Marquisses, and Countess.
By the Duches of Suffolke, a lylly pot of agathe, a lylly flower going owte of it garnsshed with roses of rubyes and diamonds hanging at two small cheynes of golde.
Delivered to the Lady Hawarde.
By the Duches of Somerset, in golde and silver 18 6 8
By the Lady Marques of Winchester, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to the foresaid Henry Sackford.
By the Lady Marques of Northampton, a gyrdill of golde with buckells and pendants of golde, garneshed with sparks of rubyes and diamonds, and also 10 perles set in colletts of golde.
Delivered to the Lady Hawarde.
By the Countes of Shrewesbury, a mantyll of tawny satten enbrawdred with a border of Venice golde and silver, lyned with white taphata, and faced with white satten.
By the Countes of Warwyk, a cap of black vellat with 13 buttons of golde, in every of them eyther a ruby or diamonde; and a knot of small perle, with a garter and a byrde upon the same; and a perle pendant.
Delivered to the foresaid Rauf Hoope.
By the Countes of Sussex, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to the foresaid Henry Sackford.
By the Countess of Bedford, a foreparte of white satten, enbrawdred with black sylke and golde, with two feyer borders of Venice golde and sede perle enbrawdred.
Delivered to the foresaid Rauf Hoope.
By the Countes of Lincoln, a jug of marbill garnesshed with golde, per oz. 18 oz. di. qr.
Remaynyng with John Astley, Master of the Juells.
By the Countes of Huntingdon, in golde 8 0 0
Delivered to the foresaid Henry Sackford.
By the Countes of Oxford, a foreparte of a kyrtyll of white satten enbrawdred with flowers of silver, and two borders of golde and sede perle enbrawdred upon black vellat.
Delivered to the foresaid Rauf Hoope.
By the Countes of Penbroke, doager, in golde 12 0 0
By the Countes Penbroke, junior, in golde 10 0 0
By the Countes of Northumberlande, in golde 10 0 0
By the Countes of Southampton, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to the foresaid Henry Sackford.
By the Countes of Essex, a greate cheyne of amber slightly garneshed with golde and small perle.
Delivered to the Lady Hawarde.
By the Countes of Rutlande, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to the foresaid Henry Sackford.
By the Countes of Kent, doager, a mufler of purple vellat, enbrawdred with Venice and damaske golde and perle.
Delivered to Mrs. Elizabeth Knowlls.
By the Countes of Kent, junior, a foreparte of a kyrtyll network, floureshed with golde and tufts of sundry coloured sylke.
Delivered to the foresaid Rauf Hoope.
By the Vicecountes of Mountague, in golde 10 0 0

Busshops.
By the Archebusshop of Yorke, in golde 30 0 0
By the Busshop of Ely, in golde 30 0 0
By the Busshop of Dureham, in golde 30 0 0
By the Busshop of London, in golde 20 0 0
By the Busshop of Winchester, in golde 20 0 0
By the Busshop of Salisbury, in golde 20 0 0
By the Busshop of Lincoln, in golde 20 0 0
By the Busshop of Norwiche, in golde 20 0 0
By the Busshop of Worcetour, in golde 20 0 0
By the Busshop of Lichfelde, in golde and silver 8 6 8
By the Busshop of Hereford, in golde 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Seint David, in golde 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Karlyle, in golde 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Bathe, in golde 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Peterborough, in golde 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Glocestour, in golde 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Chicester, in golde 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Rochester, in golde 10 0 0

Lordes.
By the Lorde of Burgavenny, in golde 30 0 0
Delivered to the foresaid Henry Sackford.
By the Lorde Howarde, a lock of golde, black ennamuled, garneshed with 16 small diamonds.
Delivered to the Lady Hawarde.
By the Lorde Russell, a cawle of here, garneshed with buttons of golde, within ennamuled, and set with ragged perle.
Delivered to the Mrs. Elizabeth Knowlls.
By the Lorde Riche, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Darcy of Chyche, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Shandowes, in golde and silver 6 13 4
By the Lorde North, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Paget, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Stafford, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Compton, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Norrys of Rycote, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Lumley, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Wharton, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Morley, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to the foresaid Henry Sackford.
By the Lorde Cobham, a dublet of white satten lyned with murry, white sarcenet leyed with a pasmane of golde and sylke.
Delivered to the foresaid Rauf Hope.
By the Lorde Henry Hawarde, a juell of golde, being a ded tre with mysaltow, set at the rote with sparks of diamonds and rubys.

Baronesses.
By the Lady Baronesse Burleigh, 36 buttons of golde, one broken.
Delivered to the Lady Haward.
By the Lady Barones Howarde, Dowager, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to the forsaid Henry Sackford.
By the Lady Barones Howard, jun. a juell of golde, garnesshed with rubys and diamonds, and thre smale perles pendant.
Delivered to the same Lady Hawarde.
By the Lady Barones Cobham, a petticote of crymsen rewed with silver.
By the Lady Barones Dacres, a gowne of wrought vellat.
Delivered to the forsaid Rauf Hope.
By the Lady Barones Tayleboyes, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to the forsaid Henry Sackford.
By the Lady Barones Shandowes, douger, a feyer skarf of grene sersenet enbrawdred with byrds and flowers of sylke and golde of sundry collours, frenged with Venice golde, and lyned with murry sarceonet.
By the Lady Barones Shandowes, jun. a vale of black networke flurreshed with flowers of silver and a small bone lace.
Delivered to Mrs. Elizabeth Knowlls.
By the Lady Barones Seint John Bletzelow, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to the forsaid Henry Sackford.
By the Lady Barones Paget, the Lord's wyf, a pettycote of cloth of golde, stayned black and white, with a bone lace of golde and and spangells leyed lyke waves of the see.
Delivered to the foresaid Rauf Hope.
By the Barones Paget Darce, a small cheyne of golde, with a luer of golde hanging at it, on thone syde a white dove, and on thother syde a hawke with a button white ennamuled.
By the Lady Barones Cheyny, a carcanet of golde, cont' 8 peces, with byrds and frute ennamuled.
Delivered to the foresaid Lady Hawarde.
By the Lady Barones Awdeley, a foreparte of a kyrtill of orenge collored satten.
Delivered to the foresaid Rauf Hope.
By the Lady Barones Barkeley, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lady Barones Bookehurst, in golde 5 0 0
By the Lady Barones Norris, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to the forsaid Henry Sackford.
By the Lady Barones Sheffelde, a kyrtyll of purple satten, with roses of white lawne enbrawdred with golde unlyned.
Delivered to the foresaid Rauf Hope.
By the Lady Vere, Mr. Bartewe's wyf, a vale oof open worke with golde and spangills.
Delivered to Mrs. Elizabeth Knowlls.
By the Lady Barones Morley, a pettycote of white satten all over enbrawdred with roses of golde; and 3 gards, likewyse enbrawdred, lyned with white satten, and frenged with sylke and golde.
Delivered to the forsaid Rauf Hope.
By the Lady Barrones Wharton, a juell of golde, wherein is a parret hanging, garnesshed with small diamonds, and a cluster of perle pendaunt lacking a ffysshe on thone syde.
Delivered to the forsaid Lady Hawarde

Ladies.
By the Lady Mary Sydney, a smock and two pillowbyers of cameryk, feyer wrought with black worke, and edged with a brode bone lace of black sylke.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By the Lady Mary Sem', wif to Mr. Rogers, a touthe-pike of golde made gonne fation.
Delivered to the foresaid Lady Haward.
By the Lady Elizabeth Sem', alias Knightlye, a kyrtell of oring tawnye satten, edged with a passamayne of silver.
Delivered to the forsaid Rauf Hope.
By the Lady Stafforde, a juell of golde, being an agate garnished with golde, sett about with sparks of rubyes and diamonds, with a smale perle pendaunt.
Delivered to the forsaid Lady Haward.
By the Lady Carowe, a cusshen clothe camereke, blake worke, and frenged with Venice golde.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By the Lady Cheeke, a foreparte of golde and silver networke.
Delivered to the forsaid Rauf Hope.
By the Lady Butler, in golde 6 0 0
Delivered to the foresaid Henry Sackford.
By the Lady Heniaige, a pomaunder gar' with golde and 12 sparks of rubies and perles pendaunt, per oz.
Delivered to the foresaid Lady Haward.
By the Lady Waulsingham, 4 paire of gloves set with buttons of golde.
Delivered to Mrs. Elizabeth Knowlls.
By the Lady Drury, a foreparte of clothe of silver, all over enbraudred with clothe of golde.
Delivered to the foresaid Rauf Hope.
By the Lady Pawlet, in golde 5 0 0
Delivered to the foresaid Henry Sackford.
By the Lady Willoby, Sir Francis' wif, tow pillowberes of camerike wrought allover withe carnatyon silke.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By the Lady Gresham, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lady Cromwell, Sir Henrye's wif, in golde 5 0 0
Delivered to the forsaid Henry Sackford.
By the Lady Ratclyf, a vale of white worke with spangles, and a smale bone lace of silver, a swete bag, beinge of changeable silke, with a smale bone lace of golde.
The vale delivered to Mrs. Elizabeth Knowlls; and the bag to Mrs. Skydmore.
By the Lady Frogmorton, a large bag to put a pillow in of morre satten, allover enbrauderid with golde, silver, and silke of sondry collours, with 4 tassels of grene silke and golde; and a cusshen-cloth of networke, florisshed over with flowers of golde, silver, and silke of sondry collours, lyned with white satten.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By the Lady Cromwell, Lorde Cromwell's wif, 3 sutes of ruffes of white cute worke, edged with a passamayne of white.
Delivered to Mrs. Jane Bresett.
By the Lady Wilforde, thre peces of lawne, wroughte with white and florisshed with golde.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By the Lady Marvey, a paire of sleaves of oringe-colour satten.
Delivered to the forsaid Rauf Hope.
By the Lady Crofts, a peticote of carnation satten, enbrawderid with flowers of silke of sondry collours.
Delivered to the same Rauf Hope.
By the Lady Souche, thre peces of superior cut-worke, florisshd with golde.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.

Knights.
By Sir Frauncis Knowles, Treasorour of our Householde, 3 angells 10 0 0
By Sir James Crofts, Comptrolor of the same, in di. sovereignes 10 0 0
Delivered to the forsaid Henry Sackford.
By Sir Chrystopher Hatton, Vice-chamberlen, a carkanet and a border of golde; the same carkanet contayning seven redd roses of golde, in every of them very smale diamondes, and in the topp a garnet and eight troches of meane pearles, four in every troche, and fourteen perles pendante, being lose; and the said border containing twenty-four redd roses of golde garnished with a very smale diamonde, in every of them a garnet and perle pendaunte, garnished with very small seed perle, and seven open pendants of golde; every one of them garnished with very small dyamondes, three meane perles, and thedges garnished with a very small seed perle.
Delivered to the Lady Haward.
By Sir Frauncis Waulsingham, Pryncipall Secretary, a night-gowne of tawney satten, allover enbraderid, faced with satten like heare collour.
Delivered to the forsaid Rauf Hope.
By Mr. Thomas Wilson, Esquire, also Secretary, a cup of agath, with a cover and garnisshment of golde enamuled, the same agath crased in dyvers places, per oz. 17 oz. qrt.
Delivered to Mr. Asteley, Mr. Threausorour of the Juells.
By Sir Rauf Sadler, Chauncellor of the Duchey 15 0 0
By Sir Waulter Mildmay, Chauncellor of the Exchequer, in angells 10 0 0
By Sir William Cordell, Master of the Rolles, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to the forsaid Henry Sackford.
By Sir Henry Sydney, Lorde Deputie of Irelande, a feyer juell of golde, with a Dyana, fully garnisshed wythe dyamonds, one biggar than the rest, three rubyes, two pearles, and a pearle pendante; the backsyde a ship.
Delivered to the Lady Hawarde.
By Sir William Damsell, Recevor of the Courte of Wardes 10 0 0
By Sir Owine Hopton, Livetenant of the Tower 10 0 0
Delivered to the forsaid Henry Sackford.
By Sir Thomas Hennaige, Treasoror of the Chamber, a proper ringe of golde ennamulled in the top thereof, an white rubye without a foyle, with a grahounde in it.
By Sir Edwarde Horsey, Captayne of thile of Wight, a touthe picke of golde, the top beinge garneshed with a faire emeraude, a dyamond, and ruby, and other smale dyamonds and rubies, with two perles pendaunt.
Delivered to the Lady Hawarde.
By Sir Guilbarte Dethicke, alias Garter, Principall Kinge at Armes, a booke at armes.
By Sir Christopher Haydon, in golde 10 0 0
By Sir Henry Cromwell, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to the foresaid Henry Sackford.
By Sir Gawine Carowe, a smoke of cameryke, wrought with blake worke, and edged with bone lace of golde.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By Sir Thomas Gresham, in golde 10 0 0
By Sir John Thynne, in golde 5 0 0
Delivered to the foresaid Henry Sackford.
By Sir Henry Lee, a juell of golde, being a faire emeraude, cut lozanged hartwise.
Delivered to the Lady Hawarde.
By Sir William Drury, a paire of myttows of blake vellet enbraudered with damaske golde, and lyned with unshorne vellat carnation.
Delivered to Mrs. Elizabeth Knowlls.
By Sir Amyas Pawlet, a pece of tyssue of carnation golde and siluer, cont' 18 yedrs qr.
Delivered to the foresaid Rauf Hope.
By Sir Edwarde Clere, in golde. 
Delivered to the foresaid Henry Sackford.

Gentilwomen.
By Mrs. Blanche Parry, a peir of brasletts of Cornelion hedds two small perles betwixt every hed, gar' with golde.
Delivered to the Lady Haward.
By Mrs. Fraunces Howarde, two sute of ruffes of stitched clothe florisshed at the sides, thone withe golde, thother with siluer with spangles.
Delivered to Mrs. Jane Bressills.
By Mrs. Elizabethe Knowles, a fayre cap of black vellat, gar' ith longe agetts golde enamuled.
Delivered to the foresaid Rauf Hope.
By Mrs. Edmonds, three peces of networke with spangles and threds of golde.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By Mrs. Skydmore, a foreparte with bodyes and sleaves of satten, ginger colour, cut, lyned with murre taphata, with two laces of golde and siluer, and frenged with like golde and siluer.
Delivered to the foresaid Rauf Hope.
By Mrs. Snowe, six handkercheues, faire wroughte and edged, with a passamayne of golde.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By Mrs. Bapteste, a lace of russet silke and sede perle.
Delivered to Mrs. Elizabeth Knowlls.
By Mrs. Chaworthe, two handkerchives of Hollande, wroughte with blacke worke, and edged with a smale bone lace of golde and siluer; and an asse of golde enamuled.
The handekerchers with Mrs. Skydmore; and the asse with the Lady Haward.
By Mrs. Weste, a faire scarfe of grene networke florisshed with golde and siluer, and edged at bothe ends with a brode bone lace, and at the side with a narrowe passamane of golde and siluer, and lyned with murre serceonete.
Delivered to Mrs. Elizabeth Knowlls.
By Mrs. Katherin Newton, a forepart of a kirtill of tawny satten, enbroderid with gardes of golde and siluer, lyned with white sercenet.
Delivered to the foresaid Rauf Hope.
By Mrs. Marbery, six handekerchers of cameryke faire wrought with blacke silke, edged with a smale bone lace of golde and siluer.
By Mrs. Digby, six faire handkerchers of camerike of blake Spanish worke, edged with a brode bone lace of golde and siluer.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By Mrs. Bissels, a partelet and ruffs of lawne wrought with white worke, with a blake sipers upon yt, gar' wythe bewgles.
Delivered to Mrs. Jane Brissetts.
By Mrs. Townesend, a cheyne of ambey, jeate, and mouther of pearll.
Delivered to the Lady Hawarde.
By Mrs. Cave, two pillowberes of Hollande, wroughte with blacke silke, and edged with a passamane of blacke silke.
By Mrs. Lichefelde, a fare lokinge glasse set in a case of purple taphata, allou' fare enbrawdered with seade perle and damaske golde.
By Mrs. Sackefourde, a paire of sleaves of lawne wrought with knit worke, striped with golde and siluer, and edged wtih a bone lace of golde and siluer.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By Mrs. Elizabeth Howarde, a vale of networke florisshed with gold and spangles of gold, and smale bone lace of golde.
Delivered to Mrs. Elizabeth Knowlls.
By Mrs. Wingefeld, a chaine and a border of bewegels and seed perles very smale.
Delivered to the Lady Haward.
By Mrs. Hermon, a faire smoke, the sleves wroughte with blake silke, and edged with gold.
By Mrs. Taylor, a coif and forehed clothe of blake, edged with a smale bone lace of gold, and roses of gold and silke.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By Mrs. Twiste, six towthclothes wroughte with blake silke, and edged with golde; and a sute of ruffes of lawne, wroughte with Spanisshe worke.
The toth clothes delivered to Mrs. Skydmore; and the ruffes delivered to Mrs. Jane Brissetts.
By Mrs. Note, sixe handkerchers of camerike, edged with bone lace of gold and siluer.
By Mrs. Barley, six handekerchers, lykewyse edged with Venice golde.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By Mrs. Mountague, a pertelet of fyne cameryke, wroughte with flowers of blake silke.
Delivered by Mrs. Jane Bressett.
By Mrs. Dane, thre peces of lawne.
Delivered to Mrs. Blanche Parry.
By Mrs. Crokson, a night coyf of white Cipers florisshed ouer with siluer.
By Mrs. Huggaynes, four handekerchers faire wroughte with Spanyshe worke.
By Mrs. Amye Shelton, sixe handkercheves edged with black worke with a passamaine of golde and siluer.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By Mrs. Julio, a dublet of crymsen satten, cut and laide with a passamayne of siluer.
By Mrs. Dale, a dublate and foreparte of clothe of gold, garnisshed with a passamayne of golde.
Delivered to the forsaid Rauf Hope.
By Mrs. Allen, a fayre cawle of damaske golde, with pypes and flowers garnished with a smale seade perle.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.

Chaplyns.
By Archedeacon Carewe, in golde £10.
Delivered to the forsaid Henry Sackford.
By Absolyn, Clerc of the Closet, a boke couered with cloth of tyssue, garnesshed with siluer and guilte.
With her Majestie, by Mr. Sackford.

Gentilmen.
By Mr. Philip Sydney, a wastcoate of white sarceonet, quylted and enbrawdred with golde, siluer, and silke of diuers collors, with a pasmane lace of golde and siluer rownde abought it.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By Mr. Rauffe Bowes, a hat of tawny taphata, enbrauderid with scorpions of Venice golde, and a border garnisshed with sede perle.
Delivered to the forsaid Rauf Hope.
By Mr. John Harington, a bole of christall without a couer, grasd, garnisshed with gold enamuled about the mouth and fote, per oz. 4 oz. 3 qr. di.
With Mr. Asteley, Master of the Juells.
By Mr. Edward Basshe, in golde £10.
Delivered to Henry Sackford.
By Mr. Dyer, a foreparte of white satten, with a brode garde of purple satten, enbraudered withe Venice golde, silluer, and sede perle, unlyned.
By Mr. Stanhope, a dublate of oringe tawnie satten with a brode passamayne of siluer and buttons of the same.
Delivered to the foresaid Rauf Hope.
By Mr. Foulke Grevill, a smale juell, being a lambe of mother-of-perle, garnished with two smale dyamonds, two smale rubies, and three perles pendante.
Delivered to the Lady Hawarde.
By Mr. Smythe Coustom', two boults of camerycke.
Delivered to Mrs. Blanch Pary.
By Mr. Beinedicke Spenolle, a foreparte of white and tawnie satten, al ouer faire, enbrauderid with golde and siluer; and two fannes of strawe, wrought with silke of sondry collours.
The foreparte with Rauf Hope; the fannes with Mrs. Elizabeth Knowll.
By Mr. Wolly, a forke of agathe garnisshed with golde.
Delivered to the Lady Hawarde.
By Mr. Lychfeld, a very fayre lute, the backeside and necke of mother-of-perle, the case of crymsen vellat, enbrawedered with flowers, and the inside grene vellate.
With her Majestie, by Charles Smyth.
By Mr. Newton, a paire of sleves of satten, ginger collour, enbrauderid with borders of gold and siluer, lined with white sarceonet.
Delivered to the foresaid Rauf Hope.
By Mr. Doctor Hewicke, two potts of oringe flowers, and cande jenger.
By Doctor Mr. two lyke potts.
By Doctor Julio, two lyke potts.
By John Hemnigeway, Apotticary, sittornes preservid.
By John Ryche, Apotticary, abrycos two boxes, and two glasses of peare pomes.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By John Smythesone, alias Taylor, Master Cooke, a fayre march pane with a cattell in myddes.
By John Dudley, Sargeaunte of the Pastry, a fayre pye of quynces.
By William Huggans, a fere grete bad of sarceonet, enbraudered, sixteen smale swete bagges.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By Mr. Edwarde Stafforde, two laces of golde and siluer.
Delivered to Mrs. Elizabeth Knowlls.
By Mr. Thomas Layton, Captayne of Garnesey, a gowne of blacke vellat, with bodyes and sleaves cut, lyned with white sarceonet, and sett with longe agletts of golde white enamuled.
Delivered to the forsaid Rauf Hope.
By Marke Anthony Gaiardell, four Venyse glasses.
By Ambrose Lupo, a box of lute-strynge.
By Petricho, a boke of Italian, with pictures of the lyfe and metomerpheses of Oved.
Delivered to Mr. Baptest.
By Charles Smythe, a small juell, being a salamaunder, a smale ruby, two smale dyamonds, and three smale perles pendaunte.
Delivered to the Lady Haward.
By Peter Wolfe, five songe books.
With her Majestie, by Mr. Knevet.
By Anthonias Phenotus, a smale booke in Italian meter.
Delivered to Mr. Baptest.
By Mr. Henry Bronker, a pese of stitched clothe wrought with gold cont' fifteen yerds di.
Delivered to Rauf Hope.
By Mr. William Russell, a paire of gloves, garnished with gold and sede perle.
Delivered to Mrs. Elizabeth Knowlls.
By Guylham Sketh, a dyall noctornalla, di. onc' of copper, and guylte.
With her Majestie, by Mrs. Knevet.
By Morrys Watkins, eighteen larkes in a cage.
Delivered to Mrs. Blanch Parry.
Summa totalis of all the money giuen to her Maiestie, and deliuered in man' and fourme aboue declared 497 13 4
Examined by N. Bristow. J. Pigeon. Ste. Fulwell. J. Asteley. Richard Asteley.

Queen Elizabeth I - New Year's Gifts 1577-1578



c 1575 Queen Elizabeth I 1533-1603 The Darnley Portrait, by an unknown artist.

An explanation of these lists appeared on the Museum of London blog.  Thought I would share it here to give a background on these amazing lists.

In Elizabethan London, New Year’s Day was the big time to give and receive gifts, particularly at court. The tradition appears to date back to at least the 13th century but under Queen Elizabeth I it reached new heights in terms of the extravagance and range of the gifts given.

Courtiers and members of the Queen’s household were expected to present her with gifts. As can be imagined competition to impress the Queen was fierce and there must have been immense pressure to come up with gifts that were valuable enough (many resorted to giving money, usually gold coins, in extravagant silk purses) or useful (she received many perfumed gloves and gold-trimmed hankies) or just intriguing.


In the latter category are many animal jewels, such as an emerald, diamond and ruby serpent with a pendant pearl, given in 1581 by the Countess of Oxford or a golden cat playing with mice and again decorated with diamonds and pearls given the same year by Lady Howard. One can imagine the emerald and diamond salamander or the pearl ship pin from the Cheapside Hoard being equally acceptable New Year’s gifts. The Queen loved puns and many of these jewels would have held hidden meanings and witty jokes for her amusement.


A number of rolls or lists detailing the gifts she received for New Year still survive and give a fascinating glimpse of life in the Elizabethan court. Many of the queen’s admirers liked to give her a gift which would remind her of themselves. Sir Christopher Hatton, whose portrait is on display in the Cheapside Hoard exhibition, on loan from the National Portrait Gallery, frequently used a knot motif and so in around 1585 he gave Elizabeth a headdress, decorated with expensive golden knots. In 1574 the fan that the Earl of Leicester gave her was decorated with bears, part of his device. Others gave gifts that they hoped would get them noticed and some of these were rather fabulous. For example, on New Year’s Day 1581 Sir Walter Raleigh presented Elizabeth with a crown set with Peruvian emeralds which he had captured in a raid on the Spanish fleet the previous year. However, the rolls show that she also received plainer gifts such as a quince pie from John Betts, who was a pastry servant, or a box of lute strings or eighteen larks in a cage.


In return the Queen would give gifts too, and whilst these were sometimes generous in the extreme, more often than not they were of a lower value than those she received. Often she would give an image of herself, such as the cameo portrait of the Queen which Hatton is shown holding in his portrait. A similar, though smaller cameo can be seen on display as part of the Cheapside Hoard. But if you wanted to impress the Queen it seems to have been much more a case of five gold rings rather than a partridge in a pear tree!


New Year's Gifts for Queen Elizabeth: 1577-1578

Anno Regni Regine Elizabethe vicesimo, 1577-8.

New-yer's Guifts guiven to her Majestie at her Honor of Hampton Corte, by these Persons whose Names do hereafter ensue, the first day of January, the Yere aforesaid.
 £. s. d.
By the Lady Margaret Leneox, a casting bottell of agathe, garneshed with golde, and sparcks of rubyes, and a woman holding in her hand a scrowle written with this word, abundancia. per oz. 
Delivered to the Lady Howard.
By the Lady Mary Gray, 2 peir of swete gloves, with fower dosen buttons of golde, in every one a sede perle.
Deliverd to Mrs. Eliz. Knowlls.
By the Lady Margret Countess of Darby, a petticote of white satten, reysed and edged with a brode embrawdery of divers colloures.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope, Yoman of the Roobes.
By Sir Nicholas Bacon, Knight, Lorde Keeper of the Greate Seale of Inglande, in golde 13 6 8
By the Lord Burligh, Lorde Treausorour of Inglande, in golde 20 0 0
By the Lorde Marques of Winchester, in golde 20 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford, Grome of the Previe Chamber.

Erles and Vicomts.
By therle of Leycetor, Master of the Horses, a carcanet of golde ennamuled, nyne peces whereof are garneshed with sparks of diamonds and rubyes, and every one of them a pendant of golde ennamuled, garneshed with small sparks of rubyes and ophall in the mydds; and tenne other peeces of golde lykewyse ennamuled, every of them garneshed with verey small diamonds; two large ragged perles set in a rose of sparks of rubyes, and every of the two lesser perles pendant, and a pendant of golde, in every of them a small diamonde lozenged, and a small rubye, and in the myddes a large pendant of golde garneshsed with meane rubyes, an ophall, and a meane perle pendant, and six dosen of buttons of golde lykewyse ennamuled, every button garneshed with small sparks of rubyes, in every of them a large ragged perle.
Delivered to the said Lady Howarde.
By therle of Arondell, in golde 30 0 0
By therle of Sussex, Lorde Chamberleyn, in golde 20 0 0
By therle of Lincoln, High Admirall of Inglande, in golde 10 0 0
By therle of Bedford, in golde 20 0 0
By therle of Shrewesbury, in golde 20 0 0
By therle of Darby, in golde 20 0 0
By therle of Huntingdon, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By therle of Warwick, a gowne with hanging sleves of black vellat alov' with a small wyer of golde lyke scallop shelles set with spangills, embrawdred with a garde with sondry byrds and flowers enbossed with golde, silver, and silke, set with seede perle.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By therle of Rutlande, in golde 10 0 0
By therle of Penbroke, in golde 20 0 0
By therle of Northumberlande, in golde 10 0 0
By therle of Southampton, in golde 20 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By therle of Hertford, a juell, being a ship of mother-of-perle, garneshed with small rubys, and 3 small diamonds.
By therle of Ormonde, a fayer juell of golde, being a phenex, the winges fully garneshed with rubyes and small diamonds, and at the fete thre feyer diamonds and two smaller; in the top a branche garneshed with six small diamonds, thre small rubyes, and 3 very meane perle, and in the bottome thre perles pendant.
Delivered to the said Lady Howarde.
By the Vicounte Mountague, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.

Duchesses, Marquisses, and Countisses.
By the Duches of Suffolke, a feyer cushyn of purple vellat, very feyerly embrawdred of the story of Truth set with garnetts and sede perle, the backsyde purple satten frynged, and tassells of Venice golde and silke.
Delivered to Richard Tod, Keeper of the Warderobe.
By the Duches of Somerset, in golde 13 6 8
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By the Marques of Northampton, a kyrtill of white satten embrawdred with purles of golde like clowdes, and leyed rownde abought with a bone lace of Venice golde.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope. 
By the Lady Marques of Winchester, Dowager, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By the Lady Marques of Winchester, a smock of cameryck wrought with tawny sylke and black, the ruffe and collor edged with a bone lace of silver.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By the Countes of Sussex, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By the Countes of Lincoln, a dublet with double sleves, assh collour, upon tyncell leyed with pasmane lace of gold and silver, lyned with yelow sarceonet.
By the Countes of Warwyck, a fore parte and a peir of sleves of white satten, embrawdred with branches and trees of damaske golde, two gards of black vellat, upon the fore parte embrawdred with golde, silver, and sylke, set with sede perle, and lyned with tawney sarceonet.
By the Countes of Shrewesbury, a gowne of white satten leyed on with pasmane of golde, the vernewyse, lined with strawe collored sarceonet.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By the Countes of Huntingdon, in golde 8 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By the Countess of Oxford, a dublet of white satten alov' enbrawdred with flowers of golde, and lyned with strawe collored sarceonet.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By the Countes of Essex, ruffs of lawnde white worke, edged with sede perle, and a yelo here, and another like black.
Delivered here to Mrs. Eliz. Knolls, and the ruffs to Mrs. Jane Bressels.
By the Countess of Penbroke, Dowager, in golde 12 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By the Countes of Penbroke, a dublet of lawne embrowdred al over with golde, silver, and sylke of divers collors, and lyned with yelow taphata.
By the Countes of Bedford, a dublet and a foreparte of murry satten embrowdred with flowers of golde, silver, and sylke, and lyned with orenge tawny taphata.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By the Countes of Northumberlande, in golde 10 0 0
By the Countes of Southampton, in golde 10 0 0
By the Countes of Rutlande, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By the Countes of Kent, a remnant of white satten prented cont' 19 yds. di.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By the Countes of Kent, Dowager, a fan flowers of sylke of sundry collors, the handill of an inbrawdry worke set with small sede perle.
Delivered to Mrs. Eliz. Knowlls.
By the Countes of Cumberlande, a fore parte of lawnde cut-worke wrought with blacke and white unmade.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.

Vicecountess.
By the Vicountess Montague, in golde 10 0 0

Busshopps.
By tharchebusshop of York, in golde 30 0 0
By the Busshop of Ely, in golde 30 0 0
By the Busshop of Durham, in golde 30 0 0
By the Busshop of London, in golde 20 0 0
By the Busshop of Winchester, in golde 20 0 0
By the Busshop of Salisbury, in golde 20 0 0
By the Busshop of Lincoln, in golde 20 0 0
By the Busshop of Norwiche, in golde 20 0 0
By the Busshop of Worcetor, in golde 20 0 0
By the Busshop of Lichefelde and Coventrie, in golde 13 6 8
By the Busshop of Hereford, in golde 10 0 0
By the Busshop of St. David, in golde 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Carlille, in golde 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Exetour, in golde 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Bathe, in golde 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Peterborowe, in golde 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Glocetour, in golde 10 0 0
By the Busshop of Chichester, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.

Lordes.
By the Lorde of Hunesdon, a juell of golde, being a swan of mother-of-perle on thone side, thother syde ennamuled white; thone of the wyngs garneshed with small diamonds, and one small diamond towards the tayle; and another pece of mother-of-perle, being a little pot garnyshed with small diamonds and rubyes.
Delivered to the said Lady Howarde.
By the Lord Haward, a fore part of white cut worke embrawdred with golde, unlyned.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By the Lorde Burgevenny, in golde 5 0 0
By the Lorde Ryche, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Darcy of Chyche, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Shandowes, in golde 6 13 4
By the Lorde of Bockehurst, in golde 5 0 0
By the Lorde Northe, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Paget, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Stafford, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Cumpton, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Norrys of Ricote, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Lumley, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lorde Wharton, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By the Lorde Cobham, a petticote of yelow satten, leyed al over with a pasmane of silver and tawnye sylke, frenged with silver and sylke, and lyned with tawny sarceonet.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By the Lord Russell, a ringe of golde, call a permadas, set seven small diamonds, and rounde aboute with small rubys, and two sparks of ophall.
Delivered to the said Lady Howarde.
By the Lord Cheyny, a fore parte and a peir of boddys of a Frenche kyrtill of blewe cloth of silver, enbrawdred al over with Venice golde, with a small garde of black vellat, enbrawdred with Venice golde and silver, and lyned with black sarceonet.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.

Baronesses.
By the La. Burley, a round kyrtill of cloth of silver, with a garde of black vellat, enbrawdred with flowers of golde and silver, and lyned with black sarceonet.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By the Lady of Hunesdon, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lady Hawarde, Dowager, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lady Tayleboyes, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By the Lady Cobham, a petticote of white satten, lyned with carnacion sarceonet, leyed over with a silvre lace, lyke waves, and carnacion silke, and frynged with silver and carnacion sylke.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By the Lady Seint John of Bletteslowe, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lady Audeley, in golde 6 0 0
By the Lady of Bookehurst, in golde 5 0 0
By the Lady Norrys, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lady Barckley, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By the Lady Cheyny, the trayne of a French kyrtill of blewe cloth of silver, enbrawdred al over with Venice golde, with a small garde of black vellat, enbrawdred with golde and silver, and lyned with blac sarceonet.
By the Lady Hawarde, jun. a fore parte of network changeable, enbrawdred with flowers like roses, of golde, silver, and sylke, and lyned with crymsen taphata.
By the Lady Dacres of the South, a pettycote of tawny satten, reysed with four borders of enbrawdery, silver and golde, with hoopes lyned with orenge colored sarceonet.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By the Lady Shandowes, Dowager, a dublet of peche collored satten, al over covred with white cut worke, and leyed with a lace of venice gold, lyned with orenged colored sarceonet, and a swete bag of crymson taphata enbrawdred with Venice golde and spangills.
The dublet delivered to Rauf Hoope; -- the swete-bag to Mrs. Skydmore.
By the Lady Shandowes, jun. a cushyn-clothe of lawne, wrought with white worke of branches and trees, edged with white bone work wrought with crownes.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmor.
By the Lady Paget, the Lorde Paget's wif, a Gascone coate of black vellat, al over leyed with pasmane of silver, and lyne white sarceonet.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By the Lady Paget Care, a garlande of golde, ennamuled with a pendant of golde like a swerde, and a man of golde ennamuled grene, hanging at a small cheyne.
Delivered to the said Lady Howard.
By the Lady Talbot, a skarf of networke flowereshed with golde and silver, edged at thends with a borde pasmane of Venice golde and silver, and at the sids a narrow, lyned with russet sarceonet.
Delivered to Mrs. Eliz. Knowlls.
By the Lady Sheffield, a dublet of sad tawny satten, covered with white cutworke, enbrawdred with flowers of silver and spangills, and lyned with white sarceonet.
By the Lady Mary Vere, a fore parte of purple taphata, set with roses of white sipers, and cheynes betweene of Venice golde, with a brode pasmane of golde, unlyned and unmade.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope. 

Ladies.
By the Lady Mary Sydney, one peir of perfumed gloves, with twenty-four small buttons of golde, in every of them a small diamond.
Delivered to Mrs. Eliz. Knowlls.
By the Lady Mary Se'm', wif of Mr. Rogers, a lynyng, a peir of sleves, and three ruffs of lawne cutworke of flowers.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmor.
By the Lady Stafford, a night gowne of tawny satten, edged with a pasmane of Venice golde, and furred with black conny.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By the Lady Carewe, a cushyn cloth of fyne cameryk, with byrds and bests of black silke, edged with bone lace of Venice silver.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmor.
By the Lady Woodehouse, a peir of braceletts of golde, cont' 24 peces of goldesmythes worke; in twelve of them agathes, and in theother twelve two perles apece, per oz. 2 oz. 3 qrs.
Delivered to Mrs. Skidmore.
By the Lady Cheke, a fore parte of a kyrtill of white networke, floreshed with silver with a small pasmane lace, and lyned with white sarceonet.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By the Lady Butler, in golde 6 0 0
By the Lady Pawlet, in golde 5 0 0
By the Lady Gresham, in golde 10 0 0
By the Lady Crumwell, in golde 5 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By the Lady Drury, a fore parte and a peir of sleves of white satten set with spangills, and lyned with tawney sarceonet.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By the Lady Hennage, a juell, being a dolphyn of mother of perle, garnished with small sparks of rubyes and ophall.
Delivred to the said Lady Howard.
By the Lady Walsingham, two pillowbiers of cameryck, wrought with sylke of divers colors, cut.
By the Lady Willowbye, Sir Frauncis Willowbye's wyf, a lynyng for a collor, an a peir of sleves networke, floreshed with silver and golde.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmor.
By the Lady Ratclif, five creppins of lawne, garnished with golde and silver purle; two swete baggs of sylke; and a night coyf of white cutworke, floreshed with silver, and set with spangills; and five to the pykes, beinge quilles.
The crepyns delivered to Mrs. Blanche; Th'rest to Mrs. Skydmor.
By the Lady Frogmorton, a kyrtill of yelow satten, al over with Venice silver, with roses of twists of silver, lyned with sarceonet.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By the Lady Arondell, a ring of golde with one small diamonde with small sparks of diamonds and rubys abowte it.
Delivered to the said Lady Howard.
By the Lady Wylfords, a fore parte of lawne cutworke, white.
By the Lady Marvyn, two parteletts of networke, thone floreshed with golde, thother with silver.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmor.
By the Lady Crofts, a feyer cushyn enbrawdered with silke of sundry collors, with thisotry of Icorus, lyned with changeably taphata, and iiii buttons with tassells of silke of sondry collors.
Delivered to Richard Tod.
By the Lady Sowche, Sir John Sowche's wyf, a smock of camerick, the sleves and parte of the boddy wrought with blacke silk and golde, the ruffs and collors edged with a bone lace of golde.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmor.

Knights.
By Sir Fraunces Knowlls, Knight, Treasurer of the Householde, in golde 10 0 0
By Sir James Crofts, Knight, Comptroller of the Householde, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By Sir Christofer Hatton, Knight, Vice Chamberleyn and Capitaine of the Garde, a feyer juell of golde, being a crosse of diamonds fully garneshed with small diamonds, and a feyer perle pendant; the Queen's picture on the back side; and more, a juell of golde, wherein is a dog leding a man over a bridge, the boddy fully garneshed with small diamonds and rubys, and thre small perles pendant; the back side certayne verces written.
Delivered to the said Lady Howard.
By Sir Rauf Sadlier, Knight, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, in golde 15 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By Sir Frauncis Walsingham, Knight, Principall Secretary, a gowne of blewe satten, with rewes of golde, and two small pasmane laces of Venice golde, faced with powdred armyns.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By Thomas Wylson, Esquir, Secretary, a cup of agathe garneshed with golde, and set with stone.
Delivered in charge to the Master of the Juel House.
By Sir Walter Myldemey, Knight, Chancellor of thexchequer, in golde 10 0 0
By Sir William Cordell, Master of the Rolls, in golde 10 0 0
By Sir Christopher Haydon, Knight, in golde 10 0 0
By Sir William Damsell, Knight, receyvor of the courte of wards, in golde 10 0 0
By Sir Henry Crumwell, Knight, in golde 10 0 0
By Sir Thomas Gresham, Knight, in golde 10 0 0
By Sir Owen Hopton, Lieutenant of the Tower, in golde 10 0 0
By Sir John Thyn, in golde 5 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By Sir Gawen Carewe, a smock of camerick, wrought with black silke in the collor and sleves, the square and ruffs wrought with Venice golde, and edged with a small bone lace of Venice golde
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmor.
By Sir Gilbert Dethick, alias Garter Principal King at Armes, a booke of the states in King William Conqueror's tyme.
Delivered to Mrs. Blanche.
By Sir Henry Lee, Knight, a juell, being a garlande of golde with leaves, and the walnutts in the myddes, with a butterfly pendant of sparks of ophalls and rubyes.
Delivered to the said Lady Howard.
By Sir Thomas Henage, Knight, Treausoror of the Chamber, a cloke of black vellat set with xvi great buttons of golde, being dolphyns, and edged with a small pasmane lace of golde, and lyned with sarceonet.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By Sir William Drury, a fore parte of asshecollored satten, enbrawdred with clowdes and wormes of golde and silver, lyned with yelow sarceonet.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By Sir Edward Horsey, Knight, a cheyne of pomaunder with a verey small ragged perle.
Delivered to the said Lady Howard.

Gentilwomen.
By Blanche a Parry, a litill box of golde to put in cumphetts, and a litill spone of golde, weying all 3 oz. 1 qr.
Delivered to the said Lady Howard.
By Frauncis Hawarde, a littil vale of networke, set with spangills of silver.
Delivered to Mrs. Elizabeth Knowlls.
By Elizabeth Knowlls, a fore parte, boddies, and partelet of sipers, cryppen work.
By Edmunds, a dublet of white networke floreshed al over with silver and spangills, lyned with white taphata.
By Skydmore, a fore parte and a peir of sleves of peche collored satten with a cordant of golde and sylke, and set with spangills, lyned with yelow sarceonet with two pasmane laces of golde abowte the border.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By Snowe, six handekerchers wrought with sylke of sundry collors, and edged with pasmane lace of golde.
Two with the Lady Stafford, and four with Mrs. Skydmor.
By Baptest, six handekerchers of cameryck, with a brode border of black sylke, and edged with a pasmane of golde.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmore.
By West, a fan of fethers of sundry collors, with a handill of silver.
Delivered to Mr. myddilmore.
By Katheryne Paston, a pettycote of white satten, al over with pasmane of golde and silver, lyned with yelow sarcenet.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By Marbury, two small pillowbyers wrought with silke of divers collors.
By Digby, six handkerchers wrought with black, and edged with a bone lace black and white.
Delivered to Mrs. Skidmor.
By Jane Byssetts, a partlet, a peir of ruffs, and a peir of cuffs of lawne, wrought with black sylke and silver, and the partelet floreshed with golde and silver set with spangills.
Delivered to Herself.
By Townsende, a rownde kyrtill of tawny vellat, edged with a brode bone lace of silver and golde, set with spangills.
Delivered to Raufe Hoope.
By Cave, six handekerchers wrought with black worke, with a border of Venice golde and silver pasmane lace.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmor.
By Lichefelde, two peir of gloves perfumed, a sute of ruffs, three peces of very feyer cutworke wrought with golde and sylke, and a feyer heandekercher.
The gloves delivered to Mrs. Knowlls; the ruffs to Mrs. Jane; and the handkercher to Mrs. Skydmor.
By Sackford, a skrene of sarceonet enbrawdred with Venice golde, with a white falkon bering a septor.
Delivered to Mrs. Sakford.
By Elizabeth Hawarde, a collor and a peir of ruffs of cutworke garneshed with silver, blak-work, and spangills.
Delivered to Mrs. Jane Brisetts.
By Mr. Wynkefelde, a cup of silver guilt, shutting and opening in the middest, pomegranade fation, the handle being a wheat-eare. 6 oz. di.
In charge with the Master of the Juells.
By Harman, a sute of lawne floreshed black with byrds and beasts, edged with a bone lace, white and black.
By Twyst, Lawndrys, iii handekerchers wrought with blac Spanysh worke, and edged with a bone lace of Venice golde, and four totheclothes of coarse Hollande wrought with black sylke, and edged with bone lace of silver and black sylke.
By Taylor, a night coyf of lynnen alover enbrawdred with Venice golde, and silke of sundry collors.
By Note, six handekerchers of cameryck edged with bone lace of gold and silver.
By Barley, six handekerchers of cameryck edged with pasmane lace of golde.
By Montague, a peir of sleves of cameryck wrought with roses and budds of black sylke.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmor.
By Dane, thre peces of lawne.
Delivered to Mrs. Blanche.
By Cropson, a night coyf of cameryck cutworke and spangills, with a forehed cloth, and a night border of cutworke with bone lace.
By Amy Shelton, six handekerchers of camerick edged with pasmane of golde and silver.
By Huggans, six handekerchers of sundry sortes, one wrought with murry sylke, and threst of other collors.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmor.
By Dale, a fore parte of a kyrtill and a dublet of strawe collored satten, netted al over with flowers, trees, and borders of sylver and black sylke, lyned with orenge collered taphata.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By Julio, a cushyn cloth and a pillowbere of cameryk wrought with black worke of silke.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmor.

Chaplyns.
By Archdeacon Carowe, Deane of the Chapell, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By Absolon, Master of the Savoy, a Bible covered with cloth of golde, garneshed with silver, and gilte; and two plates with the Queenes armes.
Delivered to John of the Closet.

Gentilmen.
By John Harrington, esquire, a remnant of black clothe of silver, rewed, containing 6 yds. qrt. di.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By Rauf Bowes, a cap of purple vellat set with eight dosen and six buttons of golde, with a white fether.
By Edward Clere, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By Phillip Sydney, a smock of camerick, the sleves and collor wrought with blac worke, and edged with a small bone lace of golde and silver; and a sute of ruffs cutworke, floreshed with golde and silver, and set with spangills, containing 4 oz.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmor the smocke; the ruffs to Mrs. Jane Brisettes.
By Edwarde Bashe, in golde 10 0 0
Delivered to Henry Sakford.
By Dyer, a fore parte of a kyrtill of lawne, enbrawdred with flowers of golde, sylke, and silver, of sundry collors, lyned with sarcenet.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By Stanhop, a small juell of golde with ophall in the mydds, set abowte with small rubyes and a perle pendant.
Delivered to the said Lady Howarde.
By Fowlke Grevell, a smocke of camerick wrought abowte the coller and the sleves of Spanysshe worke of roses and tres, and a night coyf with a forehed clothe of the same worke.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmor.
By Benedic Spynnala, a petticote of watchet satten, leyed al over with pasmane lace of golde and sylver, and flowers, with eight yards of pasman of golde and silver rownde abowte it, lyned with yelo taphata.
Delivered to Rauf Hoope.
By Newton, a cup of silver guilte, being a poranger, with a snayle in the top standing upon an oken leaf, per oz.
With the Quene, by John Wyneard.
By Doctor Hewyk, a pot of grene gynger, and another of orenge flowers.
By Doctor Maister, a pot of grene gynger, and other of orenge flowers.
By Julio, a pot of grene ginger, and anoher of orenger flowers.
By John Hemawey, a pot of wardyn's condite, and Manns Xpi.
By Ryche, a box of peches of Jennewey.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmor.
By Smythsonne, Master Cooke, a feyer marchpane.
By Dudley, Sergeaunt of the Pastry, a grete pye of quynses and wardyns guilte.
By William Huggans, a grete swete bag of purple taphata enbrawdred, and nineteen small baggs of sarcenet.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmor.
By Marke Antony, a viall.
Delivered to Mrs. Baptest.
By Ambrose Lupo, a box of lute strynges.
By Putrino, two pictures; thone of Judith and Holyfernes, thother of Jula and Sicera.
Delivered to Mr. Baptest.
By Charles Smyth, a cheyne of pomaindes, with buttons of silver betwene.
Delivered to the said Lady Howard.
By Cristofer Gyles, a Cutler, a meate knyf with a feyer hafte of white bone; a conceyte in it.
Delivered to Mrs. Skydmor.
By Morgan, Apotticary, thre boxes, one of gynger candy, another of grene gynger, and and the thirde orenge candit.
Delivered to Mr. Sakford.
By Smyth, Dustman, two boltes of cameryck.
Delivered to Mrs. Blanche.

juells brought into the newe yere's guift chamber, without report made by whom they were given.
Item, a juell of golde, being a woman ennamuled, called Virtute, a paire of compassis in one hande, and a greene garlande in the other, standing upon a raynebowe, the boddy garneshed with sparks of diamunds and rubyes, brought into the New Yer's Guift Chamber by Henry Sakford; but no report made who gave it to her Majestie.
Item, a juell of golde, being a fawcon and a phesaunt, garneshed with rubyes, diamunds, emeralds, and perles; lykewyse brought by the said Sackforde, making no reporte of who gave it.
Item, a juell, being a lampe with a harte in a flame of fyer, garneshed with two saphers, diamunds, aubyes, and ophalls, and a sarpent of ophall with a ruby pendant, set with six small perles and one perle pendant; brought into the said chambe by Mr. Kyllegrewe, without reporte made who gave it.
Item, a juell, being a lylly of golde, with a butterflye in the same, and a sea crabbe, garneshed with small ophalls, rubys, and diamunds, with rooses of mother-of-perle and sparks of rubyes; brought into the said chamber by Mrs. Skydmore, without report made by whom it was given.
Delivered to the said Lady Howarde.

Summa totalis of all the money given to her Majestie, and delivered, ut supra 993 13 4

Examined by N. Bristow.
J. Pigeon.
Ste. Fulwell.
Richard Asteley.


Queen Elizabeth I - New Year's Gifts 1576-1577



c 1574-5 Queen Elizabeth I 1533-1603 Unknown Artist

An explanation of these lists appeared on the Museum of London blog.  Thought I would share it here to give a background on these amazing lists.

In Elizabethan London, New Year’s Day was the big time to give and receive gifts, particularly at court. The tradition appears to date back to at least the 13th century but under Queen Elizabeth I it reached new heights in terms of the extravagance and range of the gifts given.

Courtiers and members of the Queen’s household were expected to present her with gifts. As can be imagined competition to impress the Queen was fierce and there must have been immense pressure to come up with gifts that were valuable enough (many resorted to giving money, usually gold coins, in extravagant silk purses) or useful (she received many perfumed gloves and gold-trimmed hankies) or just intriguing.


In the latter category are many animal jewels, such as an emerald, diamond and ruby serpent with a pendant pearl, given in 1581 by the Countess of Oxford or a golden cat playing with mice and again decorated with diamonds and pearls given the same year by Lady Howard. One can imagine the emerald and diamond salamander or the pearl ship pin from the Cheapside Hoard being equally acceptable New Year’s gifts. The Queen loved puns and many of these jewels would have held hidden meanings and witty jokes for her amusement.


A number of rolls or lists detailing the gifts she received for New Year still survive and give a fascinating glimpse of life in the Elizabethan court. Many of the queen’s admirers liked to give her a gift which would remind her of themselves. Sir Christopher Hatton, whose portrait is on display in the Cheapside Hoard exhibition, on loan from the National Portrait Gallery, frequently used a knot motif and so in around 1585 he gave Elizabeth a headdress, decorated with expensive golden knots. In 1574 the fan that the Earl of Leicester gave her was decorated with bears, part of his device. Others gave gifts that they hoped would get them noticed and some of these were rather fabulous. For example, on New Year’s Day 1581 Sir Walter Raleigh presented Elizabeth with a crown set with Peruvian emeralds which he had captured in a raid on the Spanish fleet the previous year. However, the rolls show that she also received plainer gifts such as a quince pie from John Betts, who was a pastry servant, or a box of lute strings or eighteen larks in a cage.


In return the Queen would give gifts too, and whilst these were sometimes generous in the extreme, more often than not they were of a lower value than those she received. Often she would give an image of herself, such as the cameo portrait of the Queen which Hatton is shown holding in his portrait. A similar, though smaller cameo can be seen on display as part of the Cheapside Hoard. But if you wanted to impress the Queen it seems to have been much more a case of five gold rings rather than a partridge in a pear tree!


New Year's Gifts for Queen Elizabeth: 1576-1577

New-yere’s Gifts charged upon Lady Howarde, 1575-6

First, a coller of golde contayning 13 peeces, whearin are 13 greate emeraldes and 13 peeces of golde, with 13 troches of perles, 5 perles in every troche, and in every peece 4 small rubyes. Geven by therle of Lecetor.
Item, six dosen of buttons of golde, whearof 3 dosen being men, and 3 dosen fyshes. Geven by therle of Warwicke.
Item, a juell of golde, being a dove, whearin is three emeralds, the biggest of them pendaunte without foyle, two table rubyes, two table dyamondes, the rest garnished with 4 smale rubyes. Geven by therle of Bedforde.
Item, a payre of braceletts of golde, being 20 peeces, whearof 16 sett with blacke stones and 4 smale perles in a troche. Geven by therle of Hartforde.
Item, a fayre juell of golde, with three personages in it standing under a tree. The same juell garnished with smale dyamondes, in the midell a large rubye, and beneathe it a lesse rocke rubye, with a ragged perle pendaunte. Geven by therle of Ormonde.
Item, a juell of golde, being an oyster garnished with 4 smale rubyes, one dyamonde, and an ophall. Geven by therle of Surrey.
Item, a cheyne of golde garnished with smale perle, 11 oz. dim. qa. Geven by Vycount Gormanstone.
Item, a juell, being an agathe hedd, garnished with golde and a lorell garlande garnished abowte with sparcks of rubyes, and a pendaunte of golde garnished with 8 sparcks of rubyes, with an ophall in the midest. Geven by the Countyes of Oxforde.
Item, three dosen of buttons of golde, being acornes. Geven by the Countyes of Warwicke.
Item, a carkenet and a payre of braceletts of golde sett with amatastes and carnewe hedds. The carkanet contained 18 peeces, and the bracelet 16 peeces. Geven by the Counties of Lyncolne.
Item, a juell of golde, being a payre of braceletts, contayning 20 peeces of golde, goldsmithe’s worke enamuled; whearof 10 peeces, in every peece a rubye; and 10 peeces, in every peece 2 perles. Geven by therle of Kyldare.
Item a juell of golde, being an agathe of Neptune sett with 6 very smale rubyes, 2 very smale dyamondes, and 3 cowrse perles, whearof one bigger than the rest. Geven by the Ladye Burgheley.
Item, a payre of braceletts, which may serve for a carkenett, fully garnished with ophales and rubyes very fayre, enamulated with an ophall pendaunte. Geven by Mr. Hatton, Capitaine of the Garde.
Item, a tothe and eare-picke of golde, ebing a dolphin enamuled with a perle pendaunte, 16 smale rubyes being but sparcks, and 5 sparcks of dyamonds. Geven by the Ladye Cheake.
Item, a juell of golde, whearin is sett a white agathe, and sett with 4 smale sparcks of rubyes and a smale perle pendaunte. Geven by Mrs. Blaunche Parrye.
Item, a juell of golde, being a pomaunder, on eche side a smale poynted dyamonde; and a smale perle pendaunte. Geven by Mrs. Catherine Paston.
Item, a juell of golde, being a table, thearin is a salamaunder of ophalles garnished with 18 smale dyamondes, and a pendaunte with ophales and rubyes. Geven by Mr. Thomas Heneage, Threasorour of the Chamber.
Item, a ring of golde with 6 ophalles and very smale rubyes. Geven by Mrs. Heneage.
Item, a juell of golde, being a little bell enamuled, and garnished with small sparcks of rubyes, the clapper being a corse perle. Geven by Mrs. Townesende.
Item, a cheine of pomander slightly garnished with golde. Geven by Captaine Laightoune.
Item, six smale tothe-picks of golde. Geven by Mrs. Snowe.
First, a jugge of christall garnished with silver guilt, with a phenix in the toppe within a crown. Geven by the Lord Henry Semer. 23 oz. qa.
Item, oone standishe of silver guilt, with boxses for ink, dust, and counters, all over silver guilt. Given by Mrs. Dale, the Master of the Requests Wife. 37 oz. qa.