Saturday, February 6, 2016

1600s & early 1700s Families & Children on Garden Terraces by Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723 & his studio



Godfrey Kneller (German-born English artist, 1646-1723) The Harvey Family



 1690s Godfrey Kneller (German-born English artist, 1646-1723) Lionel Sackville (1688–1765), 1st Duke of Dorset, and His Sister Lady Mary Sackville (1687–1705), Later Duchess of Beaufort, as Children



 c 1694 Godfrey Kneller (German-born English artist, 1646-1723) Queen Anne; William, Duke of Gloucester



 1705 Godfrey Kneller (German-born English artist, 1646-1723)  Jemima, Duchess of Kent (d.1728), and Her Daughter Lady Jemima Grey



 1710 Godfrey Kneller (German-born English artist, 1646-1723) Two Children (possibly the children of William Cavendish, 1672–1729, 2nd Duke of Devonshire)



 1710 Godfrey Kneller (German-born English artist, 1646-1723) William Godolphin (c.1700–1731), Viscount Rialton, Later Marquess of Blandford and His Sister, Henrietta (d.1776), Later Duchess of Newcastle


 1723 Godfrey Kneller (German-born English artist, 1646-1723) Thomas Hesketh (1698–1735), MP, His Wife Martha St Amand (d.1782), Mrs Thomas Hesketh, and a Son



 Godfrey Kneller (German-born English artist, 1646-1723) David Colyear (1698–1728-9), Viscount Milsington, and His Brother Charles Colyear (1700–1785), 2nd Earl of Portmore



 Godfrey Kneller (German-born English artist, 1646-1723) Thomas and Edward Greene as Children



 Godfrey Kneller (German-born English artist, 1646-1723) Charles Earl of March



Godfrey Kneller (German-born English artist, 1646-1723) Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington and his sister Lady Jane Boyle, 1700.



1600s Spanish children trapped in the bodies & costumes of their elders



 1550s Alonso Sanchez Coello (Spanish painter, ca.1531-1588) Carlos, Prince of Asturias, also known as Don Carlos (1545-1568), was the eldest son and heir-apparent of King Philip II of Spain

During this period, children of titled or landed nobles were dressed as miniature adults reflecting their particular social status, where children were often married or promised in marriage at very young ages to cement social, political, & economic alliances.  The portrait of an heir asserts their position of birth, wealth, & power of the family.  From the 16C to the 18C, sumptuary laws dictated what people of an established social status were allowed to wear, such as rich textiles, laces, jewelry, & accessories.  It was hoped that these laws would maintain the social order with the aristocracy at the top of the heap.  Unfortunately, or fortunately, these mandates were difficult to enforce.  


 1560s Alonso Sanchez Coello (Spanish painter, ca.1531-1588) Portrait of Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Croatia, King of Bohemia and Archduke of Austria (1552-1612)



  1569 Alonso Sanchez Coello (Spanish painter, ca.1531-1588) Infanta Isabella, daughter of King Philip of Spain



 1570s Alonso Sanchez Coello (Spanish painter, ca.1531-1588) Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia (1566–1633) and her monkey



 1570s Alonso Sanchez Coello (Spanish painter, ca.1531-1588) Of Austria Archduke Wenceslaus of Austria (1561-1578) He was the young Grand Prior of the Order of Malta.



 1575 Alonso Sanchez Coello (Spanish painter, ca.1531-1588)  Portrait of Infante Ferdinand of Spain holding a bird



 1575 Alonso Sanchez Coello (Spanish painter, ca.1531-1588) Infantas Isabella Clara Eugenia and Catalina Micaela of Spain



 1579 Alonso Sanchez Coello (Spanish painter, ca.1531-1588)  Infantes Don Diego and Don Felipe Detail



 1580 Alonso Sanchez Coello (Spanish painter, ca.1531-1588) The Infant Don Felipe



 1580s Attributed to Alonso Sanchez Coello (Spanish painter, ca.1531-1588) Isabella Clara Eugenia and Catharina, Daughters of Philip II, King of Spain.  Also portrayed are a bird & dog.



 1602 Juan Pantoja de la Cruz (Spanish artist, 1553–1608)  Infantin Anna (1601-1666) Ana Maria Mauricia Infanta, daughter of Philip III and Margaret of Austria, was the eldest of 8 children.



 1602 Juan Pantoja de la Cruz (Spanish artist, 1553–1608)  Infantin Anna (1601-1666) Ana Maria Mauricia Infanta, daughter of Philip III and Margaret of Austria, was the eldest of 8 children. Detail



 1602 Juan Pantoja de la Cruz (Spanish artist, 1553–1608)  Portrait of the Infanta Ana Mauricia of Austria. (Daughter of Philip III and Margaret of Austria, Styria kings)  There were a few exceptions to the adult-clothes-only rule, including toddler dresses, coral teething necklaces & pieces of coral, such as the one being held here, for teething purposes



 1604 Juan Pantoja de la Cruz (Spanish artist, 1553–1608) Infant Anna



 1607 Juan Pantoja de la Cruz (Spanish artist, 1553–1608)  Infantin Maria Anna (1606-1646)



 1607 Juan Pantoja de la Cruz (Spanish artist, 1553–1608) The Infantes Don Felipe and Doña Anna



 1610 Bartolomé González y Serrano (1564–1627), A 9-year old Anne of Austria, future Queen of France, and her brother, a 5-year old Philip, future Philip IV, the King of Spain portrayed with a small dog



 1612 Bartolomé González y Serrano (1564–1627), Alfonso, the son of Philip III of Spain



 1612 Bartolomé González y Serrano (1564–1627), Infante Carlos (1607-1632) with his sister, Infanta Maria Anna (1606-1646)



  1612 Bartolomé González y Serrano (1564–1627), The children of Philip III of Spain (Ferdinand, Alfonso and Margarita)



 1613 Bartolomé González y Serrano (Spanish artist, 1564–1627) Portrait of Alfonso el Caro and Ana Margarita with dog


1600s Families outdoors on Terraces & in Gardens, Parks, & the Countryside


In English portraiture, the Elizabethan style of Nicholas Hilliard (1547–1619) & such contemporaries as Robert Peake the Elder (active 1576–1626) remained current in England well into the 17C.  This style, which portrayed children as miniature adults, was common in much of Europe.

1600s Unknown Flemish artist, A Dutch Family on a Garden Terrace



 1620 Frans Hals (1623-1625) Family in a Landscape



1621 Anthony van Dyke (1599-1641) Family Portrait on a Garden Terrace


1622  Jacob Jordaens  (1593-1678) Perhpas a Self Portrait with Family



 1625 Unknown artist. Sir Thomas Lucy of Charlecote and Family



 1630 Cornelis de Vos (Flemish painter, c 1584-1651) Family Group in Landscape



Cornelis de Vos (Flemish painter, c 1584-1651)  Nobleman and 3 Children



1630s G Donck (Flemish artist) A Family Group (perhaps Jan van Hensbeeck and his Wife, Maria Koeck, and a Child)



 1630s Cornelis de Vos (Flemish painter, c 1584-1651) Family Portrait on a Garden Terrace



1633 Jan Daemen Cool (Dutch artist, 1584-1660) Family



 1631-32 Anthony van Dyck (Flemish artist, 1599-1641) Charles I and Henrietta Maria with their two eldest children, Prince Charles and Princess Mary

With the arrival of Anthony Van Dyck (1599–1641) at the court of Charles I in 1632, British portraiture took a turn toward the baroque that changed the course of British & colonial American painting in the 17C & 18C.


 1634 Cornelis de Vos (Flemish painter, c 1584-1651) Portrait of the Artist's Family



 1635 Frans Hals (Dutch artist, 1581-1666) Family Portrait



 1635 Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish artist, 1577-1640) Rubens, His Wife Helena Fourment (1614–1673), and Their Son Frans (1633–1678)



1640 Cornelis Janssens van Ceulen (British artist, 1593-1661) The Capel Family



1640-50 Anselmus van Hulle (Dutch artist, c 1601-1674) Family Portrait



 1640s Jan Mytens (Dutch artist, 1614-1670)  Portrait Of A Dutch Aristocratic Family



 1640s Jan Mytens (Dutch artist, 1614-1670) Family Portrait



 1648 Frans Hals (1623-1625) Family in Landscape



1640-60s attr Isaac Fuller (British artist, c 1606-1672) Family Group



 1648 Frans Hals (1623-1625) Family in Landscape



1640-60s Gonzales Coques (Flemish artist, c 1614-1684) Family Group



1647 Gonzales Coques (Flemish artist, c 1614-1684) Family in the Landscape



1650 Herman Mijnerts Doncker (Dutch artist, 1620-1656) Portrait of a Dutch Family Group in a Garden



 1650-60s Peter Lely (English artist, 1618-1680) Portrait Of Charles Dormer, His Wife Elizabeth And Their Children

The Elizabethan style had almost been completely replaced in England by the 1670s quickly giving way to a more volumetric style. In the British American colonies, this transition was copied through imported engravings after Peter Lely (1617–1680) & Godfrey Kneller (1648–1723).


 1650-60s Peter Lely (English artist, 1618-1680) Sir John Cotton And Family



1655-60 Gonzales Coques (Flemish artist, c 1614-1684) Family by a Fountain



 1650s Jan Mytens (Dutch artist, 1614-1670) The Family of Willem van der Does



 1654 Jan Mytens (Dutch artist, 1614-1670) Van der Graeff Family



 1656 Peter Lely (English artist, 1618-1680) Sir Edward Hales And His Family



 1657 Jan Mytens (Dutch artist, 1614-1670) Govert van Slingelandt With His First Wife Christina van Beveren and Their 2 Children



 1659 Nicolaes Maes (Dutch artist, 1634-1693) Captain Job Jansz Cuyter and his family



1660-70 Unknown Flemish artist, A Family Group with Children with Emblems of the Cardinal Virtues on a Garden Terrace


 1662 Jan Mytens (Dutch artist, 1614-1670) Willem van den Kerckhoven and Family



1664 Gonzales Coques (Flemish artist, c 1614-1684) Family Group



 1669 Hendrick ten Oever (Dutch artist, 1639-1716) Family Portrait



 1670 Jean Nocret (French artist, 1615-1672) King Louis XIV and Family portrayed as mythical gods



 1671 Abraham Lambertsz. van den Tempel (Dutch painter, c 1622-1672)  David Leeuw with his family



1673 John Michael Wright (1617-1694) Family of Sir Robert Vyner



 1671 Abraham Lambertsz. van den Tempel (Dutch painter, c 1622-1672) David Leeuw with his family



1670 Michiel van Musscher (1645-1705) A Family Group portrayed on front of a formal Garden



1688 Abraham Lambertsz. van den Tempel (Dutch painter, c 1622-1672) Princess of the House of Orange with her children


Abraham Lambertsz. van den Tempel (Dutch painter, c 1622-1672) Portrait of Jan van Amstel (1618-1669) and Anna Boxhoorn (1642-1726).



1696 Michiel van Musscher (1645-1705) The Neufville family


Late 1690s This artist's family portrait, attributed to Michiel van Musscher (1645-1705), is placed in an explosion of garden components - fountains, urns, statuary, a long, formal walk, clipped hedges, & more.  Seems more French than Dutch, & the art is dissimilar to Musscher's other works from the period.