Sunday, July 3, 2016

Lady Liberty in 20C World War I Posters


By the mid-teens of the 20th century, America was sending troops overseas to fight in World War I. In the 1940s, the United States again found itself involved in a war in both Europe and the Pacific. War posters served to get the nation involved in the conflicts, and Lady Liberty was often used as the inspiration.


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI by Howard Chandler Christy, 1873-1952 (artist) 1919


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI by C. R. (Charles Raymond) Macauley, 1871-1934 (artist) 1917


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI


Wartime Lady Liberty WWI



 Howard Chandler Christy, 1873-1952 (artist) 1919



Eugenie De Land, b. 1872 (artist) 1917


1886 Statue of Liberty Dedicated in New York


On October 28, 1886, The Statue of Liberty, a gift of friendship from the people of France to the people of the United States, is dedicated in New York Harbor by President Grover Cleveland was dedicated.

The Statue of Liberty's head, on exhibit at the Paris Exposition of 1878.

Originally known as "Liberty Enlightening the World," the statue was proposed by the French historian Edouard de Laboulaye to commemorate the Franco-American alliance during the American Revolution. Designed by French sculptor Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi, the 151-foot statue was the form of a woman with an uplifted arm holding a torch. Its framework of gigantic steel supports was designed by Eugene-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc and Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel, the latter famous for his design of the Eiffel Tower in Paris.

Right arm and torch of the Statue of Liberty, 1876 Centennial Exposition

In February 1877, Congress approved the use of a site on New York Bedloe's Island, which was suggested by Bartholdi. In May 1884, the statue was completed in France, and three months later the Americans laid the cornerstone for its pedestal in New York Harbor. In June 1885, the dismantled Statue of Liberty arrived in the New World, enclosed in more than 200 packing cases. Its copper sheets were reassembled, and the last rivet of the monument was fitted on October 28, 1886, during a dedication presided over by President Cleveland and attended by numerous French and American dignitaries.

Unveiling of the Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World (1886) by Edward Moran ((1829-1901) 

On the pedestal was inscribed "The New Colossus," a sonnet by American poet Emma Lazarus that welcomed immigrants to the United States including the declaration, "Give me your tired, your poor, / Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, / The wretched refuse of your teeming shore. / Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me. / I lift my lamp beside the golden door."

Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper July 2, 1887, pp. 324-325. Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division

In 1892, Ellis Island, adjacent to Bedloe's Island, opened as the chief entry station for immigrants to the United States, and for the next 32 years more than 12 million immigrants were welcomed into New York harbor by the sight of "Lady Liberty." In 1924, the Statue of Liberty was made a national monument, and in 1956 Bedloe's Island was renamed Liberty Island. The statue underwent a major restoration in the 1980s.

Emma Lazarus' Poem

The New Colossus

Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,

With conquering limbs astride from land to land;

Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand

A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame

Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name

Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand

Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command

The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame.

Keep ancient lands, your storied pomp!" cries she

With silent lips. "Give me your tired, your poor,

Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,

Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,

I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"



Lady Liberty & the Rise of Industry & Labor Unions



Lady Liberty and Labor - The Queen of Industry, or the New South


Lady Liberty and Labor - From Darkness to Light - Dedicated to the 1895 Atlanta Exposition


Lady Liberty and Labor - Concerning a Growing Menace


Lady Liberty and Labor - The Big Boycott Wind-Bag


Lady Liberty Postcards celebrating National Holidays


By the late 19C & early 20C, the sending of patriotic postcards was not just reserved for the 4th of July.  On special national holidays, like presidential birthdays & Memorial Day, sending patriotic greetings became very popular. Lady Liberty appeared on many of these.

Memorial Day Lady Liberty Postcard


1909 George Washington's Birthday Lady Liberty Postcard


1908 Lady Liberty Postcard


1908 Memorial Day Lady Liberty Postcard



1910 Abraham Lincoln's Birthday Lady Liberty Postcard



Lady Liberty Postcard



Decoration Day Lady Liberty Postcard



Lady Liberty Postcard



Lady Liberty Postcard


Lady Liberty Postcard


Lady Liberty Postcard



Lady Liberty Postcard



1906 Lady Liberty Postcard


1907 Lady Liberty Postcard


1908 Lady Liberty Postcard


Gibson Girl Lady Liberty Postcard