Saturday, August 13, 2016

Dog Days of Summer - Belgian Fernand Toussaint 1873-1955

Fernand Toussaint (Belgian artist, from 1873 to 1955) Girl with Dog and Umbrella

Post Impressionist painter Belgian Fernand Toussaint Was Born into a cultivated upper-middle class family in Brussels. At the age of 15, Toussaint Began His education at the Art Academy of Brussels under portrait painter Jean-Fran├žois Portaels from 1889 - 1894. Toussaint left for Paris in 1891, continuing His studies under Belgian portraitist Alfred Stevens. His Toussaint divided time between Belgium & amp; Paris, painting commissioned portraits Often for affluent members of European society. Some well-heeled de son client requested Their portraits With Their dogs, and REMAIN thesis.

Fernand Toussaint (Belgian artist, from 1873 to 1955) Lady with a Dog

Fernand Toussaint (Belgian artist, from 1873 to 1955) Lady with Parasol and Dog

Dog Days of Summer  is the name for the Most sultry period of summer, from July 3 to Aug. about 11. Named in early times by Observers in Bordering the Mediterranean countries, the period Was Determined to extend from 20 days before to 20 days after the conjunction of Sirius (the dog star) & amp; the sun. The Greek poets Hesiod (ca. 750-650 BCE) & amp; Aratus (ca. 310-240 BCE) REFER, In Their writings, to  "the heat of late summer que la Greeks Believed Was Actually Brought on by the appearance of Sirius,"  a star in the constellation, que le later Romans, & amp; Refer to today we have Canis Major, literally the "Greater Dog" constellation. Homer, in the  Iliad, references the combination of "Orion's dog" (Sirius) with oncoming heat, fevers, & amp; evil, in Describing the approach of Achilles Toward Troy
Sirius rises late in the dark, liquid sky
On summer nights, star of stars,
Orion's Dog They Call it, brightest
Of all, an evil purpose carry, Bringing heat
Suffering and fevers to humanity.

The term "dog days" was used by the Greeks in Aristotle's Physics. Astronomer Geminus, around 70 BC, wrote: "It is Generally Believed That Sirius Produces the heat of the 'dog days' goal this is an error, for the star Merely marks a season of the year When the Sun' s heat is the greatest ".  The 1559 edition of lectionary of the Episcopal  Book of Common Prayer  indicates:" Naonae. Dog days begin "with the readings for July 7 & amp; end August 18. Aim the readings for September indicate indication 5:" Naonae. . Dog days end "This corresponds to the very Closely lectionary of the 1611 edition of the  King James Bible  qui indicates the Dog Days Beginning on July 6 & amp; ending on September 5. 

Summer Fans - Berthe Morisot 1841–1895

1869 Berthe Morisot (French, 1841–1895) The Sisters 

1874 Berthe Morisot (French, 1841–1895) Woman with a Fan, Portrait of Madame Marie Hubbard

1879 Berthe Morisot (French, 1841–1895) Young Woman Seated on a Sofa

1875 Berthe Morisot (1841-1895). At the Ball 1875

1871 Berthe Morisot (1841-1895). Young Woman

1881 Berthe Morisot (French, 1841–1895) After Luncheon

Berthe Morisot (1841-1895). Portrait of Marguerite Carre

1876 Berthe Morisot (1841-1895). Woman with a Fan

1873 Berthe Morisot (French, 1841–1895) Reading

1872 Berthe Morisot (French, 1841–1895) The Artist's Sister Edma with Her Daughter Jeanne 

1871 Berthe Morisot (French, 1841–1895) On the Sofa

Berthe Morisot (1841-1895). The Artist's Sister at a Window

1893 Berthe Morisot (1841-1895). Girl with a Fan 

Morning Madonna

Giampietrino, possibly Giovanni Pietro Rizzoli (active 1495–1549), Madonna and Child 1520s

In this blog, I try to begin each day with a painting of the Madonna & Child. It centers me; connects me to the past; & encourages me to post some of the religious paintings which were a large part of the core of early Western art.  In the 4C, as the Christian population was rapidly growing & was now supported by the state, Christian art evolved & became grander to suit new, enlarged public spaces & the changing contemporary tastes of elite private clients.