Wednesday, August 24, 2016

Dog Days of Summer - John White Alexander 1856-1915


John White Alexander (American artist, 1856-1915), Aurora Leigh c 1904




John White Alexander (American artist, 1856-1915), Miss Dorothy Roosevelt (Mrs. Langdon Geer)



John White Alexander (American artist, 1856-1915), Anna Palmer Draper 1888

Okay, a few cats as well...


John White Alexander (American artist, 1856-1915) Black and Red 1896




John White Alexander (American artist, 1856-1915) The Green Dress 1890s


Dog Days of Summer is the name for the most sultry period of summer, from about July 3 to Aug. 11. Named in early times by observers in countries bordering the Mediterranean, the period was determined to extend from 20 days before to 20 days after the conjunction of Sirius (the dog star) & the sun.  The Greek poets Hesiod (ca. 750-650 BCE) & Aratus (ca. 310–240 BCE) refer, in their writings, to "the heat of late summer that the Greeks believed was actually brought on by the appearance of Sirius," a star in the constellation, that the later Romans, & we today refer to as Canis Major, literally the "greater dog" constellation. Homer, in the Iliad, references the association of "Orion's dog" (Sirius) with oncoming heat, fevers, & evil, in describing the approach of Achilles toward Troy:
Sirius rises late in the dark, liquid sky
On summer nights, star of stars,
Orion's Dog they call it, brightest
Of all, but an evil portent, bringing heat
And fevers to suffering humanity.

The term "dog days" was used by the Greeks in Aristotle's Physics.  Astronomer Geminus, around 70 B.C., wrote: "It is generally believed that Sirius produces the heat of the 'dog days,' but this is an error, for the star merely marks a season of the year when the sun"s heat is the greatest." The lectionary of 1559 edition of the Episcopal Book of Common Prayer indicates: "Naonae. Dog days begin" with the readings for July 7 & end August 18. But the readings for September 5 indicate: "Naonae. Dog days end."  This corresponds very closely to the lectionary of the 1611 edition of the King James Bible which indicates the Dog Days beginning on July 6 & ending on September 5.



Parasols for Sun & Umbrellas for Rain - Frederick Carl Frieseke 1874-1939



  1914c Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939)  The Hour of Tea

 Frederick Carl Frieseke (1874–1939) was an American Impressionist decorative painter. He was born in Owosso, Michigan & studied at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago & the Académie Julian in Paris. Frieseke & his family resided for 14 years in Giverny, home to Monet. Frieseke was attracted to women, gardens, & bright sunlight.


 1910-12c Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939) In the Garden, Giverny



 1912 Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939)  The Flower Garden 



 1910c Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939) The Garden Parasol 



 1908-09c Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939)  The Judas Tree 



 1910 Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939) Lady with the Sunshade 



 1914 Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939) Woman Seated in a Garden



Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939) 



 1911 Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939) Garden in June



 1905c Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939)  Lady with a Parasol 



 1912 Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939)  Hollyhocks


 1910c Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939) The Garden Umbrella



 1908c Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939)  The Japanese Parasol 



 1912-13c Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939)  Foxgloves 



 1910c Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939) The Garden Parasol



 1914c Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939) Sun and Wind 



1915c Frederick Frieseke (American artist, 1874-1939) The Garden


Frederick Frieseke (1874-1939) Woman with a Parasol, c. 1906


Frederick Frieseke (1874-1939) The Pink Parasol 1913



Frederick Frieseke (1874-1939) Promenade in the Garden


Frederick Frieseke (1874-1939) The Garden Path 1910


Frederick Frieseke (1874-1939) White Lilies


Madonnas attributed to the Le Nain brothers, (French artists, Antoine Le Nain (c.1599-1648), Louis Le Nain (c.1593-1648), and Mathieu Le Nain (1607–1677)



By one of the Le Nain brothers, (French artists, Antoine Le Nain (c.1599-1648), Louis Le Nain (c.1593-1648), and Mathieu Le Nain (1607–1677).  Adoration of the Shepherds


By one of the Le Nain brothers, (French artists, Antoine Le Nain (c.1599-1648), Louis Le Nain (c.1593-1648), and Mathieu Le Nain (1607–1677) Adoration of the Shepherds

In this blog, I try to begin each day with a painting of the Madonna & Child. It centers me; connects me to the past; & encourages me to post some of the religious paintings which were a large part of the core of early Western art.  In the 4C, as the Christian population was rapidly growing & was now supported by the state, Christian art evolved & became grander to suit new, enlarged public spaces & the changing contemporary tastes of elite private clients.