Monday, August 29, 2016

Dog Days of Summer - Maurice de Vlaminck 1876-1958


Maurice de Vlaminck (French artist, 1876-1958) Women with a dog in 1905 (a Fauvist dog!)


Dog Days of Summer  is the name for the most sultry period of summer, from about July 3 to Aug. 11. Named in early times by observers in countries bordering the Mediterranean, the period was determined to extend from 20 days before to 20 days after the conjunction of Sirius (the dog star) & amp; the sun. The Greek poets Hesiod (ca. 750-650 BCE) & amp; Aratus (ca. 310-240 BCE) refer, in Their writings, to  "the heat of late summer That the Greeks believed was actually brought` on by the appearance of Sirius,"  a star in the constellation, That the later Romans, & amp; we today refer to as Canis Major, literally the "greater dog" constellation. Homer, in the  Iliad , references the association of "Orion's dog" (Sirius) with oncoming heat, fevers, & amp; Evil, in describing the approach of Achilles toward Troy:
Sirius rises late in the dark, liquid sky
On summer nights, star of stars,
Orion's Dog they call it, brightest
Of all, but an evil portent, Bringing heat
And fevers to suffering humanity.

The term "dog days" was used by the Greeks in Aristotle's Physics. Astronomer Geminus, around 70 BC, wrote: "It is believed Generally Sirius That Produces the heat of the 'dog days,' but this is an error, for the star Merely marks a season of the year When the sun" s heat is the Greatest. "  The 1559 edition of the lectionary of the Episcopal  Book of Common Prayer  Indicates: "Naonae. Dog days begin "with the readings for July 7 & amp; end August 18. But the readings for September 5 stated:" Naonae. Dog days end. "This Corresponds very closely to the lectionary of the 1611 edition of the  King James Bible  Which Indicates the Dog Days beginning on July 6 & amp; ending on September 5. 



Parasols for Sun & Umbrellas for Rain - A few of unexpected parasol devotees...



Winslow Homer (American artist, 1836–1910) Artists Sketching in the White Mountains



John Singer Sargent (American expatriate artist, 1856-1925) The Sketchers, 1914



Carl Spitzweg (German artist, 1808-1885) The Botanist


Waterside with Frenchman Henri Lebasque 1865-1937



Henri Lebasque (French artist, 1865-1937) On the Beach



Henri Lebasque (French artist, 1865-1937) 

Henri Lebasque (French artist, 1865-1937) was born in Champigné, France; and by 1885, he was studying in Paris at the Ecole des Beaux Arts. Here Lebasque met Camille Pissarro & Auguste Renoir. Lebasque maintained an intense artistic exchange with young painters, especially Vuillard & Bonnard, the founders of the artists' associations "Les Nabis" (the prophets) & the "Intimists." In 1903, together with his friend Henri Matisse & other artists, Henri Lebasque founded the "Salon d'Automne," where Georges Rouault, André Derain, Edouard Vuillard and Henri Matisse exhibited. In 1924, Henri Lebasque moved to Le Cannet on the French Riviera. His portrayals of women & their children are colorful & intimate, full of the hope & joy of life.

Henri Lebasque (French artist, 1865-1937) On the Beach



Henri Lebasque (French artist, 1865-1937) Three Young Girls at the Beach



 Henri Lebasque (French artist, 1865-1937) 



 Henri Lebasque (French artist, 1865-1937) 



 Henri Lebasque (French artist, 1865-1937) 



 Henri Lebasque (French artist, 1865-1937) 



 Henri Lebasque (French artist, 1865-1937) 



 Henri Lebasque (French artist, 1865-1937) 



Henri Lebasque (French artist, 1865-1937) On the Beach


Henri Lebasque (French artist, 1865-1937) Beach at St Gildas


Henri Lebasque (French artist, 1865-1937) On the Beach


Madonnas attributed to Gerard David 1460-1523

Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Virgin & Child with Bowl of Milk

Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Virgin & Child with Bowl of Milk detail


Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Adoration of the Magi

Gerard David was probably born in Oudewater; exactly when he emigrated from this north Netherlandish town near Haarlem to the southern Netherlands is not known. He may have spent a period of time in Dieric Bouts's Leuven workshop, which continued under Bouts's sons, Aelbert & Dieric the Younger. 


From the Workshop of Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Adoration of the Magi

In 1484, David registered in the Bruges painters' guild, & he subsequently held several official posts in that organization. Although In 1515 he also registered in the Antwerp painters' guild, David continued to live in Bruges until his death.


Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Adoration of the Magi

Two documented works, the Justice of Cambyses of 1498 & the Virgin among Virgins of 1509, form the linchpins of David's oeuvre, around which many other paintings with similar characteristics have been grouped.  Paintings here are attributed to Gerard David.


Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Nativity

Although David perpetuated the stylistic traditions of other north Netherlandish artists who had settled in the southern provinces (particularily van Eyck & Dieric Bouts), he was also influenced to some degree by the works of Hugo van der Goes & Hans Memling and was open to Italian ideas as well.


Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Nativity


Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Nativity


Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) The Holy Family


Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Virgin & Child detail


Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Rest on the Flight to Egypt


Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Virgin & Child in the Landscape c 1530


Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Rest on Flight to Egypt


Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Virgin and Child


Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Madonna with Angels Making Music


Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Virgin and Child with Saints and Donor


Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Virgin & Child with 4 Angels


Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) The Virgin among angels 1509


Attributed to Gerard David (Flemish painter, 1460-1523) Tryptique de la famille Sedano Bruges 1523

In this blog, I try to begin each day with a painting of the Madonna & Child. It centers me; connects me to the past; & encourages me to post some of the religious paintings which were a large part of the core of early Western art.  In the 4C, as the Christian population was rapidly growing & was now supported by the state, Christian art evolved & became grander to suit new, enlarged public spaces & the changing contemporary tastes of elite private clients.