Tuesday, September 6, 2016

Dog Days of Summer - Edvard Munch 1863-1944 (perhaps a howl rather than a scream)


Edvard Munch (Norwegian artist, 1863-1944) Dog's Head by a Red Tree, 1930's


 Edvard Munch (Norwegian artist, 1863-1944) Large and small dog (1912)


Edvard Munch (Norwegian artist, 1863-1944) The Kennel



Dog Days of Summer is the name for the most sultry period of summer, from about July 3 to Aug. 11. Named in early times by observers in countries bordering the Mediterranean, the period was determined to extend from 20 days before to 20 days after the conjunction of Sirius (the dog star) & the sun.  The Greek poets Hesiod (ca. 750-650 BCE) & Aratus (ca. 310–240 BCE) refer, in their writings, to "the heat of late summer that the Greeks believed was actually brought on by the appearance of Sirius," a star in the constellation, that the later Romans, & we today refer to as Canis Major, literally the "greater dog" constellation. Homer, in the Iliad, references the association of "Orion's dog" (Sirius) with oncoming heat, fevers, & evil, in describing the approach of Achilles toward Troy:
Sirius rises late in the dark, liquid sky
On summer nights, star of stars,
Orion's Dog they call it, brightest
Of all, but an evil portent, bringing heat
And fevers to suffering humanity.

The term "dog days" was used by the Greeks in Aristotle's Physics.  Astronomer Geminus, around 70 B.C., wrote: "It is generally believed that Sirius produces the heat of the 'dog days,' but this is an error, for the star merely marks a season of the year when the sun"s heat is the greatest." The lectionary of 1559 edition of the Episcopal Book of Common Prayer indicates: "Naonae. Dog days begin" with the readings for July 7 & end August 18. But the readings for September 5 indicate: "Naonae. Dog days end."  This corresponds very closely to the lectionary of the 1611 edition of the King James Bible which indicates the Dog Days beginning on July 6 & ending on September 5.



Waterside by Dutch artists Jozef Israëls 1824-1911 & Isaac Israëls 1865-1934



Jozef Israëls (Dutch Realist painter, 1824-1911) Mother and Child by the Sea



Jozef Israëls (Dutch Realist painter, 1824-1911) Anxiously Waiting



Jozef Israëls (Dutch Realist painter, 1824-1911) Girl in the Dunes



Jozef Israëls (Dutch Realist painter, 1824-1911) Sailing the Boat at Sea



Jozef Israëls (Dutch Realist painter, 1824-1911) Three Women Knitting by the Sea




Jozef Israëls (Dutch Realist painter, 1824-1911) Mother and Child by the Sea



Jozef Israëls (Dutch Realist painter, 1824-1911) The Toy Boat



Jozef Israëls (Dutch Realist painter, 1824-1911) Awaiting the Fishermen's Return



Jozef Israëls (Dutch Realist painter, 1824-1911) Children Playing by the Seaside



Jozef Israëls (Dutch Realist painter, 1824-1911) A Fishergirl On A Dunetop Overlooking The Sea



Jozef Israëls (Dutch Realist painter, 1824-1911) Children of the Sea. 1872



Isaac Israëls (Dutch Painter, 1865-1934)  The Donkey Ride.   Isaac Israels often spent his summers with his father, Joseph Israëls in the Dutch seaside resort of Scheveningen near The Hague. Guests there included Edouard Manet & Max Liebermann. Like many Impressionists interested by the changing light of sun & water, Isaac painted many colorful seaside scenes.



Isaac Israëls (Dutch Painter, 1865-1934)  Het mondaine scheveningen



Isaac Israëls (Dutch Painter, 1865-1934)  Donkey Riding



Isaac Israëls (Dutch Painter, 1865-1934)   Jonge vrouw, uitkijkend over zee



Isaac Israëls (Dutch Painter, 1865-1934) At the Beach Portrait of Martha Salomon



Isaac Israëls (Dutch Painter, 1865-1934)   Jongen en meisje op ezeltjes



Isaac Israëls (Dutch Painter, 1865-1934) Two girls standing on the beach, Viareggio, Italy



Isaac Israëls (Dutch Painter, 1865-1934) Vrouwen aan zee



Isaac Israëls (Dutch Painter, 1865-1934)



Isaac Israëls (Dutch Painter, 1865-1934)



Isaac Israëls (Dutch Painter, 1865-1934)


Madonnas attributed to the Workshop of Rogier van der Weyden



Workshop of Rogier van der Weyden, Diptych Madonna with St. Cathrine. Madonna and Child



Workshop of Rogier van der Weyden Madonna Enthroned

In this blog, I try to begin each day with a painting of the Madonna & Child. It centers me; connects me to the past; & encourages me to post some of the religious paintings which were a large part of the core of early Western art.  In the 4C, as the Christian population was rapidly growing & was now supported by the state, Christian art evolved & became grander to suit new, enlarged public spaces & the changing contemporary tastes of elite private clients.