Friday, November 2, 2012

Germany's 1920s Weimar Women by Jeanne Mammen 1890-1976



Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) In the Café, 1920s

Jeanne Mammen was born in Berlin, but moved to Paris by the age of 5, where she became fluent in French. The daughter of a successful merchant, she and her sister Marie began their art education in 1906, at the Académie Julian in Paris. They traveled to Brussels in 1908, to study at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels, and in 1911 at the Scuola Libera Academica, Villa Medici, in Rome.

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) 1920s

After her father suffered financial reverses due to WWI, the family moved back to Berlin, where Jeanne and his sister lived in a studio together. She worked as a magazine illustrator and poster designer. But in 1933, the National Socialists denounced her art. She managed to support herself until 1945, when she began exhibiting her paintings again, until her death in 1979.

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) At Kranzler's, 1929

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) Revuegirls, 1928

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) Boring Dolls, 1920s

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) She Represents, 1927

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) Stock Dealer, 1929

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) The Redhead 1930

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) Ursa Major, 1920s

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) The Kaschemme Bar c 1925

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) Valeska Gert, c. 1929

Self-Taught Southern Artist Mose Tolliver (c 1920-2006)


The text on this blog posting is the obituary that appeared in The New York Times at the death of self-taught "Outsider" artist Mose Tolliver (c 1920-1006).


Mose Tolliver, Folk Painter of Outsider Art is DeadBy THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Published: November 3, 2006

Mose Tolliver (c 1920-2006) Wild Chicken

MONTGOMERY, Ala., Nov. 2 (AP) — The folk artist Mose Tolliver, whose self-portraits and vivid images of nature, people, animals and the female form were done with humble house paint and made him one of the leaders of the modern-day Outsider Art movement, died here on Monday. He was in his 80s.

Mose Tolliver (c 1920-2006) Night Garden with Fireflies

The cause was pneumonia after years of declining health, family members said. Various dates have been given for his birth, with 1920 listed by some collectors.

Mose Tolliver (c 1920-2006) Woman on Scooter

A self-taught artist, he signed his work Mose T. He began painting in the 1960s after being severely injured while working in a furniture factory. He was said to have gained notice when he hung his paintings on trees in his front yard and sold them for a few dollars to passersby.

Mose Tolliver (c 1920-2006) Self Portrait
“Mose Tolliver’s lyrical visions of birds, flowers and women are sometimes nightmarish,” a Washington Post critic wrote in 1982, when Mr. Tolliver’s work was included in “Black Folk Art in America: 1930-1980” at the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington.

Mose Tolliver (c 1920-2006) Man on Scooter 1981

Anton Haardt, author of Mose T from A to Z: The Folk Art of Mose Tolliver, was an early admirer and began buying his work and reselling it, getting it noticed by dealers. “Mose and I became very close friends,” she told the New Orleans publication Gambit Weekly. “I’d give all the money from the sales to Mose, and he would give me two paintings in return.”

Mose Tolliver (c 1920-2006)

His works were among those that helped create interest in "Outsider Art," when the Corcoran held its landmark exhibition.

Mose Tolliver (c 1920-2006)

“His work was influenced by what he drew from his life,” said Micki Beth Stiller, a Montgomery lawyer and collector of Mose T and other outsider artists. “He painted in a simple, naïve, direct style of things from his life.”

Mose Tolliver (c 1920-2006)

His self-portraits over the years conveyed a range of emotions, she said, from the early years when he painted himself with a pipe to the later years when he included a crutch. She said his handling of color was superb, especially in his early years. Later he would often paint for the marketplace. “He did a thousand watermelons,” she said.

Mose Tolliver (c 1920-2006) Moon Man

Mose T’s paintings can sell for thousands of dollars today and are in many museum collections, including those of the American Folk Art Museum in New York, the High Museum of Art in Atlanta, the Milwaukee Art Museum, the New Orleans Museum of Art and the American Visionary Art Museum in Baltimore.

Mose Tolliver (c 1920-2006)

But collectors say it can be hard to find an original since his relatives adopted a similar painting style and signed “Mose T” to their art as his fame grew. His daughter, Annie Tolliver, is an artist who uses a style similar to her father’s.

Mose Tolliver (c 1920-2006) Sheep from http://www.gordongallery.net/

The youngest of 12 children, Tolliver was born July 4, 1924, in Pike Road, Alabama. He reportedly left school in the third grade to work in the fields. He later worked as a gardener and housepainter.

Mose Tolliver (c 1920-2006) Bird on Branch c 1978