Wednesday, July 24, 2013

Thursday, July 18, 2013

Thru the Eyes of an Artist- - Hungarian Csontváry Kosztka,Tivadar (1853–1919)

Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian painter, 1853-1919) Bird of Prey in 1893

Although Csontváry lived until he was 60, His creative period was very short, from about 1890 to 1909, Consisting of about 100 paintings Which are Generally seen to be the first modern art in Hungary. Because of His unstable mental health, he only started to study painting formally at age 41, first in Munich under Hollósy Simon, then in Karlsruhe under Kallmorgen. During the early 1890s, His paintings of landscapes, animals, & amp; women were fairly traditional.
Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian painter, 1853-1919) Deer 1893

In 1895, Csontváry Traveled to Dalmatia & amp; Italy to paint landscape studies. In 1903, he went to the Near East in search of the "great motif." He was inspired by Lebanon. The dramatic, expressive representation of Lebanon's "Balbeck" is the last piece of this period, Which caratterizzata His pantheism & amp; His expressive use of colors.
Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Woman by Window 1890

Baalbek (Arabic: بعلبك) is a town in the Bekaa Valley of Lebanon, east of the Litani River. It is famous for its exquisitely detailed yet monumentally scaled temple ruins of the Roman period, When Baalbek, then known as Heliopolis, was one of the largest sanctuaries in the Empire. Baalbek is Lebanon's greatest Roman treasure & amp; I can be counted among the wonders of the ancient world, with the largest & amp; most noble Roman temples ever built.
Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Woman Peeling Apple c 1894

Csontváry Traveled to Lebanon in 1907. His symbolic paintings with mysterious atmospheres were painted there: "Lonely Cedar;" "Pilgrimage to the Cedars in Lebanon;" & Amp; "Mary's Journey in Nazareth."
Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Baalbek 1906

His exhibits in 1907, 1908, & amp; 1910, did not bring Csontváry the recognition he had so earnestly hoped for. The last major canvas. "Riding along the Beach" was painted in Naples in 1909. After His loneliness That & amp; schizophrenia created such a severe mental condition, That Csontváry was unable to create anything else but random sketches of surrealistic visions.
Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Baalbek detail 1906
Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Baalbek detail 1906
Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Baalbek detail 1906
Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Baalbek detail 1906
Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Pilgrimage to the Cedars of Lebanon 1907
Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Sacrificial Stone in 1906-07 Baaltec
Csontváry Kosztka, Tivadar (Hungarian artist, 1853-1919) Self Portrait 1900

Tuesday, July 16, 2013

The Softer Side of German Colorist Emil Nolde 1867-1956

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Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) White Tree Trunks 1908Emil Nolde wrote, "Colors, the materials of the painter; colors in their own lives, weeping and laughing, dream and bliss, hot and sacred, like love songs and the erotic, like songs and glorious chorals! Colors in vibration, pealing like silver bells and clanging like bronze bells, proclaiming happiness, passion and love, soul, blood, and death."Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) Couple sur la plage 1903
Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956)Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956)Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) Blue Sea and Red CloudsEmil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956)Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) Couple 1931Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) Lake Luceren 1930.

Sunday, July 14, 2013

The Stormy Life of German Colorist Emil Nolde 1867-1956

. Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956)
Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) was a German painter & printmaker. He was one of the first Expressionists (even though he did not consider himself an Elpressionist), a member of Die Brücke, and is considered to be one of the great colorists of the 20th century.

Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) Abendhimmel
He was born Emil Hansen, the son of a peasant family living in the coastal Schleswig area of Germany near the Danish border. He trained as a woodcarver; & at age 21 moved to Munich to work carving ornamental furniture moldings. He taught crafts for 6 years at the Museum of Industry & Trade in St. Gallen, Switzerland. He began to study art full time in 1898, at age 31, which took him back to Munich & briefly to Paris & Copenhagen, where he discovered the art of Vincent Van Gogh.

Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956)In 1906, his evolving expressionist style of painting earned him membership in Die Brücke in Dresden and later the "New Secession" in Berlin, but his aloof & irritable personality caused a break with both groups within a year or two.

Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) Stormy SunsetNolde was a supporter of the Nazi party from the early 1920s, having become a member of its Danish section. He expressed negative opinions about Jewish artists, and considered Expressionism to be a distinctively Germanic style.

Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956)
However Hitler rejected all forms of modernism as "degenerate art," & the Nazi regime officially condemned Nolde's work. Until that time he had been held in great prestige in Germany. Soon after, 1052 of his works were removed from museums, more than those of any other artist. Some were included in the Degenerate Art exhibition of 1937, despite his protests.

Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) The Sea 1913Nolde was not allowed to paint - even in private — after 1941. Nevertheless, during this period he created hundreds of watercolors calling them the "Unpainted Pictures." After World War II, Nolde was once again honoured, receiving the German Order of Merit, West Germany's highest civilian decoration.

Emil Nolde (German artist, 1867-1956) Self Portrait
In 1942 Nolde wrote, "There is silver blue, sky blue and thunder blue. Every colour holds within it a soul, which makes me happy or repels me, and which acts as a stimulus. To a person who has no art in him, colours are colours, tones tones...and that is all. All their consequences for the human spirit, which range between heaven to hell, just go unnoticed.".

Thursday, July 4, 2013

Women & Landscapes by Ferdinand Hodler, Swiss painter, 1853-1918

Ferdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Landschaft bei Caux mit aufsteigenden Wolken - 1917
Ferdinand Hodler (1853-1918) was born in Berne, the eldest of 6 children. By the time Hodler was 8, he had lost his father & 2 younger brothers to tuberculosis. His mother remarried but died of tuberculosis in 1867, when he was 14. Eventually the disease killed all of Hodler's remaining siblings, instilling in the artist a powerful consciousness of mortality.

Ferdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Bildnis Madame de R. - 1898Before he was 10, Hodler received training in decorative painting from his stepfather, & was then sent to Thun to apprentice with a local painter, Ferdinand Sommer. Hodler's earliest works were conventional landscapes, which he sold in shops & to tourists. In 1871, at the age of 18, he traveled on foot to Geneva to start a career as a painter of landscapes, figures, & portraits.Ferdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Abendnebel am Thunersee - 1908As time passed, Hodler's work took on an expressionist aspect with strongly colored & geometrical figures. Landscapes were pared down to essentials, sometimes consisting of a jagged wedge of land between water & sky.Ferdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Portrait of a Woman 1907In 1908, he met Valentine Godé-Darel, who became his mistress. She was diagnosed with cancer in 1913, & the many hours Hodler spent by her bedside resulted in a remarkable series of paintings documenting her decline. Her death in January 1915, affected Hodler greatly. Ferdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Berggipfel am Morgen - c 1915In 1914, he condemned the German atrocities conducted using artillery at Rheims. In retaliation for this, German art museums excluded Hodler's work.
Ferdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Bildnis Gertrud Müller - c 1912In his final years, Hodler occupied himself with a series of about 20 introspective self-portraits dating from 1916. By late 1917 his declining health led him to thoughts of suicide. He died on May 19, 1918 in Geneva.

Ferdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Die Dents du Midi von Chesières aus - 1912Ferdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Artist's WifeFerdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Jungfrauenmassiv und Schwarzmönch - 1911 Ferdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Giulia Leonardi 1910 Ferdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Der Niesen - 1910Ferdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Ferdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Le Grand MuveranFerdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Giulia Leonardi 1910Ferdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Aufsteigender nebel über den Savoyer Alpen - 1917 Ferdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) An Italian Woman Ferdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Die Dents du Midi von Caux aus - 1917Ferdinand Hodler (Swiss painter, 1853-1918) Madame Valentine Gode-Darel 1914