Saturday, December 31, 2016

Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

Melozzo da Forli (Italian Renaissance artist, 1438-1494) Angel from the Vault of the Sacristy of Saint Mark  January 29, 2011. "Without Melozzo, the work of Raphael and Michelangelo would have never existed.” This statement by Antonio Paolucci, director of the Vatican Museums, sums up the impact this renaissance painter had on some of the greatest Italian painters.

Celebrating

Sir Thomas Samwell and Friends by Philippe Mercier (c. 1733)

“Seeing in the New Year” 1836

“Seeing in the New Year” from The book of Christmas illustrated by Robert Seymour 1836

In both the Gregorian calendar, currently used in the United States, & the Julian calendar, which was used until 1752 in the British colonies, the last day of the year is December 31. 

In Europe, the mid-winter period was traditionally associated with feasting & parties. New Year’s Eve festivities can be traced back to celebrations in Europe that date back before Christianity spread.  When many inhabitants in Europe were converted to Christianity, these festivals were merged with Christian beliefs & in time came to mark holidays such as the New Year’s Eve & New Year celebrations.

In the early years of the American colonies & within the new republic of the United States, this type of celebration was often frowned upon, particularly by religious communities. Around the start of the 1900s, New Year's Eve celebrations in America started to appear. The first Ball drop in Times Square was held in 1907. Around the same time, special events, such as fireworks, to welcome the New Year in the United States started to be organized for December 31st.

Friday, December 30, 2016

Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

Melozzo da Forli (Italian Renaissance artist, 1438-1494) Angel from the Vault of the Sacristy of Saint Mark  January 29, 2011. "Without Melozzo, the work of Raphael and Michelangelo would have never existed.” This statement by Antonio Paolucci, director of the Vatican Museums, sums up the impact this renaissance painter had on some of the greatest Italian painters.

The Christmas Season for Dogs

Carl Reichert (Austrian painter, 1836-1918) A Christmas Treat 1800s

Thursday, December 29, 2016

Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

Melozzo da Forli (Italian Renaissance artist, 1438-1494) Angel from the Vault of the Sacristy of Saint Mark  January 29, 2011. "Without Melozzo, the work of Raphael and Michelangelo would have never existed.” This statement by Antonio Paolucci, director of the Vatican Museums, sums up the impact this renaissance painter had on some of the greatest Italian painters.

Proper Celebrating...nothing that leads to fornication

1736 A Ball by Johann Franz Hörmannsperger (Austrian, 1710-) The musician’s hats are levitating!

Dancing, wrote Philip Stubbs or Stubbes (c 1555 – 1610) in 1583, is altogether a “horrible vice.” In his work The Anatomie of Abuses, Stubbes decryed, “what clipping, what culling, what kissing and bussing, what smouching and slabbering of one another: what filthy groping and unclean handling is not practised everywhere in these dancings.” For dancing “provoketh lust, and the fires of lust, [which] once conceived...burst forth into the open action of whoredom and fornication.” 

In The Anatomie of Abuses, Philip Stubbs – a pamphleteer – rails against aspects of popular culture that he believes are immoral and in need of immediate reform if his fellow countrymen and women are to escape punishment from God. The subjects that come under his criticism include some expected transgressions – visiting prostitutes, lending money at interest, drinking and gluttony – plus others which are surprising – the wearing of fancy clothing, showy hats, the theater, sports, and dancing! His work summarizes "Notable Vices and Imperfections, as now raigne in many Countreyes of the World: but (especiallye) in a famous ILANDE called AILGNA," (Ailgna is another name for England.) Stubbes has been described as a Puritan (or at least exceedingly puritanical); but records indicate, that he supported the established Church. 


Restrained Couples dancing with propriety in the Dance House of Augsburg, 1500

See The British Library

Wednesday, December 28, 2016

Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

Melozzo da Forli (Italian Renaissance artist, 1438-1494) Angel  January 29, 2011. “Without Melozzo, the work of Raphael and Michelangelo would have never existed.” This statement by Antonio Paolucci, director of the Vatican Museums, sums up the impact this renaissance painter had on some of the greatest Italian painters.

Paintings of The Adoration of the Shepherds

1374 Adoration of the Shepherds  by Bartolo di Fredi 1330-1409 Metropolitan Museum of Art, Cloisters Collection 25.120.288


 1383 Bartolo di Fredi, Nativity and adoration of the shepherds

There were shepherds in the same country staying in the field, and keeping watch by night over their flock. Behold, an angel of the Lord stood by them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. The angel said to them, "Don't be afraid, for behold, I bring you good news of great joy which will be to all the people. For there is born to you, this day, in the city of David, a Savior, who is Christ the Lord. This is the sign to you: you will find a baby wrapped in strips of cloth, lying in a manger." Suddenly, there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly army praising God, and saying,


 1449 Domenico Ghirlandaio (Italian artist, 1449–1494) Adoration of the Shepherds
"Glory to God in the highest, 
on earth peace, good will toward men." 
It happened, when the angels went away from them into the sky, that the shepherds said one to another, "Let's go to Bethlehem, now, and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has made known to us." They came with haste, and found both Mary and Joseph, and the baby was lying in a manger. When they saw it, they publicized widely the saying which was spoken to them about this child. All who heard it wondered at the things which were spoken to them by the shepherds. But Mary kept all these sayings, pondering them in her heart. The shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, just as it was told them.  Luke 2:8-20


1451 Andrea Mantegna Adoration of the Shepherds 


1510 Giorgione (Giorgio Barbarelli from Castelfranco 1477-1510) The Adoration of the Shepherds


 1508 Pieter Aertsen (Dutch Northern Renaissance Painter, c 1508-1575) The Adoration of the Shepherds


Adoration of the Child Jesus c 1515, attributed to a follower Jan Joest.


 1522 Correggio (Antonio Allegri) (Italian painter, c 1489-1534) Adoration of the Christ Child by the Shepherds on the Holy Night


 1545 Jacopo Bassano (Italian painter, 1510-1592) Adoration of the Shepherds


 1555 Jacob de Backer (Belgian artist, 1555–1585) Adoration of the Shepherds


Francesco Bassano the Younger (1563-1570) Adoration of Shepherds


Francesco Bassano the Younger (1563-1570) Adoration of Shepherds


1585 Jacopo Bassano (Italian painter, 1510-1592) Adoration of the Shepherds Detail


1590 Gerrit van Honthorst (Dutch painter, 1590–1656) Adoration of the Shepherds


1590 Gerrit van Honthorst (Dutch painter, 1590–1656) Adoration of the Shepherds


1593 Georges de La Tour (French artist, 1593–1652) Adoration of the Shepherds


1593 Jacob Jordaens (Flemish artist, 1593-1678) Adoration of the Shepherds


 1599 By one of the Le Nain brothers, (French artists, Antoine Le Nain (c.1599-1648), Louis Le Nain (c.1593-1648), and Mathieu Le Nain (1607–1677) Adoration of the Shepherds


1599 By one of the Le Nain brothers, (French artists, Antoine Le Nain (c.1599-1648), Louis Le Nain (c.1593-1648), and Mathieu Le Nain (1607–1677).  Adoration of the Shepherds


1599 Cigoli, Ludovico Cardi (1559-1613) - 1599 The Adoration of the Shepherds with St. Catherine of Alexandria

 Angnolo Bronzino, Agnolo di Cosimo, (Italian Mannerist artist, 1503-1572) Adoration of the Shepherds

El Greco (Greek painter, 1541-1614) The Adoration of the Shepherds 1614


Fra Filippo Lippi (Italian Renaissance painter, c 1406–1469) also called Lippo Lippi, Adoration of the Shepherds


Giorgio Vasari (Italian artist, 1511–1574) Adoration of the Shepherds


Lorenzo di Credi (Italian artist, c 1459-1537) Adoration by the Shepherds


 Lorenzo Lotto (1480-1556) Adoration of the Shepherds


Paolo Veronese (Paolo Caliari) ((Italian, 1528-1588) Adoration of the Shepherds


Paolo Veronese (Paolo Caliari) ((Italian, 1528-1588) Adoration of the Shepherds


Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti (Italian, 1518-1594), Adoration of the Shepherds


Unknown Master, German (active 1470-80) Adoration of the Shepherds

Illuminated Manuscripts - Adoration of the Shepherds

 Adoration of the Shepherds at History of Christianity in Ukraine, by unknown author. Armenian 

 Adoration of the Shepherds British Library manuscript


 Adoration of the Shepherds, Bodleian MS. Arch. Selden B. 26, fol. 8r.


 Adoration of the Shepherds, folio 96r, Libro de Horas de Juana I de Castilla


 Adoration of the Shepherds


The Adoration of the Shepherds, Master of the Prayer Books 1510-20

Tuesday, December 27, 2016

Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.

Melozzo da Forli (Italian Renaissance artist, 1438-1494) Angel from the Vault of the Sacristy of Saint Mark  January 29, 2011. "Without Melozzo, the work of Raphael and Michelangelo would have never existed.” This statement by Antonio Paolucci, director of the Vatican Museums, sums up the impact this renaissance painter had on some of the greatest Italian painters.

A Different View - Christmas in a Brothel by Norwegian artist Edvard Munch 1863-1944

 Edvard Munch (Norwegian artist, 1863-1944) Christmas in the Brothel

Images of European Christmas Season Traditions

Viggo Johansen (Danish artist, 1851–1935) Silent Night


 Jan Havicksz. Steen (Dutch artist, c 1626-1679). Feast of St Nicholas 1665


Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller (Austrian artist, 1793-1865) A traveling family of beggars is rewarded by poor peasants on Christmas Eve 1834


Carlton Alfred Smith (English artist, 1853-1946), Christmas Eve


Franz Ignaz Pollinger (Austrian artist) First Christmas Tree in Ried 1848

Felix Ehrlich (German artist, 1866–1931) Christmas

Joseph Clarke (English-born artist, 1844-1890) Christmas Morning 

David Jacob Jacobson (German painter, 1818–1891) Selling Christmas Trees


George Bernard O’Neil (Irish artist, 1828-1917) Hanging the Mistletoe 1892

Hans Stubenrauch (German artist, 1875– 1941) Christmas Time

Genrich Manizer (Russian artist, 1847–1925) Christmas Tree Market

Franz Skarbina (German artist, 1849 –1910) Under the Christmas Tree

Franz Skarbina (German artist, 1849–1910) Boy from the Berlin Christmas Market


William Ewart Lockhart (Scottish artist, 1846-1900)  Old Father Christmas

Sergei Dunchev (Russian artist, b 1916) New Year

Heinrich Max (Czech artist, 1847-1900) A Christmas Read 1877


Albert Chevallier Tayler (British painter, 1862-1925) The Christmas Tree 1911


Gustave Brion (French Realist Painter, 1824-1877) Christmas Singers detail 1856


Franz Krüger (German painter, 1797-1857),  Father & Son Picking Christmas Tree


Franz Skarbina (German artist, 1849-1910) The Christmas Market in Berlin 1892


Zinaida Yevgenyevna Serebriakova (Russian artist, 1884-1967) Katya in Blue Dress by Christmas Tree 1922


Frederick Daniel Hardy (English artist, 1827-1911)  The Christmas Hamper 1874


Fetching Home the Christmas Dinner. From The London Illustrated News, Christmas Supplement. 1848.


Heinrich Ferdinand Werner (German artist, 1867-1928) The Christmas Tree 1909


Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller (Austrian artist, 1793-1865), Christmas Morning 1844


Hildebrandt Ferdinant Theodor (German painter, 1804–1874) Children Anticipating the Christmas Feast 1840


 Joseph Clark (British artist, 1834-1926) A Christmas Dole 1800s


Callcott Horsley (English artist, 1817-1903), Under the Mistletoe 1865


Lovis Corinth (German painter, 1858-1925) Distributing Christmas Presents 1913


Augusto Giacometti (Swiss artist, 1877-1947) Christmas 1939


Unknown French artist, Women and Children around the Christmas Tree c 1890 

Anders Zorn, (Swedish artist, 1860–1920) Christmas Morning Service 1908


 Franz Cižek (Austrian artist, 1865-1946)  Santa with Toys 1910-20


 Alois Hänisch (Austrian artist, 1866-1937) Christmas Spirit 1921


Jozsef Rippl-Ronai (Hungarian, 1861-1927) Christmas 1903-4 


Jozsef Rippl-Ronai (Hungarian artist, 1861-1927) Christmas 1910


Eugen Kirchner (German artist, 1865-1938) Christmas Eve 1927