Wednesday, September 30, 2015

A Few of the de Medici Women

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Elisabeth of France (1602-1644) Princess of France & Queen of Spain, daughter of King Henry IV. of France & Maria de Medici, m King Felipe IV. of Spain  by Giovanna Garzoni (Italian painter, 1600–1670)

Frans Pourbus the Younger (1569-1622) Margarita Gonzaga (1591-1632), Duchess of Lorraine, daughter of Duke Vincenzo Gonzaga & Eleonora de' Medici m Duke Henry I of Lorraine

Frans Pourbus the younger (1569–1622) Portrait of Maria de Medici (1575-1642)

Jan Frans van Douven (1656-1727) Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici (1667–1743)

Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne (1498-1519), m Lorenzo II de' Medici, mother of Catherine de Médici, Queen of France.

Niccolo Cassana (1659-1714) Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, Electress Palatine (1667-1743)

Scipione Pulzone (1550-1598) Young Woman Assumed to be Maria de Medici 1584

Attr to Alessandro Allori Laudomia or Isabella di Cosimo I de' Medici

Eleonora Medici (1562-1612) wife of Vincenzo I Gonzaga Duke of Mantua 1584

Jacopo Ligozzi (1547–1627) Camilla Martelli (1560-1580)


1543 Maria Salviati (1499-1543) daughter of Lucrezia di Lorenzo de' Medici & Jacopo Salviati. Wife of Giovanni dalle Bande by Jacopo Carucci known as Jacopo da Pontormo, Jacopo Pontormo or simply Pontormo, (Italian Mannerist painter, 1494–1557)

Lucrezia Medici (1533-1597) wife of Alfonso II of Este Duke of Ferrara 1558


Bia de' Medici, the daughter of Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, died at about age 6. After her death, her father commissioned a posthumous painting by Bronzino. Bianca de' Medici, called Bia (c 1536–1542) was the illegitimate daughter of Cosimo I de' Medici born before his 1st marriage.


Monday, September 28, 2015

A Few of the de Medici Men

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Giovanni di Bicci de' Medici 1360-1429 by Bronzino


Cosimo di Medici 1389-1464 by Bronzino


Piero di Cosimo de’ Medici 1416-1459 by Bronzino


Lorenzo de Medici 1449-1482 by Girolamo Macchietti


Pope Leo X 1475-1521 + his cousins, cardinals Giulio de' Medici & Luigi de' Rossi by Raphael


Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici, Pope Clement VII 1478-1534


Pope Pius IV Giovanni Angelo de’ Medici 1499-1565


Cosimo I de Medici 1519-1574


Alessandro Ottaviano de’ Medici Pope Leo XI 1535-1505


Ferdinando De’ Medici 1549-1609


Cosimo II de' Medici 1590-1621
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Saturday, September 26, 2015

1720s-30s English houses & landscapes by Peter Tillemans (1684–1734)

Peter Tillemans (Flemish artist, 1684–1734) A View of the Garden and Main Parterre of Winchendon House, Buckinghamshire, from the East, with Figures in the Foreground

Peter Tillemans (c. 1684-1734) was a Flemish painter, best known for his works on sporting & topographical subjects. Tillemans was born in Antwerp, the son of a diamond-cutter, & studied painting there.  He was brother-in-law to fellow artist Peter Casteels (1684-1749); & in 1708 the two young men were brought over to England by a dealer named Turner to copy Old Master paintings.  By 1711, he had joined Godfrey Kneller's (1646-1723) new Great Queen Street Academy of painting as a founding member, where Tillemans declared his speciality as 'landskip'.  He later joined the Society of St Luke (and was its Steward, 1725). Tillemans lived chiefly in Westminster, but traveled to execute commissions.  
Peter Tillemans (Flemish artist, 1684-1734) Newstead Abbey, Nottinghamshire, West Aspect 1730

By 1715, he had acquired his most faithful patron, Dr Cox Macro of Suffolk. In his country landscapes with gardens paintings, the houses often stand in a countryside brought to life by animals & hunting scenes.  He was employed with Joseph Goupy to paint a series of scenes for the opera-house in the Haymarket. In 1719, he was commissioned by John Bridges (1666-1724) to make about 500 drawings for the History of Northamptonshire.   These drawings were all executed in Indian ink, for which Bridges gave him a guinea a day & the run of his house.  Tillemans resided for some years at Richmond in Surrey, where is brother-in-law lived.  He also stayed at the home of his patron Dr. Cox Macro of Norton Haugh in Suffolk, where he died on 5 Dec. 1734.
Peter Tillemans (Flemish artist, 1684–1734) London from Greenwich Park


Peter Tillemans (Flemish artist, 1684–1734) Panoramic view of Chatsworth House and Park


Peter Tillemans (Flemish artist, 1684–1734) Prospect Of Ashburnham Place Sussex


Peter Tillemans (Flemish artist, 1684–1734) The View from One-Tree Hill in Greenwich Park


Peter Tillemans (Flemish artist, 1684–1734) View of Chatsworth House and Park


Peter Tillemans (Flemish artist, 1684-1734) Idealized View of Chirk Castle


  Peter Tillemans (Flemish artist, 1684–1734) A View of Uppark


Peter Tillemans (Flemish artist, 1684–1734) East View of Newsterad Abbey, Nottinghamshire


Peter Tillemans (Flemish artist, 1684–1734) A View of the Downs near Uppark including a view of the riding hill summerhouse


Peter Tillemans (Flemish artist, 1684–1734) Little Haugh Hall, Suffolk


  Peter Tillemans (Flemish artist, 1684–1734) River Thames


Peter Tillemans (Flemish artist, 1684–1734) View of Knowsley Park from the Riding Hill Summer House, looking towards Prescot Detail

Thursday, September 24, 2015

1738 Unusual Gardens flanking the courtyard of this hunting-lodge castle


Charles Leopold van Grevenbroeck (c 1731-1799)  Arrival of King Louis XV (1723–1774) at La Muette Castle in 1738. Detai

The castle was built by Charles IX (1550-1574), who was obsessed with hounds & hunting & wrote a book on the sport called La Chasse Royal, which was published in 1625, long after his death. Charles IX would reside at the castle for the full hunting season. 

Charles IX around 1572, painted by François Clouet.


Tuesday, September 22, 2015

Families In Gardens & Parks by Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788)



 Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788) Mr and Mrs Carter, c.1747–8



Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788) Conversation in a Park - Self Portrait with his wife Margaret 1746



 Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788)  Mr. and Mrs. Andrews 1749



Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788) Lady Lloyd & her son Richard 1746



Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788) Sarah Kirby and John Joshua Kirby c1751-1752



 Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788) Unknown Couple



Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788) The John Gravenor Family 1754



Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788)  Self-portrait with his wife and daughter, 1748



Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788) Heneage Lloyd & his sister Lucy


Sunday, September 20, 2015

Drinking - London's 1400s Public Taverns & Inns


Medieval Inn & Tavern Names

From Medievalists.net – January 31, 2014



British Library Medieval, Additional 27695, c. 1330-40

From 1423 to 1426 the names of over 50 taverns & inns were recorded by William Porland, who was the clerk for London’s fraternity of Brewers. In an article in the Journal of the English Place Name Society, Barrie Cox takes a look at these names & some of the reasons how they got them. Here are few:

1. The Swan – this was the most popular name, with 6 taverns in London using it. Other taverns were named for birds as well, including The Crane & The Cock. There were even taverns called The White Cock & The Red Cock.

2. The Dolphin (Dolphyn) was the name of a tavern near St. Magnus’ Church. Other animal names for taverns include The Horse, The Lamb & The Old Bull.

3. The Seven Stars (vij Sterres) – according to medieval knowledge, the 7 stars represented the sun, the moon, Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Venus & Mercury. Another tavern had the name The Three Moons.

4. The King’s Head (kyngeshed) – a few other taverns had a similar name, including The Horse’s Head, The Ram’s Head & The Saracen’s Head

5. Two taverns were named after saints: The Christopher, after the patron saint of travellers, & The St. Julian, who was the patron saint of hospitality.

6. The Pewter Pot (peauterpotte) could be found in Ironmonger Lane in Cheapside. It probably got its name for a type of drinking vessel.

7. The Pannier (panyer) on Paternoster Rowe would have been based on the French word panier, which means bread basket. Barrie Cox writes “this seems appropriate as a name for a lowly eating- & drinking-house.”

8. The Cony (Cony yn Conyhooplane) was a Middle English word for a rabbit, leading Cox to believe “the name suggests a small tavern where a rabbit stew could be enjoyed.”

Other names of medieval taverns include The Ball, The Basket, The Bell, The Cross, The Cup, The Garland, The Green Gate, The Hammer, The Lattice, The Rose & 2 that were called The Ship.

Barrie Cox’ article ‘Some London Inn & Tavern Names 1423-1426′ appears the Journal of the English Place Name Society, Vol.30(1997-8). He also wrote the book English Inn & Tavern Names, which was published in 1994 & is available from the Institute for Name Studies, University of Nottingham.