Friday, November 29, 2013

Germany's 1920s Weimar Women by Jeanne Mammen 1890-1976



Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) In the Café, 1920s

Jeanne Mammen was born in Berlin, but moved to Paris by the age of 5, where she became fluent in French. The daughter of a successful merchant, she and her sister Marie began their art education in 1906, at the Académie Julian in Paris. They traveled to Brussels in 1908, to study at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels, and in 1911 at the Scuola Libera Academica, Villa Medici, in Rome.

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) 1920s

After her father suffered financial reverses due to WWI, the family moved back to Berlin, where Jeanne and his sister lived in a studio together. She worked as a magazine illustrator and poster designer. But in 1933, the National Socialists denounced her art. She managed to support herself until 1945, when she began exhibiting her paintings again, until her death in 1979.

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) At Kranzler's, 1929

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) Revuegirls, 1928

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) Boring Dolls, 1920s

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) She Represents, 1927

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) Stock Dealer, 1929

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) The Redhead 1930

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) Ursa Major, 1920s

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) The Kaschemme Bar c 1925

Jeanne Mammen (German artist, 1890-1976) Valeska Gert, c. 1929

Wednesday, November 27, 2013

Englishman Henry Tonks 1862-1937 paints his neighbors



Henry Tonks (English artist, 1862-1937) The Crystal Gazers


Henry Tonks (English artist, 1862-1937) Steer at Home, 109 Cheyne Walk (on Christmas Eve)


Henry Tonks (English artist, 1862-1937) The Strolling Players


Henry Tonks (English artist, 1862-1937) The Betrothal


Henry Tonks (English artist, 1862-1937) Girl with a Parrot


Henry Tonks (English artist, 1862-1937) The Birdcage


Henry Tonks (English artist, 1862-1937) Woman in a Feathered Hat


Henry Tonks (English artist, 1862-1937) The Toilet

Monday, November 25, 2013

Hungarian Women & Culture at the End of the 19th-Century



Istvan Csók (Hungarian artist, 1865-1861) Gathering Hay 1890


 Istvan Csók (Hungarian artist, 1865-1861) 1892 Orphans


Istvan Csók (Hungarian artist, 1865-1861) Do This in Remembrance of Me 1890


 Istvan Csók (Hungarian artist, 1865-1861) The Painter's Wife 1903


Istvan Csók (Hungarian artist, 1865-1861) Baptism 1902


Istvan Csók (Hungarian artist, 1865-1861) Woman Embroidering 1905


Istvan Csók (Hungarian artist, 1865-1861) Daughter Zuna with Rooster 1914


Saturday, November 23, 2013

Setting the Stage - Elegantly costumed French ladies dancing by Jean-Frederic Schall 1752-1825



Jean-Frederic Schall (French painter, 1752-1825) Portrait of a lady, said to be Marie-Madeleine Guimard, called Mademoiselle Guimard, ballerina of the Paris Opéra.

Jean-Frederic Schall (French painter, 1752-1825) Danseuse A young lady dancing in a wooded glade 1780s

Jean-Frederic Schall (French painter, 1752-1825) Lady Dancing with a Garland 1780s

Jean-Frederic Schall (French painter, 1752-1825) Dancer with a Garland 1780s

Jean-Frederic Schall (French painter, 1752-1825) Dancer in Louis XVI Costume 1780s

Jean-Frederic Schall (French painter, 1752-1825) Dancer with a Rose Decolletage 1780s

Jean-Frederic Schall (French painter, 1752-1825) Dancer with Bouquet 1780s

Jean-Frederic Schall (French painter, 1752-1825) Dancer with a Tambourine 1780s

Jean-Frederic Schall (French painter, 1752-1825) Dancer with a Feather Hat 1780s

Jean-Frederic Schall (French painter, 1752-1825) Woodland Dancer 1780s


Thursday, November 21, 2013

1920s German Women by Christian Schad 1894-1982



1923 Christian Schad (German artist, 1894–1982) Marcella

Well, I am not sure that these women are at all happy, but they do seem rather independent and several appear fiercely self-assured. It was surely an unsettled time in Germany. Weimar Germany (1919–33) was creating an extreme nationalism among may citizens who were humiliated by the military defeat in the WWI(1914–18); the terms of the Treaty of Versailles; economic depression; and the swirling confusion in society. In exploiting and excusing the German military defeat, emerging Nazism created Dolchstosslegende claiming that the German war effort was internally sabotaged, by Jews, socialists, Bolshevik, the Social Democrats, and the Ebert Government. There was enough distrust, hate, decadence, and general unrest to upset anyone, even women.

1925 Christian Schad (German artist, 1894–1982) Woman from Pozzuoli

1920s Christian Schad (German artist, 1894–1982)

1926 Christian Schad (German artist, 1894–1982) Marcella

1920s Christian Schad (German artist, 1894–1982)

1927 Christian Schad (German artist, 1894–1982) Lotte

1920s Christian Schad (German artist, 1894–1982)

1928 Christian Schad (German artist, 1894–1982) Sonja

1929 Christian Schad (German artist, 1894–1982) Maika

1930 Christian Schad (German artist, 1894–1982) Friends

1930 Christian Schad (German artist, 1894–1982) Eva Von Arnheim

Tuesday, November 19, 2013

German Painter Otto Franz Scholderer 1834-1902

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Otto Franz Scholderer (German painter, 1834-1902) Frau Luise Philippine Conradine Steuerwaldt Scholderer am Frühstückstisch 1872-3


Otto Scholderer's portraits are somehow calming. Although he painted landscapes & still lifes of flowers, these are a few of his portraits of women. These are women simply doing what they have to do with no melodrama, but they are thinking about it.


Otto Franz Scholderer (German painter, 1834-1902) Girl Cutting Flowers


Otto Franz Scholderer (1834-1902) was born in Frankfurt am Main. He was the son of Johann Christoph Scholderer and Emilie Kiefhaber.  He studied at the Städel academy of arts 1849-51. Among his teachers was painter Jakob Becker. Scholderer established himself in Städel as a freelance painter. During this period, his friendship with Victor Müller began. Scholderer became his brother-in-law in 1868.


Otto Franz Scholderer (German painter, 1834-1902) The Letter


Müller acquainted Scholderer with the works of Gustave Courbet. Scholderer made several short study trips to Paris between 1857-58, where he became friends with Henri Fantin-Latour & Édouard Manet, who influenced work. Fantin-Latour depicted Scholderer in his picture Studio aux Batignolles.


Otto Franz Scholderer (German painter, 1834-1902) Großes Stilleben mit junger Frau


Beginning in 1858, the 24-year-old Scholderer worked & lived predominantly in Kronberg, where his colleagues included Anton Burger, Peter Burnitz & Louis Eysen.


Otto Franz Scholderer (German painter, 1834-1902) On the Ottoman, Portrait of the artist's wife Luise Philippine Conradine Steuerwaldt


In 1866, Scholderer established himself in Düsseldorf & made friends with Hans Thoma. With Thoma, Scholderer went in 1868 to Paris & returned to Germany only shortly before the outbreak of the French-German War.


Otto Franz Scholderer (German painter, 1834-1902) The Flower Arrangement


Once back in Germany, Scholderer established himself in Munich, renewing his friendship with Wilhelm Leibl & becoming one of the artists of the Leibl-Kreis (Leibl circle).


Otto Franz Scholderer (German painter, 1834-1902) The Artist's Neice Lucy 1899


At the beginning of 1871 he went to London. Otto Franz Scholderer married, at age 38, Luise Philippine Conradine Steuerwaldt, age 34, in 1872 at Roehampton, Wandsworth District, County of Surrey, England. Two years later, they had a son Victor.  The artist worked there till the autumn of 1899, when Scholderer returned to his hometown of Frankfurt, where he died at the age of 68 early in 1902.


Otto Franz Scholderer (German painter, 1834-1902) Gemüseverkäuferin 1880


Otto Franz Scholderer (German painter, 1834-1902) Luise Philippine Conradine Steuerwaldt, the artist's wife 1873


Otto Franz Scholderer (German painter, 1834-1902) Woman Knitting


Otto Franz Scholderer (German painter, 1834-1902) Bildnis der Ehefrau Luise Philippine Conradine Steuerwaldt Scholderer, lesend auf der Ottomane. 1895


Otto Franz Scholder (German artist, 1834-1902) Self Portrait 1861