Tuesday, April 2, 2013
During most of the 18th century, there were 2 major seaports on Maryland's Chesapeake Bay, Annapolis on the west side & Kent County's Chestertown on the Eastern Shore
1746 The Samuel Massey-Thomas Ringold House now Customs House
1746 Walter Dougherty- William Barroll House
1750 Bedingfield-Hands House
1756 Robert & Ann Sterling's frame Sterling's Castle
1759-80s The Dunn-Bolton House
1760s Nathaniel Hynson-Thomas Ringgold House also called The Abbey
1769 The Wallace-Wickes House
1769 Thomas Smythe's Widehall
1778 Edward Hopkins House
1780 Blacksmith Simon Wickes House
1781 William & Mary Trew's Providence Plantation
1782 The Palmer House of rubble stone, also called Rock of Ages House
Sitting on the Potomac River in Northern Virginia, Alexandria has a fascinating history with many of its historic buildings still existing today. Founded in 1749, Alexandria was a tobacco trading post; one of the 10 busiest trading ports in America; adjacent to the nation's new capital the District of Columbia; home to both the largest 19th-century slave-trading firm in the country with a large free-black community; a Civil War supply center for Union troops; & a street-car suburb for Federal workers as government began to expand. Alexandria was the hometown of George Washington & Robert E. Lee.
The War of 1812 & the 5-day occupation of Alexandria by British forces in 1814, had a profound effect on the town & its economy. Threatened with an invasion & with insufficient forces to defend the city, Alexandria’s Council surrendered to the British without resistance. The city avoided being burned, but the residents were required to surrender contents of stores & warehouses to the British.