Friday, October 31, 2014

Amazing Portraits & Landscapes by Polish Artist Rafal Malczewski 1892-1965

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Portrait Kazimiera Żuławska against the Tatra Mountains 1920

I got a call yesterday from a lady who was putting together a talk on paintings of women in the 1920s.  While searching for portraits of women in Europe in the 1920s, I came across several wonderful paintings of Polish women set in amazing landscapes. Each of the artist's landscapes was more breathtaking than the last. And when he portrayed the wind in the mountain by using a woman hanging laundry, I was hooked.

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Quarry 1927

Painter & author Rafal Malczewski was the son of Polish painter Jacek Malczewski. He studied philosophy, architecture, agronomy, & painting at the Academy of Fine Arts, in Vienna. Between WWI & WWII, Rafal Malczewski gained considerable fame as a painter with exhibitions in Poland & beyond (International Biennale in Venice in 1932 , Berlin , Helsinki , Los Angeles , Moscow , New York). In the years 1917-1939, he lived in Zakopane, Poland; but during the war he traveled to Hungary, France, Brazil, the United States, & finally settled in Montreal, where he lived from 1942 until his death. He painted his landscapes & portraits in both oil & watercolor.

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Portrait of Unrugów Witkiewicz, Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz's wife 1923

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Wind in the Mountains c 1925

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Portrait of Sophia Stryjeńska c 1925-29

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) A Beam of Light 1926-27

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Portrait of Helena Roj-Rytardowej 1923

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Autumn 1926

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Portrait Kazimiera Żuławska background of the Alps 1924

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Brick House 1928

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Auto in Winter Landscape 1930

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Blue pinafores (Farm) 1925

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) The Tatra Rally 1930

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Mountain Landscape (Landscape with Poronin) 1928-30

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Mountain Landscape - Hutsulshchyna 1933

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) View from the Kopieniec Cyrhli Great 1927

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Spring in the Mountains 1937

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Landscape

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) The storm in the mountains of Brazil 1943

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Evening in Poronin 1924-26

Rafal Malczewski (Polish painter, 1892-1965) Mount Warsaw

Monday, October 27, 2014

The intriguing story of Dido Belle at Kenwood in England.

Unknown Artist Portrait of Dido Elizabeth Belle (1761–1804) (left) and Lady Elizabeth Murray.

Dido Elizabeth Belle was the daughter of Admiral Sir John Lindsay of the Royal Navy & Maria Belle, a slave whom he met en route from England to Jamaica around 1761. Lindsay acknowledged that Dido was his daughter.  When Lindsay went back to the navy, he entrusted 5-year-old Belle to his uncle, William Murray, Lord Mansfield, who lived at Kenwood. Lord & Lady Mansfield had no children of their own but raised Belle with Lady Elizabeth Murray, the daughter of Mansfield’s other nephew, David Murray.  William Murray, Lord Mansfield, who as Lord Chief Justice presided over some of the most  historic cases that affected enslaved Africans.
1768-69 Allan Ramsay (English artist, 1713–1784) Captain Sir John Lindsay (1737–1788)

Dido lived at Kenwood for 30 years. She received an allowance & helped Lord Mansfield with his legal correspondence as well as supervising the care of the Kenwood dairy & poultry.  Dido was provided with furniture, birthday & Christmas gifts & ass’s milk when she was ill.

On August 29th 1779, American loyalist, Thomas Hutchinson (1711-1780) after visiting Kenwood, recorded in his diary:  "A Black came in after dinner & sat with the ladies & after coffee, walked with the company in the gardens, one of the young ladies having her arm within the other. She had a very high cap & her wool was much frizzled in her neck, but not enough to answer the large curls now in fashion. She is neither handsome nor genteel- pert enough. I knew her history before, but My Lord mentioned it again. Sir John Lindsay having taken her mother prisoner in a Spanish vessel, brought her to England where she was delivered of this girl, of which she was then with child, & which was taken care of by Lord M., & has been educated by his family. He calls her Dido, which I suppose is all the name she has. He knows he has been reproached for showing fondness for her — I dare say not criminal.  A few years ago there was a cause before his Lordship bro’t by a Black for recovery of his liberty.  A Jamaica planter being asked what judgement his Ldship would give? 'No doubt' he answered, 'He will be set free, for Lord Mansfield keeps a Black in his house which governs him & the whole family.'  She is a sort of Superintendant over the dairy, poultry yard, etc, which we visited. And she was called upon by my Lord every minute for this thing & that, & shewed the greatest attention to everything he said."
American loyalist, Thomas Hutchinson (1711-1780)

Hutchinson had been a Boston merchant who served as governor of Massachusetts. Viewed as pro-British by many, Hutchinson's house was looted & burned in 1765, by an angry crowd protesting the Stamp Act. As matters escalated, Hutchinson fled to England. Hutchinson's story of Dido's parentage did not match her father's.

When Lord Mansfield died, he carefully recorded in his will, that Dido was a free woman. She received legacies from her father, her great-uncle & other Mansfield relatives. From Lord Mansfield Dido inherited £500 outright, £100 per year, & of greatest consequence, her freedom. She also received £1000 (shared with another illegitimate child) from her father, Captain Sir John Lindsay, who died in 1788, & £100 from her aunt, Lady Margery (or Marjorie) Murray.
c 1740 Jean-Baptiste van Loo (French-born artist, 1684–1745) William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield (1705-1793)

William Murray, Lord Mansfield, died in 1793.  Belle left Kenwood in 1793, when she married John Davinier, an English steward at Kenwood.  They had 3 children-twin boys, Charles & John, & another son named William.  They lived in Pimlico. Belle died in 1804, aged 43.

Saturday, October 25, 2014

The Adoration of the Lamb from the Ghent Altarpiece

Hubert and Jan van Eyck. The Adoration of the Lamb, from the Ghent Altarpiece panel, Belgium Saint Bavo Cathedral c 1429-1432

The Adoration of the Lamb is based was passing from the Book of Revelations in the Christian Bible. The painting shows the Lamb of God in a meadow, with the community of saints Reviews arriving from the 4 corners of the earth. In early Christian belief, the Lamb of God Was Sacrificed to redeem humanity from the Original Sin of Adam & amp; Eve. The holy Confessors, bishops & amp; cardinals, as well as the virgins carry palms to symbolize the triumph of Christ over death's martyrdom.

Male martyrs, bishops, and cardinals (see Their red, flat hats) carrying palms.

Female martyrs & amp; holy virgins carrying palms.

Saints and apostles

Non-believers, Including Rome's Virgil

Thursday, October 23, 2014

Children with Birds in Cages from the 18C-19C

1700s François Boucher (French artist, 1703-1770) Portrait of Alexandrine Le Normant d'Étiolles, Playing with a Finch

More birds, more cages, and this time, children.  I am sure I have taken leave of my senses.  After the  birdcages in taverns search, I could not leave these out.

1700s Anton Raphael Mengs (1728-1779) Archduchess Maria Teresa of Austria with a caged parrot

1742 William Hogarth, (English artist, 1697-1764) The Graham Children

1757 Johann Georg Ziesenis (German artist, 1716-1777) Portrait of Maria Anna of Zweibrücken

1700s Hugh Douglas Hamilton (English artist, 1740–1808) The Grey Children

1800  Jean-Baptiste Greuze (French Rococo Era Painter, 1725-1805)  Girl with Doves

1800s André Henri Dargelas (French artist, 1828-1906) The Pet Bird

1800s Georg Friedrich Kersting (German artist, 1785-1847) Two Children with Parrot

1800s James Sant (English artist, 1820–1916) Girls with Bird and Cage

1800s Jan (Frederik Pieter) Portielje (Dutch painter, 1829-1908) Feeding the Bird

1800s Paul Seignac (French artist, 1826–1904) The Bird

1800s Philip Hoyoll (English artist, 1816-1875) Food for the Canary

1800s Philip Hoyoll (English artist, 1816-1875) Put Salt on their Tails to Catch Them

1800s William-Adolphe Bouguereau (French Academic painter, 1825-1905)  Pet Bird

1851 Johann Georg Meyer (German artist, 1813-1886) Boy with Bird

1856 Jonathan Eastman Johnson (1824-1906)  Girl and Pets

1867 Jacob Maris (Dutch painter, 1837-1899) A Girl Feeding a Bird in a Cage

1880s Berthe Morisot (French painter, 1841-1895) Julie Manet with a Budgie

1885 Berthe Morisot (French artist, 1841-1895) Girl with Birdcage

1888 Berthe Morisot (French painter, 1841-1895) Young Girl and Budgie

1889 John Singer Sargent (American artist, 1856–1925) Beatrice Goelet

1800-1900 Harry Roseland, (American genre painter, 1868-1950) Watching the Blue Bird

1800-1900s Paul Seignac (French artist, 1826–1904) The Bird

1800-1900 Harry Roseland, (American genre painter, 1868-1950) Feeding the Bird

c 1900 Harrington Mann (Scottish artist, 1864-1937) The Bird Cage