Monday, April 27, 2015

1612-20 The Seven Deadly Sins by Jan Collaert II 1571-1633

1612-1620 Septem Peccata Mortalia Print made by: Jan Collaert II (printmaker; Flemish; Male; c.1561-c.1620) Published by: Theodoor Galle (publisher/printer; printmaker; dealer/auction house; Flemish; Male; 1571-1633)

The Seven Deadly Sins; Adam and Eve in central image; surrounded by seven roundels with biblical scenes showing the seven deadly sins ('Pride' as the fallen angels [Isaiah 14]; 'Avarice' as Ananias and Sapphira dropping dead in front of St Peter after withholding part of profits [Acts 5]; 'Gluttony' as a corpulent man surrounded by other men [1 Kings 25]; 'Lust' as Phinehas killing Zimri and Cosbi [Numbers 25]; 'Sloth' as king Solomon and the idler [Proverbs 6]; 'Envy' as Joseph and his brothers [Genesis 37]; 'Wrath' as Cain and Abel [Genesis 4]); undescribed state with address of Theodor Galle

1630 The Seven Deadly Sins by George Glover (1625-1635) + a little fashion!

 George Glover (1625-1635) c.1630  Envy

 George Glover (1625-1635) c.1630  Gluttony

 George Glover (1625-1635) c.1630  Luxuria

 George Glover (1625-1635) c.1630  Sloth

 George Glover (1625-1635) c.1630 Covetness

 George Glover (1625-1635) c.1630 Pride

George Glover (1625-1635) c.1630 Wrath

1650 The Seven Deadly Sins by After Abraham Bosse -1639-1650

 After Abraham Bosse -1639-1650 Avarice

 After Abraham Bosse -1639-1650 Envy

 After Abraham Bosse -1639-1650 Gluttony

 After Abraham Bosse -1639-1650 Luxuria

 After Abraham Bosse -1639-1650 Pride

 After Abraham Bosse -1639-1650 Sloth

After Abraham Bosse -1639-1650 Wrath

1541 The Seven Deadly Sins by Georg Pencz (c. 1500-1550)

 Georg Pencz (c. 1500-1550) 1541 Avarice

 Georg Pencz (c. 1500-1550) 1541 Superbia

 Georg Pencz (c. 1500-1550) 1541 Gula

 Georg Pencz (c. 1500-1550) 1541 Invidia

 Georg Pencz (c. 1500-1550) 1541 Ira

 Georg Pencz (c. 1500-1550) 1541 Luxuria

Georg Pencz (c. 1500-1550) 1541 Pigrita

The Evolution of the Seven Deadly Sins

In the Book of Proverbs 6:16-19, among the verses traditionally associated with King Solomon, it states that the Lord specifically regards "six things the Lord hateth, and 7 that are an abomination unto Him:"
A proud look
A lying tongue
Hands that shed innocent blood
A heart that devises wicked plots
Feet that are swift to run into mischief
A deceitful witness that uttereth lies
Him that soweth discord among brethren

Tableau de mission François Marie Balanant.  An allegorical image depicting the human heart subject to the seven deadly sins, each represented by an animal (clockwise: toad = avarice; snake = envy; lion = wrath; snail = sloth; pig = gluttony; goat = lust; peacock = pride).

The modern concept of the 7 deadly sins is linked to the works of the 4C monk Evagrius Ponticus, who listed 8 evil thoughts in Greek as follows:
Γαστριμαργία (gastrimargia) gluttony
Πορνεία (porneia) prostitution, fornication
Φιλαργυρία (philargyria) avarice
Ὑπερηφανία (hyperēphania) hubris – in the Philokalia, this term is rendered as self-esteem
Λύπη (lypē) sadness – in the Philokalia, this term is rendered as envy, sadness at another's good fortune
Ὀργή (orgē) wrath
Κενοδοξία (kenodoxia) boasting
Ἀκηδία (akēdia) acedia – in the Philokalia, this term is rendered as dejection

In AD 590, a little over 2 centuries after Evagrius wrote his list, Pope Gregory I revised this list to form the more common Seven Deadly Sins.
luxuria (lechery/lust)
gula (gluttony)
avaritia (avarice/greed)
acedia (sloth/discouragement)
ira (wrath)
invidia (envy)
superbia (pride)

Beginning in the early 14C, the popularity of the Seven Deadly Sins brought them to become a theme among European artists.

17C Woman

We have few depictions of women in the 17C British American colonies, but contemporary European prints allow us to see the hairstyles & fashions being worn on the other side of the Atlantic during the early years of the English colonization of America. 

Jean Leblond 1605-1666 Bradamante;  François Ragot (Print made by); Young woman, bust-length; hat adorned with feather, chin-length curly hair, pearl necklace with lozenge-shaped pendants and dress trimmed with lace