Thursday, February 4, 2016

1500s Children of privilege mourning



Jan Gossaert (Jan Mabuse, Jennyn van Hennegouwe) (Flemish artist, c 1472-1532) The Three Children of Christian II 1526

In January 1526, Isabella of Habsburg, Queen of Denmark & sister of the Emperor Charles V, died, leaving behind her three children: John, aged 8; Dorothea, aged 5; & Christina, aged 3.  Here they are portrayed in their somber mourning clothes.

1512 Evolution of the advice "Don't throw the baby out with the bath water."


This 1512 image, shows the 1st mention of the phrase: "Throw out the baby with the bath water" from Narrenbeschwörung (Appeal to Fools) by Thomas Murner.  This idiom derives from a German proverb, das Kind mit dem Bade ausschütten.  It is a common catchphrase in German, with examples of its use in work by Martin Luther, Johannes Kepler, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Otto von Bismarck,Thomas Mann, and Günter Grass.


1500s Adults in Extended Family Groups



1519 Giovanni Cariani (1485-1547) Seven Albani Portraits



1520s Bernardino Licinio (1489-1565) Portrait of a Family



1520s Bernardino Licinio (1489-1565) Family Group



1560s Tintoretto, Jacopo Robusti (Italian, 1518-1594), Seven Members of the Soranzo Family



1575 Girolamo Forni, Portrait of the Women of the Giusti del Giardino family



1592 Thomas More and his Family by Rowland Lockey (1565-1616) after Hans Holbein the Younger


1500s Saxon Family Trees (The Spalatin Chronicle Family Trees) - Illuminated Manuscripts




















Frederick III, Elector of Saxony (1463–1525), Frederick the Wise, was the protector of Martin Luther, whom he offered asylum in his castle Wartburg.  Frederick III also asked his chief secretary George Burkhardt (known as George Spalatin), to compile a history of the German regions of Saxony & Thuringia.  Spalatin created a family history for the rulers of the various regions depicted as family tree miniatures decorated with family crests (The Spalatin Chronicle Family Trees), painted by the workshop of Lucas Cranach the Elder (German artist, 1472–1553).  Cranach & his workshop also painted many full-sized portraits of Frederick the Wise in the years after his death.



Frederick III (1463–1525), the Wise, Elector of Saxony, attr to Lucas Cranach the Elder (German, 1472–1553) or to his workshop


The label of this painting at the Metropolitan Museum of Art reads, "This panel and the portrait of John the Steadfast, the sitter's brother, are one of at least sixty pairs of portraits of his father and uncle ordered by John Frederick the Magnanimous from Cranach when he became Elector in 1532. All three rulers were Cranach's patrons at Wittenberg. So extensive a commission would undoubtedly have been executed mainly by workshop assistants." The portrait of Frederick's brother follows.




John I (1468–1532), the Steadfast, Elector of Saxony. Workshop of Lucas Cranach the Elder (German artist, 1472–1553)



Another of the paintings of Frederick III (1463–1525), the Wise, Elector of Saxony, attr to Lucas Cranach the Elder (German, 1472–1553) or to his workshop


1500s English & European Families



1515 Bernhard Strigel (German artist, c 1461-1528) Emperor Maximilian (1459-1519), Mary of Burgundy, their son Philip, and grandchildren Ferdinand, Charles and Margaret.

The Renaissance household in Europe was often made up of extended family members of different age groups. Grandparents, unmarried uncles & aunts, widowed sisters, with both natural & adopted children could coexist under the same roof. Boys and girls had a very different upbringing and destinies. Men's lives revolved around their professional achievements, women's around their biological beauty.


1517 Bernhard Strigel (German artist, c 1461-1528) Portrait of Conrad Rehlinge and his Children

Until the end of the Middle Ages, adults in the West often viewed children as miniature versions of grown-ups. In the 15C & 16C, artists usually depicted children in family portraits to look like shrunken replicas of their parents. Their clothes & their bodily proportions are usually the same as those of adults.  Families were often large.  Fatal infections in the Middle Ages were quite prevalent, & infant mortality rates were extremely high. Young children were not expected to live for very long.  In 17C France, for instance, between 20% & 50% of all infants died within the 1st year after birth.


1520 Bernhard Bernhard Strigel (German artist, c 1461-1528) The Cuspinian Family



1500s Bernardino Licinio (Italian artist, 1489-1565) Family Group



1530s Bernardino Licinio (Italian artist, 1489-1565) Arrigo Licinio and His Family



England's King Henry VII (1457-1509) and sons Arthur, Henry (VIII) and Edmund.



English King Henry VII's wife Elizabeth of York (1466-1503 with daughters Margaret, Elizabeth, Mary and Catherine.



1533 Giovanni Antonio Fasolo (Italian painter, 1530-1572) Valmarana Family



1547 Lorenzo Lotto (Italian artist, 1480-1556) Giovanni della Volta with his Wife and Children



1550 Paris Bordone (Italian painter, 1500-1571) Gentleman & Lady with their Daughter



1553-55 The Jagiellon Family attr Lucas Cranach the Younger (1515-1586)



1550-60 Cesare Vecellio (Italian painter, 1521-1601) Portrait of a Family



1559 Hans Hug Kluser Bildnis der Famlie des Basler Zunftmeisters Hans Rudolf Faesch und der Anna Glaser


1563 Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II. 1527-1576 of Austria and his wife Infanta Maria of Spain with their children.


1563-4 Cornelis de Zeeuw(fl 1558-1569) Dem Mucheron Family


1563  Bernard de Rijkere. Adriann van Santvoort & sons Guillaume & Adrian



1565 Bernardino Licinio (Italian artist, 1489-1565) A Family



1567 William Brooke, 10th Lord of Cobham and his Family by an Unknown Artist of the British School



1568 Katherine de Vere (c 1541-1600) Edward 3rd & his family Lord Windsor (1532-1575)


1570 Frans Pourbus the Elder (1545-1581) George 5th Lord Seton and Family



1577 Attributed to Frans Menton, Portrait of a Family



1577 Martin de Vos (Flemish Mannerist painter, ca.1532-1603) Portrait of Antonius Anselmus, His Wife and Their Children



1583 Adriaen Thomasz Key (c1540-1599) Self-Portrait with family  



1584 Lavinia Fontana (1552-1614) Portrait of the Gozzadini Family



1584 Otto van Veen, also known by his Latinized name Otto Venius or Octavius Vaenius, (Flemish artist, c1556-1629) Artist with his Family



c 1585 Anthuenis Claeissens (Flemish artist, 1538–1613) Family Saying Grace Before a Meal



1590 Jacob Willemsz. Delff the Elder (c 1550-1601) Self-Portrait with Family



1598 Pieter Pietersz (1540-1603) Laurens Jacobszon with His Wife and Three Sons


1598 Lavinia Fontana (Italian painter, 1552-1614)  Family Portrait


  1598 Gortzius Geldorp, A Father with 3 Sons