Monday, August 22, 2016

Dog Days of Summer - Just one brilliant dog painting from Edgar Degas 1834–1917

Edgar Degas (French artist, 1834-1917) Woman with her Dog

Dog Days of Summer  is the name for the most sultry period of summer, from about July 3 to Aug. 11. Named in early times by observers in countries bordering the Mediterranean, the period was determined to extend from 20 days before to 20 days after the conjunction of Sirius (the dog star) & amp; the sun. The Greek poets Hesiod (ca. 750-650 BCE) & amp; Aratus (ca. 310-240 BCE) refer, in Their writings, to  "the heat of late summer That the Greeks believed was actually brought` on by the appearance of Sirius,"  a star in the constellation, That the later Romans, & amp; we today refer to as Canis Major, literally the "greater dog" constellation. Homer, in the  Iliad , references the association of "Orion's dog" (Sirius) with oncoming heat, fevers, & amp; Evil, in describing the approach of Achilles toward Troy:
Sirius rises late in the dark, liquid sky
On summer nights, star of stars,
Orion's Dog they call it, brightest
Of all, but an evil portent, Bringing heat
And fevers to suffering humanity.

The term "dog days" was used by the Greeks in Aristotle's Physics. Astronomer Geminus, around 70 BC, wrote: "It is believed Generally Sirius That Produces the heat of the 'dog days,' but this is an error, for the star Merely marks a season of the year When the sun" s heat is the Greatest. "  The 1559 edition of the lectionary of the Episcopal  Book of Common Prayer  Indicates: "Naonae. Dog days begin "with the readings for July 7 & amp; end August 18. But the readings for September 5 stated:" Naonae. Dog days end. "This Corresponds very closely to the lectionary of the 1611 edition of the  King James Bible  Which Indicates the Dog Days beginning on July 6 & amp; ending on September 5. 

Parasols for Sun & Umbrellas for Rain - across the Atlantic...

Francisco Goya (Spanish artist, 1746-1828) The Parasol

Joseph Wright of Derby, (British artist, 1734-1797),  The Rev. and Mrs Thomas Gisborne, of Leicestershire, 1786

Emile Bernard (French artist, 1858-1941) Breton Girls with Parasols 1892

 Edgar Degas (French artist, 1834–1917)  In the Tuileries, Woman with a Parasol

George Logan (British artist, 1866-1939) Lady in a punt boat with a parasol

 Gustave Courbet (French artist, 1819-1877) Woman with Parasol

Joseph Farquharson (British artist, 1846-1935) The Parasol

Albert Aublet (French artist, 1851-1938) Sur La Plage, Le Treport (1887)

Claude Monet (French painter, 1840-1926) Ladies on the Beach with Parasols

 Albert Lynch (Peruvian artist, 1851-1912) A Summer Stroll 1864

Bernard Dorotheus Folkestad  (1879-1933) Mildred with Parasol, 1918

Esther Borough Johnson (British artist, 1867-1949) Tea Table in the Garden, 1925

Giovanni Boldini (Italian artist, 1842-1931) The Summer Stroll

Giovanni Boldini (Italian artist, 1842-1931) Woman With A Parasol 1872

Henri Matisse (French artist, 1869–1954)

 John Lavery (Irish artist, 1856-1941)  Summer

Margaret Tarrant (English Illustrator, 1888-1959)

William Logsdail (British artist, 1859-1944)

Alfred Stevens (Belgian artist, 1828-1906) In the Country (with a parasol)

Arthur Hopkins (British artist, 1848-1930) Woman by the Sea

Jules Bastien-Lepage (French artist, 1848–1884) Girl with a Parasol

Axel Ender (Norwegian artist, 1853-1920) In Expectation

Pierre Auguste Renoir (Fench artist, 1841-1919). Girl with a Parasol (Aline Nunes) 1883

 Matej Sternen (Sloven artist, 1870-1949)

Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French painter, 1841-1919)

George Frederic Watts (English artist, 1817-1904) Eveleen Tennant

William John Leech (Irish artist, 1881-1968) The Sunshade 1913

Gustave Claude √Čtienne Courtois (French painter, 1859-1923) Anne Marie Walter 1878

Henri Matisse (French artist, 1869-1954) Conversation under the Olive Trees.

Joseph Caraud (French artist, 1821-1905) The Red Parasol

Max Pechstein. (German artist, 1881-1955) Girl in Red with a Parasol, 1909

Paul S√©rusier (French artist, 1864-1927)  Madame Serusier with a Parasol, 1912

Percy Tarrant (British artist, 1879-1930) A Lady with a Parasol

Pierre-Auguste Renoir (French painter, 1841-1919) The Parasol 1878

Alfred James Munnings (British Painter, 1878-1959) The White Canoe on the Stour at Dedham

 1921 Henri Matisse (French artist, 1869–1954) Reading woman with a Parasol

Madonnas - A few from the 1200s

1230 Berlinghiero Berlinghieri (fl. 1228-1236) Madonna and Child

1275 Madonna and Child, c 1265-1285 Damian Madonna, Tuscany

1284 Cimabue (Italian Byzantine Style Painter, c 1240-1302)  Madonna and Child Castelfiorentino

1285 Cimabue (Italian Byzantine Style Painter, c 1240-1302) Madonna and Child, Santa Maria dei Servi, Bologna

1285 Cimabue (Italian Byzantine Style Painter, c 1240-1302) Madonna enthroned with St. Francis and St. Dominic Uffizi

1235 Berlinghiero Berlinghieri (fl. 1228-1236) Detail of Madonna and Child with Saints

1260 Madonna and Child, (Unknown Umbrian Artist)

1260 Madonna and Child, (Unknown Umbrian Artist)

1261 Coppo di Marcovaldo (c 1225-1276) Madonna del Bordone

1265 Coppo di Marcovaldo (c 1225-1276) Madonna and Child

1270 Madonna and Child, (attributed to Clarisse Master)

In this blog, I try to begin each day with a painting of the Madonna & Child. It centers me; connects me to the past; & encourages me to post some of the religious paintings which were a large part of the core of early Western art.  In the 4C, as the Christian population was rapidly growing & was now supported by the state, Christian art evolved & became grander to suit new, enlarged public spaces & the changing contemporary tastes of elite private clients.